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Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism

, Volume 33, Issue 4, pp 359–370 | Cite as

Reactive oxygen species and oxidative stress in osteoclastogenesis, skeletal aging and bone diseases

  • Danielle A. Callaway
  • Jean X. JiangEmail author
Invited Review

Abstract

Osteoclasts are cells derived from bone marrow macrophages and are important in regulating bone resorption during bone homeostasis. Understanding what drives osteoclast differentiation and activity is important when studying diseases characterized by heightened bone resorption relative to formation, such as osteoporosis. In the last decade, studies have indicated that reactive oxygen species (ROS), including superoxide and hydrogen peroxide, are crucial components that regulate the differentiation process of osteoclasts. However, there are still many unanswered questions that remain. This review will examine the mechanisms by which ROS can be produced in osteoclasts as well as how it may affect osteoclast differentiation and activity through its actions on osteoclastogenesis signaling pathways. In addition, the contribution of ROS to the aging-associated disease of osteoporosis will be addressed and how targeting ROS may lead to the development of novel therapeutic treatment options.

Keywords

Osteoclast Reactive oxygen species Osteoclastogenesis Oxidative stress 

Notes

Conflict of interest

None.

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research and Springer Japan 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of Texas Health Science CenterSan AntonioUSA

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