Coping strategies of parents of children with autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review

  • Christelle VernhetEmail author
  • Florine Dellapiazza
  • Nathalie Blanc
  • Florence Cousson-Gélie
  • Stéphanie Miot
  • Herbert Roeyers
  • Amaria Baghdadli


To deal with stress, parents of children with ASD use coping strategies that help to tackle the challenging situations of raising their child. This systematic review examines parental coping strategy’s questionnaires, factors which influence these coping strategies, interactions between these strategies and perceived stress and their impact on parental quality of life. According to PRISMA guidelines, an electronic search was conducted on Medline, PsycInfo and Eric: 156 articles were identified and 11 studies were selected. Many types of self-reported questionnaires were used to assess parental coping strategies. Studies highlighted that parents of a child with ASD used more avoidance strategies and less social support-seeking strategies than those of typical children. Furthermore, problem-focused coping protects parental stress and quality of life, that on the contrary, emotion-focused coping is a risk factor for alteration. Our systematic review illustrates the need to adapt psychoeducational interventions for parents of children with ASD.


Autism Parents Children Coping Systematic review 



The authors would like to thank Cécile Michelon for participating in the data analyses and helping in the article submission

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christelle Vernhet
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Florine Dellapiazza
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Nathalie Blanc
    • 2
  • Florence Cousson-Gélie
    • 2
  • Stéphanie Miot
    • 3
  • Herbert Roeyers
    • 4
  • Amaria Baghdadli
    • 1
    • 3
    • 5
  1. 1.Centre Ressources Autisme, CHU MontpellierMontpellier Cedex 05France
  2. 2.Univ, Paul Valéry Montpellier 3, Univ. Montpellier, EPSYLON EA 4556MontpellierFrance
  3. 3.Centre de Recherche en Épidémiologie et Santé des Populations, UMR1178, INSERMParisFrance
  4. 4.Department of Experimental Clinical and Health PsychologyGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  5. 5.University school of medicineMontpellierFrance

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