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Table 1 Demographic variables, loss-related characteristics, and symptom-scores in children and adolescents samples

From: Distinctiveness of symptoms of prolonged grief, depression, and post-traumatic stress in bereaved children and adolescents

  Children (N = 197) Adolescents (N = 135)
Demographic characteristics
Gender, N (%)
 Boys 99 (50.3) 44 (32.6)
 Girls 98 (49.7) 91 (67.4)
Age (years), M (SD); range 9.9 (1.3); 8–12 14.9 (1.5); 13–18
Loss characteristics
Deceased is N (%)
 Mother 38 (19.3) 42 (31.1)
 Father 123 (62.4) 63 (46.7)
 Sibling 16 (8.1) 13 (9.6)
 Other relative 17 (8.6) 15 (11.1)
Cause of death is N (%)
 Illness 105 (53.3) 77 (57.0)
 Violent (accident, suicide, homicide) 48 (24.4) 26 (19.3)
 Unexpected medical cause 34 (17.3) 28 (20.7)
 Other cause 8 (4.1) 4 (3.0)
Experienced loss as unexpected? N (%)
 Yes 57 (28.9) 46 (34.1)
 No 140 (71.1) 86 (63.7)
 Time since loss (months) (M (SD); range) 31.7 (23.6); 1–119 34.0 (28.4); 2–119
Symptom Severity Scores
 Prolonged Grief (IPG) 50.8 (11.2) 50.3 (12.8)
 Depression (CDI) 6.4 (6.6) 12.8 (7.5)
 PTSD (CPSS) 13.3 (9.4) 14.5 (10.7)
  1. Samples sizes differ due to occasional missing values
  2. CDI Children’s Depression Inventory, CPSS Child Post-traumatic Stress-Disorder Symptom Scale, IPG Inventory of Prolonged Grief
  3. p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001