SiMoCo: the viability of a prototype platform for a coastal monitoring system: a case study

Abstract

Coastal zones are among the most productive areas in the world, offering a wide variety of valuable habitats and ecosystems services. Despite the low population density in the Brazilian coastal zone, their distribution is quite concentrated near some coastal cities and state capitals. This concentration places enormous pressure on coastal resources. Therefore, the main objective of this paper is to present an overview on the current status of SiMoCo (Sistema de Monitoramento Costeiro, or Coastal Monitoring System in English) project as a possible early warning system that can be integrated to the Brazilian Coastal Management Information System. This prototype platform provides a real-time access to the composition, organization and simulation of planktonic communities. First, our results demonstrate such a system detecting a target dinoflagellate; second, we apply structural and functional indexes to compare and characterize the ecological networks from two different coastal areas. Conclusions are made about SiMoCo’s feasibility and its possible contribution to the decision-making process within integrated coastal zone management (ICZM) strategies.

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Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to the Brazilian Navy for logistical support and collaboration. We also thank Petróleo Brasileiro S.A. for participation in the cross action (ref. 2095/04 MCT/FINEP/PETROBRAS) in the early stages of this project and the Coordination of Higher Education Personnel Improvement (CAPES) for the financial support during the 2009 Postdoctoral National Program. We also thank the anonymous reviewers for their contributions. The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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Pereira, G.C., Oliveira, M.M.F., Andrade, L.P. et al. SiMoCo: the viability of a prototype platform for a coastal monitoring system: a case study. J Mar Sci Technol 21, 651–662 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00773-016-0380-3

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Keywords

  • Real-time monitoring
  • In situ scanning flow cytometry
  • Ecological networks
  • Coastal zone management