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Coexistent lumbar spine disorders have a crucial impact on the clinical outcome after total hip replacement

  • Original Article
  • Published:
Journal of Orthopaedic Science

Abstract

Background

Degenerative hip and spine disease are known to frequently coexist. Lumbar spine disorders (LSDs), as opposed to other patient-related factors, are disregarded in the assessment of the clinical outcome after total hip replacement (THR). This prospective study investigates the influence of LSDs on the pre- and postoperative health-related quality of life and functional outcome of patients undergoing THR.

Methods

According to clearly defined criteria, 42 patients scheduled for cementless THR were assigned either to the LSD (13 patients with LSDs) or non-LSD group (29 patients without LSDs). A clinical assessment was performed preoperatively as well as 12, 24 and 60 months postoperatively using the Harris hip score (HHS), the Western Ontario and McMaster University osteoarthritis index (WOMAC) and the 36-item short form health survey (SF-36).

Results

The statistical analysis comparing the pre- and postoperative status within both groups showed an ongoing improvement of mean HHS and WOMAC after THR. The non-LSD group had a significantly higher postoperative HHS and WOMAC after 12, 24 and 60 months as well as SF-36 after 24 and 60 months. The LSD group improved significantly in the HHS at 24 and 60 months and the WOMAC at 12, 24 and 60 months postoperatively, whereas the SF-36 improvement was not significant. Comparison of preoperative data in both groups revealed a significantly higher SF-36 in the non-LSD group but no difference between the HHS and WOMAC. At each postoperative assessment, the HHS, WOMAC and SF-36, including its physical and mental health sum scores, were significantly higher in the non-LSD group, except for the WOMAC after 60 months.

Conclusion

Owing to their crucial impact on hip function scores and health-related quality of life, it is recommended to consider LSDs preoperatively in studies dealing with the clinical outcome after THR.

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Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank Susanne Finze for her assistance in statistical analysis.

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Correspondence to Martin Ellenrieder.

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Conflict of interest

The institution of the authors has received funding for the clinical study from Stryker GmbH, Duisburg, Germany (funding number 895327U). No further conflicts of interest are known.

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Ellenrieder, M., Bader, R., Bergschmidt, P. et al. Coexistent lumbar spine disorders have a crucial impact on the clinical outcome after total hip replacement. J Orthop Sci 20, 1046–1052 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00776-015-0764-y

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00776-015-0764-y

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