The application of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT, 670 nm) and diode laser (940 nm) as adjunctive approach in the conventional cause-related treatment of chronic periodontal disease: a randomized controlled split-mouth clinical trial
The aim of the present randomized controlled split-mouth clinical trial is to evaluate the effectiveness of the adjunctive use of photodynamic low-level laser therapy (670 nm), applying methylene blue as photosensitizer, and the effectiveness of a diode laser (940 nm) compared with conventional non-surgical mechanical treatment in a group of patients with chronic periodontal disease.
Materials and methods
Twenty-one patients with moderate to severe periodontal disease with presence of 3 or more quadrants, each containing at least three sites with periodontal pocket depth (PPD) of ≥ 5 mm, were included in the study. Periodontal treatment comprising scaling and root planing (SRP) was accomplished for the whole mouth. Applying a split-mouth design, each quadrant was randomly treated with SRP alone (control group), SRP with diode laser (diode group), and SRP with photodynamic therapy (photodynamic group).
All treatment modalities in this study lead to statistically significant improvements in the evaluated clinical parameters at 3 months and 6 months compared with baseline. There was no statistically significant difference regarding PD and BOP between groups. There was only a tendency for greater reduction of PD in the diode group for deep pockets at 3 months, but not statistically significant.
After 6 months of evaluation, the high intensity diode laser and the antimicrobial photodynamic therapy have not shown any additional benefits to the conventional periodontal treatment.
The diode or photodynamic laser therapy in conjunction with conventional SRP does not seem to be superior in reducing probing depth and bleeding on probing than SRP alone 6 months after treatment. More studies are necessary to prove the actual need of these types of lasers in the periodontal clinical practice.
KeywordsPeriodontitis, chronic Diode laser Photodynamic therapy Photosensitizing agent
The work was supported by the Department of Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Implant Biology and the Department of Operative Dentistry, Dental School of Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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