Anticancer activity of novel amino acid derivative of palladium complex with phendione ligand against of human colon cancer cell line
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The aim of this work is the identification of the structural effect of amino acid–Pd complex on DNA as an intracellular target which was studied using various spectroscopic techniques such as fluorescence, UV–visible and circular dichroism in combination with a molecular docking study. Hence, a novel water-soluble palladium complex, [Pd(phendione)(isopentylglycine)]NO3, has been synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic method. The anticancer activity of complex was investigated against human colon cancer cell line of HCT116 after 24 h of incubation using MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay. In addition, this complex was interacted with calf thymus DNA (ct-DNA) via positive cooperative interaction. The fluorescence data indicate that Pd complex is intercalated in DNA. These results were confirmed by circular dichroism spectra. The molecular docking results indicate that docking may be an appropriate method for the prediction and confirmation of experimental results. Complementary molecular docking results may be useful for the determination of the binding mechanism of DNA in pharmaceutical and biophysical studies providing new insight into the novel pharmacology and new solutions in the formulation of advanced oral drug delivery systems.
KeywordsAnticancer palladium complex Human colon cancer Phendione DNA binding Amino acid derivative Molecular docking
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of this work by the Chemistry & Chemical Engineering Research Center of Iran.
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