This study was designed to determine the responses of muscle protein, serum amino acids, and strength performance to bovine colostrum supplementation in physically active men. The rest (R) group (n=6) and the exercise (E) group (n=6) carried out twice a 2-week experiment randomly assigned in a double-blind fashion with either placebo (PLA; consuming daily 20 g maltodextrin) or bovine colostrum (COL; consuming daily 20 g colostrum supplement) treatment with one month between. On the test day after the treatment period the measurements were carried out in fasting conditions and E carried out a strength training session (STS). The methods involved the infusion of ring-2H5-phenylalanine, femoral arterial and venous blood sampling, and biopsies from the vastus lateralis muscle. Serum concentration of essential amino acids during recovery was greater (p<0.05) in the COL groups compared with the PLA groups. Both muscle protein synthesis and breakdown increased (p<0.05) with COL. There were no differences in phenylalanine net balance or strength performance between the PLA and COL groups. It was concluded that a 2-week supplementation with bovine colostrum in physically active men increases serum concentration of essential amino acids but has no effect either on strength performance or protein net balance in fasting conditions during recovery after STS.
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Mero, A., Nykänen, T., Keinänen, O. et al. Protein metabolism and strength performance after bovine colostrum supplementation. Amino Acids 28, 327–335 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00726-005-0179-8
- Keywords: Amino acids – Protein synthesis – Protein breakdown – Physical training