Peroxiredoxin I expression in epithelial cells of buccal mucosa from patients exposed to panoramic X-rays: influence of the age
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The aim of this study was to evaluate peroxiredoxin I (Prx I) participation in the cellular antioxidant response to low-dose X-rays through the analysis of its expression in buccal mucosa cells from patients of different ages following panoramic dental radiography.
Materials and methods
Of the 50 patients included in this study, oral mucosa cells from six adults were collected for the immunofluorescence cytological analysis. The other 44 patients, 11 patients aged below 20 years; 22 patients aged between 20 and 50 years; and 11 patients aged above 50 years, were submitted to panoramic dental radiography, and oral mucosa cells were collected for the gene expression analysis before and 1 hour after exposure.
The results demonstrated Prx I expression in the cytoplasm of oral mucosa cells either before or after radiation exposure. The quantitative analysis showed that in oral mucosa cells from patients aged below 50 years the mRNA levels of PRDX1 were significantly increased after radiation exposure. On the other hand, the cells from patients aged above 50 years presented significantly lower PRDX1 transcript levels after radiation exposition.
Panoramic radiography leads to increased Prx I expression in buccal mucosa cells, probably as an adaptive response to eliminate X-ray-induced ROS, except in cells from elderly people.
Even low doses of radiation employed for dental purposes are capable to provoke stress to cells, which was demonstrated via the induction of the antioxidant gene PRDX1. In elderly patients, such mechanism was demonstrated to be impaired.
KeywordsPanoramic radiography Peroxiredoxin ROS Buccal mucosa cells X-ray
The work was supported by the Brazilian Agency “São Paulo State Foundation for Research Support” (FAPESP), São Paulo, Brazil.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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