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Sustainability requirements for eLearning systems: a systematic literature review and analysis


eLearning systems have become a very important part of teaching, both as web-based systems for online education and as auxiliary tools for face-to-face study, where they provide an additional learning support for on-campus learners. To insure the sustainability of an eLearning system on both individual and social levels, we have to cover many aspects of sustainability requirements: human, technical, economic, and environmental. This paper provides a systematic literature review of the sustainability meta-requirements for eLearning systems to identify open problems and to present the state of the art of this research area. We analysed 124 papers, so we identified 18 high-level sustainability requirements for eLearning systems.

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Ahmed D. Alharthi is supported by a scholarship from Umm Al-Qura University, Saudi Arabia.

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See Table 5.

Table 5 List of studies for sustainable eLearning systems

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Alharthi, A.D., Spichkova, M. & Hamilton, M. Sustainability requirements for eLearning systems: a systematic literature review and analysis. Requirements Eng 24, 523–543 (2019).

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  • Sustainability requirements
  • Requirements engineering
  • eLearning
  • Sustainable eLearning systems
  • Sustainability
  • Systematic literature review