Archives of Women's Mental Health

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 121–130 | Cite as

Multicentre prospective study of perinatal depression in Japan: incidence and correlates of antenatal and postnatal depression

  • T. Kitamura
  • K. Yoshida
  • T. Okano
  • K. Kinoshita
  • M. Hayashi
  • N. Toyoda
  • M. Ito
  • N. Kudo
  • K. Tada
  • K. Kanazawa
  • K. Sakumoto
  • S. Satoh
  • T. Furukawa
  • H. Nakano
Original contribution


A multicentre study on the epidemiology of perinatal depression was conducted among Japanese women expecting the first baby (N = 290). The incidence rate of the onset of the DSM-III-R Major Depressive Episode during pregnancy (antenatal depression) and within 3 months after delivery (postnatal depression) were 5.6% and 5.0%, respectively. Women with antenatal depression were characterised by young age and negative attitude towards the current pregnancy, whereas women with postnatal depression were characterised by poor accommodation, dissatisfaction with sex of the newborn baby and with the emotional undermining. Antenatal depression was a major risk factor for postnatal depression.

Keywords: Antenatal depression; postnatal depression; epidemiology. 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Kitamura
    • 1
  • K. Yoshida
    • 2
  • T. Okano
    • 3
  • K. Kinoshita
    • 4
  • M. Hayashi
    • 5
  • N. Toyoda
    • 6
  • M. Ito
    • 7
  • N. Kudo
    • 8
  • K. Tada
    • 9
  • K. Kanazawa
    • 10
  • K. Sakumoto
    • 10
  • S. Satoh
    • 11
  • T. Furukawa
    • 12
  • H. Nakano
    • 13
  1. 1.Department of Clinical Behavioural SciencesKumamoto University Graduate School of Medical SciencesKumamotoJapan
  2. 2.Department of NeuropsychiatryKyushu University HospitalFukuokaJapan
  3. 3.Centre for Health Mie UniversityTsuJapan
  4. 4.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyJuntendo University School of MedicineJuntendoJapan
  5. 5.Center for Maternal, Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama Medical SchoolKoshigawaJapan
  6. 6.Mie UniversityTsuJapan
  7. 7.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyMie University School of MedicineTsuJapan
  8. 8.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyOkayama University Graduate School of Medical SciencesOkayamaJapan
  9. 9.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyNational Hospital Organization Okayama Medical CenterOkayamaJapan
  10. 10.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of the RyukyusOkinawaJapan
  11. 11.Maternity and Perinatal Care UnitKyushu University HospitalKyushuJapan
  12. 12.Department of Psychiatry and Cognitive-Behavioral MedicineNagoya City University Graduate School of Medical SciencesNagoyaJapan
  13. 13.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyGraduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu UniversityKyushuJapan

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