European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

, Volume 20, Issue 8, pp 413–418

Positive attitudes and self-harming behavior of adolescents in a juvenile detention house in Taiwan

  • Mei-Hua Tsai
  • Kai-Chi Fang
  • Chia-Hui Lu
  • Chih-Dao Chen
  • Chi-Pan Hsieh
  • Tsung-Tai Chen
Original Contribution

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the less stigmatizing positivity construct screening measurement and its association with recent self-harming behaviors among adolescents. Participants were 193 detained Taiwanese adolescents. Questionnaires consisted of a deliberate self-harm inventory, a positivity construct measurement, a depression scale, data concerning risky health behaviors and demographics. The prevalence rate of recent self-harming behavior among adolescents in the detention house was 43.5%. The logistic model showed that age, gender and level of positivity demonstrated significant odds ratios for self-harm behavior. Results showed that younger age and female gender increased self-harming behavior. In addition, low score on positivity construct screening measurement increased the probability of self-harming behavior. Furthermore, these adolescents also engaged in risky health behaviors and were more depressed. Parental and school awareness for these risky behaviors should be enhanced and appropriate early interventions implemented to prevent negative health outcomes.

Keywords

Self-harming behavior Positive attitudes Detained adolescents Taiwan 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mei-Hua Tsai
    • 1
  • Kai-Chi Fang
    • 2
  • Chia-Hui Lu
    • 3
  • Chih-Dao Chen
    • 1
  • Chi-Pan Hsieh
    • 1
  • Tsung-Tai Chen
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Family MedicineFar Eastern Memorial HospitalTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryFar Eastern Memorial HospitalTaipeiTaiwan
  3. 3.Taipei Juvenile Detention HouseTaipeiTaiwan
  4. 4.Department of Healthcare AdministrationYanchao Campus, I-Shou UniversityKaohsiungTaiwan

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