This study aims to conduct a systematic review to determine the prevalence of halitosis in adolescents and adults.
Electronic searches were performed using four different databases without restrictions: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and SciELO. Population-based observational studies that provided data about the prevalence of halitosis in adolescents and adults were included. Additionally, meta-analyses, meta-regression, and sensitivity analyses were conducted to synthesize the evidence.
A total of 584 articles were initially found and considered for title and abstract evaluation. Thirteen articles met inclusion criteria. The combined prevalence of halitosis was found to be 31.8% (95% CI 24.6–39.0%). Methodological aspects such as the year of publication and the socioeconomic status of the country where the study was conducted seemed to influence the prevalence of halitosis.
Our results demonstrated that the estimated prevalence of halitosis was 31.8%, with high heterogeneity between studies. The results suggest a worldwide trend towards a rise in halitosis prevalence.
Given the high prevalence of halitosis and its complex etiology, dental professionals should be aware of their roles in halitosis prevention and treatment.
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The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
The work was not supported by any funding.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
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Silva, M.F., Leite, F.R.M., Ferreira, L.B. et al. Estimated prevalence of halitosis: a systematic review and meta-regression analysis. Clin Oral Invest 22, 47–55 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00784-017-2164-5