A new mineral hermannjahnite, ideally CuZn(SO4)2, was found in the sublimates of Saranchinaitovaya fumarole, Naboko scoria cone, where the recent Fissure Tolbachik Eruption occurred in 2012–2013. The cotype specimen was found in the Arsenatnaya fumarole, on the Second scoria cone of the Great Tolbachik Fissure Eruption (GTFE 1975–1976). The mineral is named in honour of Hermann Arthur Jahn. Jahn-Teller effect is pronounced in the structure of hermannjahnite. The empirical formula of the holotype hermannjahnite, calculated on the basis of 8 O apfu is: Cu1.00(Zn0.43Cu0.31Mg0.25)∑0.99S2.00O8. Hermannjahnite is optically biaxial (+), α = 1.642(2), β = 1.652(2), γ = 1.675(2) (589 nm) with 2 V (calc.) = 67.6°. Hermannjahnite is monoclinic, P21/n, a = 4.8076(2), b = 8.4785(3), c = 6.7648(3) Å, β = 93.041(3) °, V = 275.35(2) Å3, Z = 2, R 1 = 0.047. The eight strongest lines of the X-ray powder diffraction pattern are (I-d-hkl): 31–4.231-(020), 100–4.177-(110), 72–3.630-(11–1), 25–3.486-(111), 29–2.681-(11–2), 69–2.648-(02–2), 29–2.561-(112), 63–2.428-(130). The structure of hermannjahnite is isotypic to that of dravertite, CuMg(SO4)2, and represents a monoclinically distorted chalcocyanite CuSO4 structure. Crystallographic and structural data on a natural sample of chalcocyanite are provided. Zinc is very close in ionic radii to copper, but the Jahn-Teller effect on Cu2+ causes the segregation of these elements over two symmetrically independent crystallographic sites in hermannjahnite. Bond-length distortion parameters (∆oct) were evaluated for 44 different MO6 (M = Cu, Zn) octahedra in Cu, Zn oxysalt minerals containing Cu- or/and Zn-dominated octahedra. In hermannjahnite CuO6 octahedra exhibit a value of ∆oct × 103 = 14.71, whereas ∆oct × 103 = 0.83 is calculated for ZnO6. In chalcocyanite CuO6 octahedra have a value of ∆oct × 103 = 8.25. Relationships between calculated ∆oct parameters and occupancy of MO6 (M = Cu, Zn) octahedra by Cu2+ and Zn2+ cations in various minerals are evaluated and discussed.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Adiwidjaja G, Friese K, Klaska KH, Schlueter J (1996) The crystal structure of christelite Zn3Cu2(SO4)2(OH)6·4(H2O). Z Kristallogr 211:518–521
Anthony JW, Bideaux RA, Bladh KW, Nichols MC (2003) Handbook of Mineralogy. V. Borates, carbonates, sulfates. Mineral data publishing, Tucson
Braithwaite RSW, Pritchard RG, Paar WH, Pattrick RAD (2005) A new mineral, zincolibethenite, CuZnPO4OH, a stoichiometric species of specific site occupancy. Mineral Mag 69:145–153
Brown ID, Altermatt D (1985) Bond-valence parameters obtained from a systematic analysis of the inorganic crystal structure database. Acta Crystallogr B41:244–247
Burns PC, Hawthorne FC (1995) Coordination geometry pathways in Cu2+ oxysalt minerals. Can Mineral 33:889–905
Burns PC, Hawthorne FC (1996) Static and dynamic Jahn-Teller effects in Cu2+ oxysalt minerals. Can Mineral 34:1089–1105
Burns PC, Pluth JJ, Smith JV, Eng P, Steele I, Housley RM (2000) Quetzalcoatlite: a new octahedral - tetrahedral structure from 2×2×40 μm3 crystal at the advanced photon source - GSE-CARS facility. Am Mineral 85:604–607
Chaplygin IV, Lavrushin VY, Dubinina EO, Bychkova YV, Inguaggiato S, Yudovskaya MA (2016) Geochemistry of volcanic gas at the 2012-13 new Tolbachik eruption, Kamchatka. J Volcanol Geoth Res 323:186–193
Chukanov NV, Pushcharovsky DY, Zubkova NV, Pekov IV, Pasero M, Merlino S, Moeckel S, Rabadanov MK, Belakovskiy DI (2007) Zincolivenite CuZn(AsO4)(OH): a new adamite-group mineral with ordered distribution of Cu and Zn. Doklady Earth Sci 415:841–845
Danisi RM, Armbruster T, Lazic B, Vulic P, Kaindl R, Dimitrijevic R, Kahlenberg V (2013) In situ dehydration behavior of veszelyite (Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)(OH)3·2(H2O): A single-crystal X-ray study. Am Mineral 98:1261–1269
Faraone D, Sabelli C, Zanazzi PF (1967) Su du solfati basici idrati: serpierite e devillite. Rend Acc Naz Lincei 43:369–382
Fedotov SA, Markhinin YK (eds) (1983) The Great Tolbachik fissure eruption. Cambridge University Press, New York
Filatov SK, Karpov GA, Shablinskii AP, Krivovichev SV, Vergasova LP, Antonov AV (2016) Ivsite, Na3H(SO4)2, a new mineral from volcanic exhalations of fumaroles of the fissure Tolbachik eruption of the 50th anniversary of the Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, far East Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences. Dokl Earth Sci 468:632–635
Ghose S, Leo SR, Wan C (1974) Structural chemistry of copper and zinc minerals. Part I. Veszelyite, (Cu0.5Zn0.5)2ZnPO4NOH)3(H2O)3 : a novel type of sheet structure and crystal chemistry of copper-zinc substitution. Am Mineral 59:573–581
Gorelova LA, Vergasova LP, Krivovichev SV, Avdontseva EY, Moskaleva SV, Karpov GA, Filatov SK (2016) Bubnovaite, K2Na8Ca(SO4)6, a new mineral species with modular structure from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka peninsula, Russia. Eur J Mineral 28:677–686
Harding MM, Kariuki BM, Cernik R, Cressey G (1994) The structure of aurichalcite, (Cu,Zn)5(OH)6(CO3)2, determined from a microcrystal. Acta Crystallogr B50:673–676
Hoffmann C, Armbruster T, Giester G (1997) Acentric structure (P3) of bechererite, Zn7Cu(OH)13(SiO(OH)3SO4). Am Mineral 82:1014–1018
Jahn HA, Teller E (1937) Stability of polyatomic molecules in degenerate electronic states. Proc R Soc Lon Ser-A 161:220–235
Karpov GA, Krivovichev SV, Vergasova LP, Chernyat'eva AP, Anikin LP, Moskaleva SV, Filatov SK (2013) Oxysulfates of copper, sodium, and potassium in the lava flows of the 2012-2013 Tolbachik fissure eruption. J Volcanol Seismol 7:362–370
Kovrugin VM, Siidra OI, Colmont M, Mentré O, Krivovichev SV (2015) Emulating exhalative chemistry: synthesis and structural characterization of ilinskite, Na[Cu5O2](SeO3)2Cl3, and its K-analogue. Miner Petrol 109:421–430
Kovrugin VM, Colmont M, Siidra OI, Gurzhiy VV, Krivovichev SV, Mentré O (2017) Pathways for synthesis of new selenium-containing oxocompounds: chemical vapor transport reactions, hydrothermal techniques and evaporation method. J Cryst Growth 457:307–313
Krause W, Bellendorff K, Bernhardt HJ, McCammon C, Effenberger H, Mikenda W (1998) Crystal chemistry of tsumcorite-group minerals. New data on ferrilotharmeyerite, tsumcorite, thometzekite, mounanaite, helmutwinklerite, and a redefinition of gartrellite. Eur J Mineral 10:179–206
Malcherek T, Schlueter J (2013) The keyite crystal structure, revisited. Z Kristallogr 228:620–628
Mellini M, Merlino S (1978) Ktenasite, another mineral with (Cu,Zn)2(OH)3O)−octahedral sheets. Z Kristallogr 147:129–140
Nazarchuk EV, Siidra OI, Agakhanov AA, Lukina EA, Avdontseva EY, Vergasova LP, Filatov SK, Karpov GA (2015) Itelmenite, IMA2015-047. CNMNC newsletter no. 27. Mineral Mag 79:1229–1236
Olmi F, Sabelli C, Trosti-Ferroni R (1995) The crystal structure of sabelliite. Eur J Mineral 7:1331–1337
Palache C, Berman H, Frondel C (1951) The system of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837–1892, 7th edn. Vol. II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York
Peacor DR, Dunn PJ, Ramik RA, Sturman BD, Zeihen LG (1985) Philipsburgite, a new copper zinc arsenate hydrate related to kipushite, from Montana. Can Mineral 23:255–258
Pekov IV, Zubkova NV, Agakhanov AA, Yapaskurt VO, Chukanov NV, Belakovskiy DI, Sidorov EG, Pushcharovsky DY (2017) Dravertite, CuMg(SO4)2, a new mineral species from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Eur J Mineral 29:323–330
Perchiazzi N (2006) Crystal structure determination and Rietveld refinement of rosasite and mcguinessite. Z Kristallogr Suppl 23:505–510
Piret P, Deliens M, Piret-Meunier J (1985) Occurrence and crystal structure of kipushite, a new copper-zinc phosphate from Kipushi, Zaire. Can Mineral 23:35–42
Sabelli C, Zanazzi PF (1968) The crystal structure of serpierite. Acta Crystallogr B 24:1214–1221
Sheldrick GM (2015) Crystal structure refinement with SHELXL. Acta Crystallogr C71:3–8
Siidra OI, Lukina EA, Nazarchuk EV, Depmeier W, Bubnova RS, Agakhanov AA, Avdontseva EY, Filatov SK, Kovrugin VM (2017) Saranchinaite, Na2Cu(SO4)2, a new exhalative mineral from Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia, and a product of the reversible dehydration of kröhnkite, Na2Cu(SO4)2(H2O)2. Mineral Mag. doi:10.1180/minmag.2017.081.037
Toman K (1978) Ordering in olivenite-adamite solid solutions. Acta Crystallogr B 34:715–721
Vergasova LP, Filatov SK (2016) A study of volcanogenic exhalation mineralization. J Volcanol Seismol 10:71–85
Wildner M (1992) On the geometry of Co(II)O6 polyhedra in inorganic compounds. Z Kristallogr 202:51–70
Wildner M, Giester G (1988) Crystal structure refinements of synthetic chalcocyanite (CuSO4) and zincosite (ZnSO4). Miner Petrol 39:201–209
Williams PA, Leverett P, Birch WD, Hibbs DE, Kolitsch U, Mihajlovic T (2006) Zinc-rich zincolibethenite from Broken Hill, new South Wales. Aust J Mineral 12:3–7
Zelenski ME, Zubkova NV, Pekov IV, Boldyreva MM, Pushcharovsky DY, Nekrasov AN (2011) Pseudolyonsite, Cu3(VO4)2, a new mineral species from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka peninsula, Russia. Eur J Mineral 23:475–481
We are grateful to Christian L. Lengauer, an anonymous reviewer, editor-in-chief Lutz Nasdala and handling editor Nikita Chukanov for their valuable comments. Technical support by the St. Petersburg State University X-ray Diffraction and Geomodel Resource Centres is gratefully acknowledged. This work was financially supported by the Russian Science Foundation through grant 16-17-10085.
Editorial handling: N. V. Chukanov
About this article
Cite this article
Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, E.V., Agakhanov, A.A. et al. Hermannjahnite, CuZn(SO4)2, a new mineral with chalcocyanite derivative structure from the Naboko scoria cone of the 2012–2013 fissure eruption at Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Miner Petrol 112, 123–134 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00710-017-0520-4
- Jahn-Teller effect
- Distortion parameters
- Fumarolic minerals
- Tolbachik fissure eruption 2012–2013
- Naboko scoria cone