The aim of the study was to assess the predictive value of dyspareunia, general chronic pain, and metacognitive beliefs to sexual distress in a sample of women with endometriosis. Ninety-six women (mean age = 34.60 ± 6.44 years) with a diagnosis of endometriosis took part to this cross-sectional study. Sociodemographic and clinical data were collected by means of a structured ad hoc questionnaire. Metacognitive beliefs and sexual distress were assessed by means of the Metacognitions Questionnaire (MCQ30) and the Female Sexual Distress Scale-R (FSDS-r). General chronic pain intensity was collected by means of a Numeric Rating Scale. Data were subjected to Hierarchical logistic regression. We found high percentages of dyspareunia and sexual distress (i.e., 66% and 76%). Findings suggested that dyspareunia and chronic pain did not predict sexual distress, while negative beliefs about worries predicted sexual distress over and above them (p = .040, odd ratio 1.159). In the target population, metacognitive beliefs may have more influence on sexual distress than pain symptomatology.
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All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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Zarbo, C., Brugnera, A., Compare, A. et al. Negative metacognitive beliefs predict sexual distress over and above pain in women with endometriosis. Arch Womens Ment Health 22, 575–582 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00737-018-0928-9
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