European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 61–66 | Cite as

Suicidality among military-connected adolescents in California schools

  • Tamika D. GilreathEmail author
  • Stephani L. Wrabel
  • Kathrine S. Sullivan
  • Gordon P. Capp
  • Ilan Roziner
  • Rami Benbenishty
  • Ron A. Astor
Original Contribution


Previous research indicates that suicidal ideation is higher among military-connected youth than non military-connected youth. This study extends prior work by examining suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts in military-connected and non military-connected adolescents. Data were gathered from 390,028 9th and 11th grade students who completed the 2012–2013 California Healthy Kids Survey. Bivariate comparisons and multivariate logistic analyses were conducted to examine differences in suicidal ideation, plans, attempts, and attempts requiring medical attention between military and not military-connected youth. In multivariate logistic analyses, military-connected youth were at increased risk for suicidal ideation (OR = 1.43, 95 % CI = 1.37–1.49), making a plan to harm themselves (OR = 1.19, CI = 1.06–1.34), attempting suicide (OR = 1.67, CI = 1.43–1.95), and an attempted suicide which required medical treatment (OR = 1.71, CI = 1.34–2.16). These results indicate that military-connected youth statewide are at a higher risk for suicidal ideation, plans, attempts, and attempts requiring medical care because of suicidal behaviors. It is suggested that policies be implemented to increase awareness and screening among primary care providers, school personnel, and military organizations that serve military-connected youth.


Military Adolescents Suicidality Mental health 


Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Human Subjects Statement

This work constitutes secondary data analysis and was approved by the USC IRB as an exempt study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tamika D. Gilreath
    • 1
    Email author
  • Stephani L. Wrabel
    • 2
  • Kathrine S. Sullivan
    • 1
  • Gordon P. Capp
    • 1
  • Ilan Roziner
    • 3
  • Rami Benbenishty
    • 3
  • Ron A. Astor
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Social WorkUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Rossier School of EducationUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Louis and Gabi Weisfeld School of Social WorkBar Ilan UniversityRamat GanIsrael

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