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Natural carbon nanofibers in graphite

Abstract

Natural carbon nanofibers have been found in diamond-bearing carbonatites from the Chagatay trachyte-carbonatite complex (Uzbekistan) and described using a series of methods, including SEM, TEM, and Raman spectroscopy. The carbon nanofibers occur as tight aggregates within the host graphite, forming natural bulk nano-structural intergrowths. This is the first description of such carbon nanofibers either in nature or in the laboratory. The data from this study suggest a new possible means of diamond formation. These carbon intergrowths could potentially be used as a model for the fabrication of new types of carbon nanostructural material.

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Acknowledgements

The study was principally supported by the Russian Science Support Foundation to T.G.Shumilova. Additional financial support was received from the Program Earth Sciences Department of the Russian Academy of Sciences # 5 (09-T-5-1003) to T.G.Shumilova and S.I.Isaenko. The authors thank J.A. Jaszczak for scientific discussions and help in polishing the text. V.N.Filippov is thanked for assistance in use of the SEM. D. Harlov is thanked for editing the text.

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Correspondence to Tatyana Grygoryevna Shumilova.

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Editorial handling: V. Kahlenberg

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Shumilova, T.G., Isaenko, S.I., Divaev, F.K. et al. Natural carbon nanofibers in graphite. Miner Petrol 104, 155–162 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00710-011-0189-z

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Keywords

  • Raman Band
  • Carbon Nanofibers
  • Graphite Flake
  • Radial Breathing Mode
  • Field Transmission Electron Microscopy Image