In this paper, we present a pipeline to perform improved QSAR analysis of peptides. The modeling involves a double selection procedure that first performs feature selection and then conducts sample selection before the final regression analysis. Five hundred and thirty-one physicochemical property parameters of amino acids were used as descriptors to characterize the structure of peptides. These high-dimensional descriptors then go through a feature selection process given by the binary matrix shuffling filter (BMSF) to obtain a set of important low-dimensional features. Each descriptor that passes the BMSF filtering also receives a weight defined through its contribution to reduce the estimation error. These selected features served as the predictors for subsequent sample selection and modeling. Based on the weighted Euclidean distances between samples, a common range was determined with high-dimensional semivariogram and then used as a threshold to select the near-neighbor samples from the training set. For each sample to be predicted, the QSAR model was established using SVR with the weighted, selected features based on the exclusive set of near-neighbor training samples. Prediction was conducted for each test sample accordingly. The performances of this pipeline are tested with the QSAR analysis of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and HLA-A*0201 data sets. Improved prediction accuracy was obtained in both applications. This pipeline can optimize the QSAR modeling from both the feature selection and sample selection perspectives. This leads to improved accuracy over single selection methods. We expect this pipeline to have extensive application prospect in the field of regression prediction.
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This work was supported by the Doctoral Foundation of Ministry of Education of China (No. 20124320110002), the Scientific Research Fund of the Hunan Provincial Financial Department (No. 62020411074) and the Postgraduate Scientific Research Innovation Project of Hunan Province, China (No. CX2013B306). The work of H. Wang was partially supported by a grant from the Simons Foundation (#246077).
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Z. Dai and L. Wang authors contributed equally to this work.
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Dai, Z., Wang, L., Chen, Y. et al. A pipeline for improved QSAR analysis of peptides: physiochemical property parameter selection via BMSF, near-neighbor sample selection via semivariogram, and weighted SVR regression and prediction. Amino Acids 46, 1105–1119 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00726-014-1667-5
- Quantitative structure–activity regression
- Feature selection
- Support vector regression