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Protoplasma

, Volume 255, Issue 3, pp 953–962 | Cite as

Nano-silicon alters antioxidant activities of soybean seedlings under salt toxicity

  • Salar Farhangi-Abriz
  • Shahram Torabian
Original Article

Abstract

Materials with a particle size less than 100 nm are classified as nano-materials. The physical and chemical properties of nano-materials can vary considerably from those of bulk materials of the same composition. Silicon (Si) still fails to get recognized as an essential nutrient for plant growth and development, however the beneficial effects in terms of growth, biotic and abiotic stress resistance have been indicated in a variety of plant species for their growth. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different nano-silicon rates on the growth and antioxidant activities of soybean (Glycine max L. cv. M7) under salt stress. The results showed that salinity decreased shoot and root dry weight, potassium (K+) concentration in the root and leaf; however, increased sodium (Na+) concentration, catalase, peroxidase, ascorbate peroxidase and superoxide dismutase activities, phenolic components, ascorbic acid and α-tocopherol contents, lipid peroxidation, hydrogen peroxide, and oxygen radical’s concentration. Between the treatments, 0.5 and 1 mM of nanosilicon oxide (nano-SiO2) improved shoot and root growth of seedlings. In contrast, a foliar application of SiO2 at 2 mM reduced the soybean growth. Overall, exogenous nano-silicon alleviated the salt stress by increase in K+ concentration, antioxidant activities, non-enzymatic compounds and decreasing of Na+ concentration, lipid peroxidation, and reactive oxygen species production.

Keywords

α-tocopherol Lipid peroxidation Phenolic components Potassium concentration Superoxide dismutase 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to Dr. Judith Rathjen for the help in improving the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant Eco-physiology, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of TabrizTabrizIran
  2. 2.Department of Agronomy, College of AgricultureIsfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran

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