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European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

, Volume 27, Issue 6, pp 785–795 | Cite as

Self-reported mental health in children ages 6–12 years across eight European countries

  • Mathilde M. Husky
  • Anders Boyd
  • Adina Bitfoi
  • Mauro Giovanni Carta
  • Christine Chan-Chee
  • Dietmar Goelitz
  • Ceren Koç
  • Sigita Lesinskiene
  • Zlatka Mihova
  • Roy Otten
  • Ondine Pez
  • Taraneh Shojaei
  • Viviane Kovess-Masfety
Original Contribution

Abstract

Worldwide, approximately one in eight children or adolescents suffers from a mental disorder. The present study was designed to determine the self-reported prevalence of mental health problems in children aged 6–11 years across eight European countries including Italy, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Lithuania, Bulgaria, Romania, and Turkey. Data were drawn from 6245 children participating in the School Children Mental Health in Europe (SCHME) study and a large cross-sectional survey in France. Self-reported child mental health was assessed using the Dominique Interactive (DI). Overall, 22.0% of children were identified per their own evaluation as having at least one mental disorder, ranging from 16.4% in the Netherlands to 27.9% in Bulgaria. The prevalence of internalizing disorders was 18.4% across countries and ranged from 11.8% in the Netherlands to 24.3% in Turkey. The prevalence of externalizing disorders was lower with an average of 7.8%, ranging from 3.5% in Turkey to 10.5% in Bulgaria. Combining samples across European countries, 1 in 5 children reported internalizing problems and 1 in 12 children externalizing problems. The net completion rates of 4.1–74.3% preclude conclusions about national differences in prevalence rates.

Keywords

Child mental health Europe Prevalence Self-reported mental health 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was funded by the European Union, Grant number 2006336.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all the authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

787_2017_1073_MOESM1_ESM.docx (83 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 83 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mathilde M. Husky
    • 1
  • Anders Boyd
    • 2
  • Adina Bitfoi
    • 3
  • Mauro Giovanni Carta
    • 4
  • Christine Chan-Chee
    • 5
  • Dietmar Goelitz
    • 6
  • Ceren Koç
    • 7
  • Sigita Lesinskiene
    • 8
  • Zlatka Mihova
    • 9
  • Roy Otten
    • 10
  • Ondine Pez
    • 11
  • Taraneh Shojaei
    • 12
  • Viviane Kovess-Masfety
    • 11
    • 13
  1. 1.Department of Psychology EA4139, Institut Universitaire de FranceUniversity of BordeauxBordeauxFrance
  2. 2.INSERM, UMR_S1136, Institut Pierre Louis d’Epidémiologie et de Santé PubliqueParisFrance
  3. 3.The Romanian League for Mental HealthBucharestRomania
  4. 4.Centro di Psichiatria di Consulenza e Psicosomatica Azienda OspedalieroUniversitaria di CagliariCagliariItaly
  5. 5.Mental Health Programme, Department of Chronic Disease and TraumaInstitut de Veille SanitaireParisFrance
  6. 6.Institute of PsychologyUniversity of Koblenz-Landau (Campus Koblenz)KoblenzGermany
  7. 7.Yeniden Health and Education SocietyIstanbulTurkey
  8. 8.Clinic of Psychiatry, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of VilniusVilniusLithuania
  9. 9.New Bulgarian UniversitySofiaBulgaria
  10. 10.Behavioural Science InstituteRadboud University Nijmegen, Pluryn, Research and DevelopmentNijmegenThe Netherlands
  11. 11.EHESP RennesSorbonne Paris CiteParisFrance
  12. 12.Screening and Prevention Bureau, SDS/DASESParisFrance
  13. 13.EA 4057Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris CiteParisFrance

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