Amino Acids

, Volume 44, Issue 4, pp 1167–1180 | Cite as

4-[18F]Fluoro-N-methyl-N-(propyl-2-yn-1-yl)benzenesulfonamide ([18F]F-SA): a versatile building block for labeling of peptides, proteins and oligonucleotides with fluorine-18 via Cu(I)-mediated click chemistry

Original Article


Cu(I)-mediated [3+2]cycloaddition between azides and alkynes has evolved into a valuable bioconjugation tool in radiopharmaceutical chemistry. We have developed a simple, convenient and reliable radiosynthesis of 4-[18F]fluoro-N-methyl-N-(propyl-2-yn-1-yl)benzenesulfonamide ([18F]F-SA) as a novel aromatic sulfonamide-based click chemistry building block. [18F]F-SA could be prepared in a remotely controlled synthesis unit in 32 ± 5 % decay-corrected radiochemical yield in a total synthesis time of 80 min. The determined lipophilicity of [18F]F-SA (logP = 1.7) allows handling of the radiotracer in aqueous solutions. The versatility of [18F]F-SA as click chemistry building block was demonstrated by the labeling of a model peptide (phosphopeptide), protein (HSA), and oligonucleotide (L-RNA). The obtained radiochemical yields were 77 % (phosphopeptide), 55–60 % (HSA), and 25 % (L-RNA), respectively. Despite the recent emergence of a multitude of highly innovative novel bioconjugation methods for 18F labeling of biopolymers, Cu(I)-mediated click chemistry with [18F]F-SA represents a reliable, robust and efficient radiolabeling technique for peptides, proteins, and oligonucleotides with the short-lived positron emitter 18F.


Cu(I)-mediated click chemistry Fluorine-18 Peptides Proteins Oligonucleotides Positron emission tomography (PET) 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of RadiopharmacyHelmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-RossendorfDresdenGermany
  2. 2.CUP Laboratorien Dr. Freitag GmbHRadebergGermany
  3. 3.Department of OncologyUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

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