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Flower structure, anatomy, and sexuality of Chrysophyllum gonocarpum (Sapotaceae)

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Abstract

The Sapotaceae are a significant component of the humid forests of the Neotropics and have many species of economic interest. Chrysophyllum gonocarpum is one of them and its edible fruits have currently acquired a high commercial value. Since there are no studies that cover its floral anatomy and elucidate its sexual system, the objective of the present study is to describe these aspects based on field observations and a detailed anatomical analysis of their flowers. Conventional techniques of plant anatomy are implemented. The results indicate that the species presents cryptic dioecy, showing specimens with morphologically and functionally pistillate flowers (with reduced staminodes), and trees with morphologically hermaphrodite and functionally staminate flowers. In addition, data on floral nectaries and laticiferous are provided.

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Acknowledgements

We thank Rosemary Scoffield for critically reading the English manuscript.

Funding

This study was funded by PICT-2018–01726 and CONICET (Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Técnicas) grants.

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AMG and PAL provided the general idea of the paper. PAL provided the plant material. AMG provided laboratory supplies and equipment also collected the vouchers deposited at the herbarium. MDJ conducted the field observations, collected and processed the plant material to make the histological preparations, took the microscopy photos, and prepared the figures. MDJ wrote the manuscript. All authors read and approved the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Marina D. Judkevich.

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Judkevich, M.D., Luaces, P.A. & Gonzalez, A.M. Flower structure, anatomy, and sexuality of Chrysophyllum gonocarpum (Sapotaceae). Protoplasma 260, 1271–1285 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00709-023-01848-4

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