Optimization of marine vessels on the basis of tests on model series

Abstract

The towing-tank resistance data for 20 series of ship models have been collated and processed in a unified manner. These data are presented here in a summarized manner showing the influence of the principal geometric parameters. The most significant parameter is the slenderness ratio which generally should be as large as possible in order to minimize the total resistance at full scale. It is demonstrated that the well-known DTMB Series 64 hulls possess the most promising geometry for the purpose of resistance minimization. It is further shown that the displacement of the prototype plays only a minor rôle. Thus, the general conclusions apply to any practical size of ship.

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Abbreviations

\(A_\mathrm{T}\) :

Transom area

\(A_\mathrm{X}\) :

Maximum-section area

B :

Beam

C :

Coefficient

\(C_\mathrm{A}\) :

Correlation allowance

\(C_\mathrm{B}\) :

Block coefficient

\(C_\mathrm{P}\) :

Prismatic coefficient

\(C_\mathrm{VP}\) :

Vertical prismatic coefficient

\(F_{\nabla }\) :

Volumetric Froude number

L :

Length

\(L_\mathrm{C}\) :

Wetted chine length

\(L_\mathrm{K}\) :

Wetted keel length

\(L_\mathrm{M}\) :

Mean wetted length

\(L/\nabla ^{1/3}\) :

Slenderness ratio

\(M_1\) :

Specific resistance at one speed

\(M_2\) :

Specific resistance averaged

N :

Number of test cases

\(N_\mathrm{B}\) :

Number of test cases in a quantile or grouping

\(R_\mathrm{A}\) :

Correlation resistance

\(R_\mathrm{F}\) :

Frictional resistance

\(R_{\mathrm{F0}}\) :

Flat-plate frictional resistance

\(R_\mathrm{H}\) :

Hydrostatic resistance

\(R_\mathrm{R}\) :

Residuary resistance

\(R_\mathrm{T}\) :

Total resistance

\(R_\mathrm{V}\) :

Viscous resistance

\(R_\mathrm{W}\) :

Wave resistance

\(R_\mathrm{a}\) :

Aerodynamic resistance

\(\mathrm {Re}\) :

Reynolds number

S :

Wetted-surface area

T :

Draft

U :

Ship velocity

W :

Displacement weight

d :

Depth of water

g :

Acceleration due to gravity

k :

Frictional-resistance increment factor

w :

Towing-tank or canal width

\(\Delta\) :

Displacement mass

\(\Delta_\mathrm{P}\) :

Prototype displacement mass

\(\beta\) :

Bow-down trim angle

\(\nu\) :

Kinematic viscosity of water

\(\rho\) :

Density of water

\(\nabla\) :

Displacement volume

\(^*\) :

Modification to original model series

AHSMS:

Australian High-Speed-Monohull Series

DL:

Davidson Laboratory

DTMB:

David Taylor Model Basin

DTNSRDC:

David W. Taylor Naval Ship Research and Development Center

HSVA:

Hamburg Ship Model Basin

ITTC:

International Towing-Tank Conference

MARIN:

Maritime Research Institute Netherlands

NPL:

National Physical Laboratory

NSRDC:

Naval Ship Research and Development Center

NSWC:

Naval Surface Warfare Center

NTUA:

National Technical University of Athens

SIT:

Stevens Institute of Technology

SSPA:

Statens skeppsprovningsanstalt (Swedish State Shipbuilding Experimental Tank)

TMB:

Taylor Model Basin

USCG:

United States Coast Guard

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Acknowledgements

I would like to thank Professor Fabio De Luca of the Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II for his provision of the original and very accurate experimental data for the Naples Warped Hard-Chine-Hull Systematic Series. I am also grateful to Professor Gregory Grigoropoulos of the National Technical University of Athens for his provision of towing-tank data for further models in the NTUA Double-Chine High-Speed Series. Finally, I would like to thank Mr. Martin Grimm in the Department of Defence, Australia, for assisting me with sourcing the material on the MARIN Fast Displacement Ships.

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Doctors, L.J. Optimization of marine vessels on the basis of tests on model series. J Mar Sci Technol 25, 887–900 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00773-019-00687-4

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Keywords

  • Hull optimization
  • Ship-model extrapolation
  • Resistance reduction