JBIC Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry

, Volume 22, Issue 7, pp 1055–1064 | Cite as

Anticancer activity of novel amino acid derivative of palladium complex with phendione ligand against of human colon cancer cell line

Original Paper


The aim of this work is the identification of the structural effect of amino acid–Pd complex on DNA as an intracellular target which was studied using various spectroscopic techniques such as fluorescence, UV–visible and circular dichroism in combination with a molecular docking study. Hence, a novel water-soluble palladium complex, [Pd(phendione)(isopentylglycine)]NO3, has been synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic method. The anticancer activity of complex was investigated against human colon cancer cell line of HCT116 after 24 h of incubation using MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay. In addition, this complex was interacted with calf thymus DNA (ct-DNA) via positive cooperative interaction. The fluorescence data indicate that Pd complex is intercalated in DNA. These results were confirmed by circular dichroism spectra. The molecular docking results indicate that docking may be an appropriate method for the prediction and confirmation of experimental results. Complementary molecular docking results may be useful for the determination of the binding mechanism of DNA in pharmaceutical and biophysical studies providing new insight into the novel pharmacology and new solutions in the formulation of advanced oral drug delivery systems.

Graphical Abstract

Docking and spectroscopic studies show that new water-soluble Pd complex has anticancer activity and it can bind to DNA via intercalation and groove binding.


Anticancer palladium complex Human colon cancer Phendione DNA binding Amino acid derivative Molecular docking 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of this work by the Chemistry & Chemical Engineering Research Center of Iran.


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Copyright information

© SBIC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Research Center of IranTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biological SciencesKharazmi UniversityTehranIran

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