Amino Acids

, Volume 42, Issue 5, pp 1803–1808 | Cite as

Effects of red bull energy drink on repeated sprint performance in women athletes

  • Todd A. AstorinoEmail author
  • Angela J. Matera
  • Jency Basinger
  • Mindy Evans
  • Taylor Schurman
  • Rodney Marquez
Original Article


Energy drinks are frequently consumed by athletes prior to competition to improve performance. This study examined the effect of Red Bull™ on repeated sprint performance in women athletes. Fifteen collegiate soccer players participated, with mean age, height, and body mass equal to 19.5 ± 1.1 year, 168.4 ± 5.8 cm, and 63.4 ± 6.1 kg, respectively. After performing a familiarization trial, subjects performed three sets of eight bouts of the modified t test after ingestion of 255 mL of placebo or Red Bull 1 h pre-exercise in a randomized, placebo-controlled crossover design. Throughout testing, sprint time, heart rate (HR), and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) were continuously obtained. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used to examine differences in variables between drink conditions. Across athletes, t test time ranged from 10.4 to 12.7 s. Mean sprint time was similar (p > 0.05) between Red Bull (11.31 ± 0.61 s) and placebo (11.35 ± 0.61 s). HR and RPE increased (p < 0.05) during the bouts, but there was no effect (p > 0.05) of Red Bull on either variable versus placebo. Findings indicate that 255 mL of Red Bull containing 1.3 mg/kg of caffeine and 1 g of taurine does not alter repeated sprint performance, RPE, or HR in women athletes versus placebo. One serving of this energy drink provides no ergogenic benefit for women athletes engaging in sprint-based exercise.


Caffeine Ergogenic Sprint performance Fatigue Women 



The authors thank the athletes for providing outstanding effort during the course of testing.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest in completion of this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Todd A. Astorino
    • 1
    Email author
  • Angela J. Matera
    • 1
  • Jency Basinger
    • 1
  • Mindy Evans
    • 1
  • Taylor Schurman
    • 1
  • Rodney Marquez
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of KinesiologyCalifornia State University San MarcosSan MarcosUSA

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