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European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 49–55 | Cite as

Childhood bullying as a predictor for becoming a teenage mother in Finland

  • Venla LehtiEmail author
  • Andre Sourander
  • Anat Klomek
  • Solja Niemelä
  • Lauri Sillanmäki
  • Jorma Piha
  • Kirsti Kumpulainen
  • Tuula Tamminen
  • Irma Moilanen
  • Fredrik Almqvist
Original Contribution

Abstract

The aim of this study is to examine the association between bullying behaviour at the age of 8 and becoming a mother under the age of 20. This birth cohort study included 2,867 Finnish girls at baseline in 1989. Register-based follow-up data on births was collected until the end of 2001. Information, both on the main exposure and outcome, was available for 2,507 girls. Both bullies and victims had an increased risk of becoming a teenage mother independent of family-related risk factors. When controlled for childhood psychopathology, however, the association remained significant for bullies (OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.2–4.1) and bully-victims (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.05–3.2), but not for pure victims. Reports of bullying and victimisation from the girls themselves, their parents and their teachers were all associated with becoming a teenage mother independent of each other. There is a predictive association between being a bully in childhood and becoming a mother in adolescence. It may be useful to target bullies for teenage pregnancy prevention.

Keywords

Teen pregnancy Bully Victim Risk factor Epidemiology 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Dr. Lehti received a grant from the Finnish Foundation for Pediatric Research (Lastentautien tutkimussäätiö).

Conflict of interest

Dr. Niemelä has consulted Pfizer and been invited as a lecturer by AstraZeneca. These companies have no role in the production of this manuscript. The other authors have no potential conflicts of interest to disclose.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Venla Lehti
    • 1
    Email author
  • Andre Sourander
    • 1
  • Anat Klomek
    • 3
    • 4
  • Solja Niemelä
    • 5
  • Lauri Sillanmäki
    • 1
  • Jorma Piha
    • 2
  • Kirsti Kumpulainen
    • 6
  • Tuula Tamminen
    • 7
  • Irma Moilanen
    • 8
  • Fredrik Almqvist
    • 9
  1. 1.Department of Child PsychiatryUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland
  2. 2.Department of Child PsychiatryUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland
  3. 3.New School of Psychology, Interdisciplinary Center (IDC)HerzliyaIsrael
  4. 4.Division of Child and Adolescent PsychiatryColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  5. 5.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland
  6. 6.Department of Child PsychiatryUniversity of Eastern FinlandKuopioFinland
  7. 7.Department of Child PsychiatryUniversity of TampereTampereFinland
  8. 8.Department of Child PsychiatryUniversity of OuluOuluFinland
  9. 9.Department of Child PsychiatryUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

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