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Effects of additional resistance training during diet-induced weight loss on bone mineral density in overweight premenopausal women

Abstract

Bone loss accompanies a diet-induced weight loss and could be prevented with a combination of exercises. This study was conducted to examine the effects of additional resistance training during diet-induced weight loss on whole-body and selected regional bone mineral density (BMD). The participants of a 14-week weight-loss study were 42 overweight premenopausal Japanese women who were randomly placed in either a diet-only group (D; n = 21) or a diet plus resistance training group (DR; n = 21). Whole-body BMD and body composition, lumbar spine BMD, and 1/3 radial BMD were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry before and after the intervention. Bone formation and resorption markers were also measured. Thirty-five participants (83%) completed the study. Individuals in groups D (n = 17) and DR (n = 18) lost 6.2 ± 3.5 kg and 8.6 ± 3.6 kg body weight, respectively. Reductions in percentage fat mass and fat mass in group DR were significantly greater than in group D; lean mass decreased significantly in both groups. The effect of time on whole-body BMD was significant (−0.3%); however, whole-body bone mineral content, lumbar spine BMD, and 1/3 radial BMD remained unchanged. There were no significant timeby-group interactions in the whole-body and regional BMD and bone markers. These results suggest that additional resistance training during weight loss has no effect on BMD in overweight premenopausal Japanese women. Further long-term studies with large numbers of subjects are needed.

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Correspondence to Yoshio Nakata.

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Nakata, Y., Ohkawara, K., Lee, D.J. et al. Effects of additional resistance training during diet-induced weight loss on bone mineral density in overweight premenopausal women. J Bone Miner Metab 26, 172–177 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00774-007-0805-5

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00774-007-0805-5

Key words

  • body composition
  • bone mass
  • resistance training
  • weight loss