Changes to virus taxonomy and to the International Code of Virus Classification and Nomenclature ratified by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2021)

Abstract

This article reports the changes to virus taxonomy approved and ratified by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) in March 2021. The entire ICTV was invited to vote on 290 taxonomic proposals approved by the ICTV Executive Committee at its meeting in October 2020, as well as on the proposed revision of the International Code of Virus Classification and Nomenclature (ICVCN). All proposals and the revision were ratified by an absolute majority of the ICTV members. Of note, ICTV mandated a uniform rule for virus species naming, which will follow the binomial 'genus-species' format with or without Latinized species epithets. The Study Groups are requested to convert all previously established species names to the new format. ICTV has also abolished the notion of a type species, i.e., a species chosen to serve as a name-bearing type of a virus genus. The remit of ICTV has been clarified through an official definition of ‘virus’ and several other types of mobile genetic elements. The ICVCN and ICTV Statutes have been amended to reflect these changes.

Introduction

Changes to virus taxonomy (the universal scheme of virus classification of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses [ICTV]) take place annually and are the result of a multi-stage process. In accordance with the ICTV Statutes (https://ictv.global/statutes.asp), taxonomic proposals (TaxoProps) submitted to the ICTV Executive Committee (EC) undergo a review process that involves input from the ICTV Study Groups (SGs) and Subcommittees (SCs), other interested virologists, and the EC. After final approval by the EC, proposals are presented for ratification to the full ICTV membership by posting on the ICTV website (https://ictv.global/), followed by an electronic vote.

The latest set of proposals approved by the EC was made available on the ICTV website in February 2021 (see https://ictv.global/proposal/MSL36/ for all proposals combined into a single zip file, and use the links provided in the References to access individual proposals). A list of proposals was then emailed on 3rd February 2021 to the 176 members of ICTV, namely the EC Members, Life Members, ICTV SC Members including the SG chairs, and ICTV National Representatives. Members were then requested to vote on whether to ratify the taxonomic proposals. Voting closed on 5th March 2021.

Changes to virus taxonomy, to the International Code of Virus Classification and Nomenclature, and to the ICTV Statutes ratified in 2021

All proposals were ratified by ICTV members, in every case receiving an absolute majority of votes; at least 60% of eligible voters approved each proposal. A summary of the taxonomy changes enacted by ratification of the proposals is provided in Table 1. Each proposal is cited and listed in the References to acknowledge the authors’ efforts and to provide links to the specific proposal on the ICTV website [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49,50,51,52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61,62,63,64,65,66,67,68,69,70,71,72,73,74,75,76,77,78,79,80,81,82,83,84,85,86,87,88,89,90,91,92,93,94,95,96,97,98,99,100,101,102,103,104,105,106,107,108,109,110,111,112,113,114,115,116,117,118,119,120,121,122,123,124,125,126,127,128,129,130,131,132,133,134,135,136,137,138,139,140,141,142,143,144,145,146,147,148,149,150,151,152,153,154,155,156,157,158,159,160,161,162,163,164,165,166,167,168,169,170,171,172,173,174,175,176,177,178,179,180,181,182,183,184,185,186,187,188,189,190,191,192,193,194,195,196,197,198,199,200,201,202,203,204,205,206,207,208,209,210,211,212,213,214,215,216,217,218,219,220,221,222,223,224,225,226,227,228,229,230,231,232,233,234,235,236,237,238,239,240,241,242,243,244,245,246,247,248,249,250,251,252,253,254,255,256,257,258,259,260,261,262,263,264,265,266,267,268,269,270,271,272,273,274,275,276,277,278,279,280,281,282,283,284,285,286,287,288,289,290,291,292,293,294,295,296,297]. These documents remain available for those who wish to see the full details of the proposals. A ratified non-taxonomic proposal 2020.002G [3] specifies a novel procedure for expedited correction of unintended errors that may occur during proposal writing but clearly do not reflect the intention of the proposers, as described in the submitted proposal documentation. Examples of such errors include assignment of a lower-rank taxon to an incorrect higher rank, inadvertent introduction of duplicate taxon names, or assignment of a misspelled taxon name. Since the changes ratified by ICTV take effect immediately, this mechanism was used to correct seven proposals that relate to proposals ratified in March 2021 but were found to contain errors upon cross-checking [18, 53, 54, 66, 254, 255, 297].

Table 1 Summary of taxonomic changes approved in March 2021

A notable change approved this year is the adoption of a uniform binomial format for naming of virus species [1]. Previously, virologists have not been required to follow the convention of species naming that has been established in other fields of biology, whereby the species name consists of the genus name separated by a space from a species epithet that identifies the species within that genus. Over the last several decades, the case for a standardized nomenclature for virus species has been acknowledged by the ICTV and by many other virologists, but a uniform format of the species names had not been adopted (see references [298,299,300,301,302,303,304] for an incomplete but relatively representative account of the opinion spectrum). The case for a binomial nomenclature was presented by the ICTV Executive Committee in 2018 and 2020, and the advantages and disadvantages of different naming formats within the binomial framework were discussed [305, 306]. The EC then invited comments on this position from the virology community. Comments from ICTV SGs were also solicited and received by the EC SCs. Debates of the merits of various forms of binomial nomenclature took place in social media (e.g., 307) and in journal publications [308, 309]. Taking these discussions and comments into account, ICTV ratified the adoption of a standardized binomial system, which may follow either Latinized or free form formats [1]. The ICTV SGs are now charged with conversion of all existing virus species names to the new binomial form; the process has started already and is expected to be completed in time to be considered by an EC meeting planned for 2023. It is worth emphasizing that this system concerns only the names of virus species but does not affect the names of viruses.

Another general proposal [2] was the abolition of the requirement for a type species—a designated nomenclatural type for each genus. The ICTV noted that the requirement for type species in virus taxonomy was largely historical. Most importantly, the ICVCN defines virus species as follows: “A species is a monophyletic group of viruses whose properties can be distinguished from those of other species by multiple criteria", suggesting that the emphasis on “defining” a genus has been shifting from the properties of any particular member to the closeness of molecular and ecological relationships between all genus members. The ICTV concluded that the concept of a type species no longer serves a clear and useful purpose in virology and voted to abolish it.

One more proposal [4] has clarified the remit of the ICTV. In addition to viruses, ICTV has been classifying viroids and virus satellites, though none of these mobile genetic elements, including viruses themselves, have been operationally defined, leaving the limits of the ICTV scope unclear. This has been clarified now by giving operational definitions of viruses sensu stricto, viriforms, viroids, and satellites. These entities together constitute the virosphere and are within the remit of the ICTV responsibilities for their classification, taxonomy and nomenclature. The historical name of the organization—the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses—remains unchanged.

Conclusion

All proposals submitted to ratification were ratified by an absolute majority of the ICTV, and the changes are now part of official ICTV taxonomy. An up-to-date list of all approved taxa, which now includes more than 9000 virus species, can be found on the ICTV website: see https://ictv.global/proposal/MSL36/ for the Master Species List and https://ictv.global/vmr/ for the Virus Metadata Resource.

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    Bojko J, Smagghe G, Kuhn JH (2020) Create two new species in the genus Lincruvirus (Bunyavirales: Cruliviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.002M.R.Lincruvirus_2nsp.zip. Jamie.Bojko@ufl.edu

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    Walker PJ, Blasdell KR, Breyta R, Dietzgen RG, Freitas-Astúa J, Kuzmin IV, Tesh RB, Tordo N, Vasilakis N, Shi M (2020) Create ten new species in the genus Sigmavirus (Mononegavirales: Rhabdoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.003M.R.Sigmavirus_10nsp.zip. peter.walker@uq.edu.au

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    Walker PJ, Blasdell KR, Dietzgen RG, Freitas-Astúa J, Kondo H, Kuzmin IV, Tesh RB, Vasilakis N, Whitfield AE (2020) Create three new species in the genus Ohlsrhavirus (Mononegavirales: Rhabdoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.007M.R.Ohlsrhavirus_3nsp.zip. peter.walker@uq.edu.au

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    Walker PJ, Blasdell KR, Dietzgen RG, Kondo H, Kuzmin IV, Tesh RB, Vasilakis N, Whitfield AE (2020) Create one new species (Hyalomma lostrhavirus) in the genus Lostrhavirus (Mononegavirales: Rhabdoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.010M.R.Lostrhavirus_1nsp.zip. peter.walker@uq.edu.au

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    Walker PJ, Blasdell KR, Dietzgen RG, Fooks AR, Freitas-Astúa J, Kondo H, Kuzmin IV, Tesh RB, Vasilakis N, Whitfield AE (2020) Create one new genus (Merhavirus) including two new species (Mononegavirales: Rhabdoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.015M.R.Merhavirus_1gen2nsp.zip. peter.walker@uq.edu.au

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    Walker PJ, Blasdell KR, Breyta R, Dietzgen RG, Fooks AR, Freitas-Astúa J, Kondo H, Kurath G, Kuzmin IV, Stone DM, Tesh RB, Tordo N, Vasilakis N, Whitfield AE (2020) Create three new subfamilies in the family Rhabdoviridae (Mononegavirales) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.016M.R.Rhabdoviridae_3subfam.zip. peter.walker@uq.edu.au

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    Shi Z-L, Kuhn JH, Lukashevich IS, Clegg JCS, Gonzalez J-PJ, de la Torre JCC, Hepojoki J, Salvato M, Stenglein M, Buchmeier MJ, Charrel RN, Radoshitzky SRR, Günther S, Romanowski V, de Lamballerie X, Sironi M, Agwanda B (2020) Create one new species in genus Mammarenavirus (Bunyavirales: Arenaviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.017M.R.Mammarenavirus.zip. zlshi@wh.iov.cn

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    Mordecai GJ, Miller KM, Di Cicco E, Schulze AD, Kaukinen KH, Ming TJ, Li S, Tabata A, Teffer A, Patterson DA, Ferguson HW, Suttle CA (2020) Create one new species in genus Antennavirus (Bunyavirales: Arenaviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.018M.R.Antennavirus.zip. gidmord@gmail.com

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    Hepojoki J (2020) Create two new species in the genus Hartmanivirus (Bunyavirales: Arenaviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.019M.R.Hartmanivirus.zip. jussi.hepojoki@helsinki.fi

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    Walker PJ, Bennett AJ, Kuhn JH, Goldberg TL (2020) Create one new species (Bughendera ledantevirus) in the genus Ledantevirus (Mononegavirales: Rhabdoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.021M.R.Ledantevirus_1nsp.zip. peter.walker@uq.edu.au

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    Marklewitz M, Tchouassi DP, Torto B, Sang R, Junglen S (2020) Create four new species in the genus Phlebovirus (Bunyavirales: Phenuiviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.022M.R.Phlebovirus_4sp.zip. sandra.junglen@charite.de

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    Walker PJ, Blasdell KR, Dietzgen RG, Freitas-Astúa J, Kondo H, Kurath G, Kuzmin IV, Tesh RB, Tordo N, Vasilakis N, Whitfield AE (2020) Create seven new genera (Alphacrustrhavirus, Alphadrosrhavirus, Alphahymrhavirus, Betahymrhavirus, Betanemrhavirus, Betapaprhavirus and Betaricinrhavirus) including 16 new species (Mononegavirales: Rhabdoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.023M.R.Rhabdoviridae_7ngen_16nsp.zip. peter.walker@uq.edu.au

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    Dietzgen RG, Kondo H, Kuhn JH, Vasilakis N, Jiang D, Junglen S (2020) Create one new species in the genus Nyavirus and four new species in one new genus Formivirus (Mononegavirales: Nyamiviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.024M.R.Nyamiviridae_1ngen_5nsp.zip. r.dietzgen@uq.edu.au

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    Maes P, Bradfute P, Calisher CH, Klempa B, Klingström J, Laenen L, Song JW, Zhang YZ (2020) Create five new species in subfamily Mammantavirinae (Bunyavirales: Hantaviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.025M.R.Hantaviridae_5nsp.zip. piet.maes@kuleuven.be

  50. 50.

    Di Paola N, Dheilly NM, Kuhn JH, Junglen S, Paraskevopoulou S, Postler TS, Shi M (2020) Reorganize the order to include four new families, 18 new genera, and 22 new species (Jingchuvirales) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.026M.R.Jingchuvirales.zip. nicholas.dipaola.ctr@mail.mil

  51. 51.

    Marklewitz M, Paraskevopoulou S, Alkhovsky SV, Avšič-Županc T, Bente D, Bergeron É, Burt F, Ergünay K, Garrison AR, Hewson R, Mirazami A, Palacios G, Papa A, Pawęska JT, Sall AA, Spengler J, Di Paola N, Kuhn JH (2020) Create four new genera and 30 new species (Bunyavirales: Nairoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.027M.R.Nairoviridae_4ngen_30nsp.zip. marco.marklewitz@charite.de

  52. 52.

    Marklewitz M, Paraskevopoulou S, Briese T, Charrel RN, Choi I-R, De Lamballerie X, Ebihara H, Gāo GF, Groschup MH, Jonson GB, Nunes MRT, Palacios G, Sasaya T, Shirako Y, Song J-W, Wèi T, Zerbini M, Zhou X, Kuhn JH (2020) Create one new genus and 16 new species (Bunyavirales: Phenuiviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.029M.R.Phenuiviridae_1gen16sp.zip. marco.marklewitz@charite.de

  53. 53.

    Kuhn JH (2021) Correct errors inadvertently introduced into phylum Negarnaviricota taxonomy https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.030M.R.Negarnaviricota_corrections.zip. kuhnjens@mail.nih.gov

  54. 54.

    Walker PJ (2021) Correct an error in the spreadsheet for ratified proposal 2020.016M (Mononegavirales: Rhabdoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.031M.R.Corrections_Rhabdoviridae.zip. peter.walker@uq.edu.au

  55. 55.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg AM, Oberste MS, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers KC, Woo PCY (2020) Create one new genus (Caecilivirus) including one new species (Picornavirales: Picornaviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.001S.R.Caecilivirus_1ngen1nsp.zip. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de

  56. 56.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg AM, Oberste MS, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers KC, Woo PCY (2020) Create three new genera (Danipivirus, Pygoscepivirus, Rajidapivirus) including three new species (Picornavirales: Picornaviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.002S.R.Danipi-Pygoscepi-Rajidapivirus_3ngen3nsp.zip. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de

  57. 57.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg AM, Oberste MS, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers KC, Woo PCY (2020) Create one new species (Fipivirus F) in the genus Fipivirus (Picornavirales: Picornaviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.003S.R.Fipivirus_1nsp.zip. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de

  58. 58.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg AM, Oberste MS, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers KC, Woo PCY (2020) Create one new species (Grusopivirus C) in the genus Grusopivirus (Picornavirales: Picornaviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.004S.R.Grusopivirus_1nsp.zip. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de

  59. 59.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg AM, Oberste MS, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers KC, Woo PCY (2020) Create one new species (Limnipivirus D) in the genus Limnipivirus (Picornavirales: Picornaviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.005S.R.Limnipivirus_1nsp.zip. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de

  60. 60.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg AM, Oberste MS, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers KC, Woo PCY (2020) Create one new genus (Marsupivirus) including one new species (Picornavirales: Picornaviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.006S.R.Marsupivirus_1ngen1nsp.zip. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de

  61. 61.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg AM, Oberste MS, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers KC, Woo PCY (2020) Create one new species (Mischivirus E) in the genus Mischivirus (Picornavirales: Picornaviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.007S.R.Mischivirus_1nsp.zip. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de

  62. 62.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg AM, Oberste MS, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers KC, Woo PCY (2020) Create one new species (Pemapivirus B) in the genus Pemapivirus (Picornavirales: Picornaviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.008S.R.Pemapivirus_1nsp.zip. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de

  63. 63.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg AM, Oberste MS, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers KC, Woo PCY (2020) Create one new species (Tropivirus B) in the genus Tropivirus (Picornavirales: Picornaviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.009S.R.Tropivirus_1nsp.zip. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de

  64. 64.

    Tschá MK, Suzukawa AA, Gräf T, Piancini LDS, Silva AM, Faoro H, Riediger IN, Medeiros LC, Wowk PF, Zanluca C, Duarte dos Santos CN (2020) Create one new species (Caaingua virus) in the genus Alphavirus (Martellivirales: Togaviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.010S.R.Caaingua_virus_1nsp.zip. claudia.dossantos@fiocruz.br

  65. 65.

    Bennett AJ, Paskey AC, Ebinger A, Kuhn JH, Bishop-Lilly KA, Beer M, Goldberg TL (2020) Create two new species and rename one species in genus Rubivirus (Hepelivirales: Matonaviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.011S.R.Rubivirus_nspp.zip. tony.goldberg@wisc.edu

  66. 66.

    Brinton MA (2020) Correct errors in previous proposals (Nidovirales: Arteriviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.014S.R.Arteriviridae_corr.zip. mbrinton@gsu.edu

  67. 67.

    Dyall-Smith ML, Witte A, Oesterhelt D, Pfeiffer F (2020) Create two new species in the genus Myohalovirus (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.001B.R.Myohalovirus.zip. mike.dyallsmith@gmail.com

  68. 68.

    Dyall-Smith ML, Tang S-L (2020) Create one new genus (Haloferacalesvirus) including five new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.002B.R.Haloferacalesvirus.zip. mike.dyallsmith@gmail.com

  69. 69.

    Lehman SM, Adriaenssens EM (2020) Abolish the species Pseudomonas virus 42 (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.003B.R.Abolish_Ps_virus_42.zip. susan.lehman@fda.hhs.gov

  70. 70.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Kropinski AM, Turner D (2020) Abolish the genus Viunavirus, move six existing species to the genus Kuttervirus and create 30 new species (Caudovirales: Ackermannviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.004B.R.Ackermannviridae_reassessment.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  71. 71.

    Maina AN, Kropinski AM, Tolstoy I, Adriaenssens EM, Moraru C, Turner D (2020) Create six new genera (Caudovirales: Ackermannviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.005B.R.Ackermannviridae.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  72. 72.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Moraru C (2020) Correct minor errors in the taxonomy of four actinobacteriophage-related genera (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.006B.R.Actinobacteriophages_correct_taxa.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  73. 73.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moineau S, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Agmunavirus) including one species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.007B.R.Agmunavirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  74. 74.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Alachuavirus) including one species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.008B.R.Alachuavirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  75. 75.

    Krupovic M (2020) Create two new species in the genus Bottigliavirus (Ampullaviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.009B.R.Ampullaviridae.zip. mart.krupovic@pasteur.fr

  76. 76.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Łobocka M, Moraru C, Barylski J, Tong Y, Kropinski AM, Turner D (2020) Create one new genus (Anjalivirus) including two species (Caudovirales: Podoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.010B.R.Anjalivirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  77. 77.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Annadreamyvirus) including two species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.011B.R.Annadreamyvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  78. 78.

    Adriaenssens EM, Turner D, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Arawnvirus) including one species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.012B.R.Arawnvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  79. 79.

    Lehman SM, Petit MA, Lossouarn J, Tong Y, Tolstoy I, Adriaenssens EM (2020) Create ten new genera (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.013B.R.Assorted_Siphoviridae.zip. susan.lehman@fda.hhs.gov

  80. 80.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Łobocka M, Moraru C, Barylski J, Tong Y, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Astrithrvirus) including one species (Caudovirales: Podoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.014B.R.Astrithrvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  81. 81.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Lueder M, Mahony J, Neve H, Moineau S, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Audreyjarvisvirus) including seven species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.015B.R.Audreyjarvisvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  82. 82.

    Kauffman KM, Hussain FA, Yang J, Arevalo P, Brown JM, Chang WK, Van Insberghe D, Elsherbini J, Sharma RS, Cutler MB, Kelly L, Polz MF (2020) Create one new family (Autolykiviridae) of non-tailed dsDNA bacterial viruses in the double jelly roll fold major capsid lineage https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.016B.R.Autolykiviridae.zip. kmkauffm@buffalo.edu

  83. 83.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Ayohtrevirus) including one species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.017B.R.Ayohtrevirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  84. 84.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Moraru C, Łobocka M (2020) Create one new subfamily (Azeredovirinae) including one new genus (Dubowvirus) (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.018B.R.Azeredovirinae.zip. lobocka@ibb.waw.pl

  85. 85.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Łobocka M, Moraru C, Barylski J, Tong Y, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Badaztecvirus) including two species (Caudovirales: Podoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.019B.R.Badaztecvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  86. 86.

    Adriaenssens EM, Turner D, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM (2020) Split the genus Barnyardvirus into three genera, two of which (Konstantinevirus, Predatorvirus) are new (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.020B.R.Barnyardvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  87. 87.

    Kropinski AM, Tolstoy I, Adriaenssens EM, Turner D, Barylski J (2020) Create one new genus (Beceayunavirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.021B.R.Beceayunavirus.zip. Jakub.Barylski@gmail.com

  88. 88.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM Barylski J (2020) Create one new genus (Becedseptimavirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.022B.R.Becedseptimavirus.zip. Jakub.Barylski@gmail.com

  89. 89.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new subfamily (Beephvirinae) including three new genera (Caudovirales: Podoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.023B.R.Beephvirinae.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  90. 90.

    Kropinski AM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Adriaenssens EM (2020) Create one new genus (Borockvirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.024B.R.Borockvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  91. 91.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Moraru C, Łobocka M (2020) Create one new subfamily (Bronfenbrennervirinae) including the new genus Peeveelvirus (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.025B.R.Bronfenbrennervirinae.zip. lobocka@ibb.waw.pl

  92. 92.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Burrovirus) including three new species (Caudovirales: Podoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.026B.R.Burrovirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  93. 93.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Barylski J (2020) Create one new genus (Camtrevirus) including three new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.027B.R.Camtrevirus.zip. Jakub.Barylski@gmail.com

  94. 94.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Wittmann J, Buttimer C, Coffey A (2020) Create one new genus (Cbunavirus) including four new species (Caudovirales: Schitoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.028B.R.Cbunavirus.zip. jow12@dsmz.de

  95. 95.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Turner D, Lueder M, Mahony J, Neve H, Moineau S, Kropinski AM (2020) Create 34 new species in the genus Ceduovirus (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.029B.R.Ceduovirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  96. 96.

    Anany H, Moraru C, Turner D, Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM (2020) Create two new subfamilies and three new genera (Caudovirales: Chaseviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.030B.R.Chaseviridae_new_taxa.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  97. 97.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner, D Kropinski AM, Moraru C (2020) Reassessment of the genus Cheoctovirus and formation of one new genus Avanivirus (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.031B.R.Cheoctovirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  98. 98.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Lueder M, Moineau S, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Chertseyvirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.032B.R.Chertseyvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  99. 99.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Moraru C (2020) Create nine new species in the genus Chivirus (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.033B.R.Chivirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  100. 100.

    Kropinski AM, Tolstoy I, Adriaenssens EM, Moineau S, Mahony J, Lueder M, Neve H (2020) Create one new genus (Chopinvirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Podoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.034B.R.Chopinvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  101. 101.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Taxonomic analysis of the myoviruses infecting Clostridioides difficile (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.035B.R.Clostridioides_myoviruses.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  102. 102.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus of Mycobacterium siphoviruses (Cornievirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.036B.R.Cornievirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  103. 103.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Correction of errors in the master species list (Caudovirales) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.037B.R.Correction_MSL_Errors.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  104. 104.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Łobocka M (2020) Create one new genus (Coventryvirus) including seven new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.038B.R.Coventryvirus.zip. lobocka@ibb.waw.pl

  105. 105.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create three new genera (Cukevirus, Indlulamithivirus and Fowlmouthvirus) each with one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.040B.R.Cukevirus_Fowlmouthvirus_Indlulamithivirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  106. 106.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new subfamily (Deejayvirinae) including three new genera (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.041B.R.Deejayvirinae.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  107. 107.

    Caruso SM, deCarvalho TN, Erill I, Gill J, Gillis A (2020) Create two new genera (Deltatectivirus and Epsilontectivirus) including three new species (Kalamavirales: Tectiviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.042B.R.Deltatectivirus_Epsilontectivirus.zip. scaruso@umbc.edu

  108. 108.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create 29 new species in two existing genera (Caudovirales: Demerecviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.043B.R.Demerecviridae_new_species.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  109. 109.

    Wittmann J, Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Dendoorenvirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Schitoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.044B.R.Dendoorenvirus.zip. Johannes.Wittmann@dsmz.de

  110. 110.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Barylski J, Gillis A (2020) Create one new genus (Deurplevirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.045B.R.Deurplevirus.zip. Annika.gillis@gmail.com

  111. 111.

    Sadunishvili T, Kvesitadze G, Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Truncaitė L, Šimoliūnas E (2020) Create one new genus (Dibbivirus) including three new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.046B.R.Dibbivirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  112. 112.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Barylski J (2020) Create one new genus (Donellivirus) to include the species Bacillus virus G (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.047B.R.Donellivirus.zip. Jakub.Barylski@gmail.com

  113. 113.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C Kropinski AM (2020) Create five new genera (Caudovirales: Drexlerviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.048B.R.Drexlerviridae_new_genera.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  114. 114.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new species in the genus Ruthyvirus (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.049B.R.Dumpstervirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  115. 115.

    Wittmann J, Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Eceepunavirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Schitoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.050B.R.Eceepunavirus.zip. Johannes.Wittmann@dsmz.de

  116. 116.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new subfamily (Eekayvirinae) including two new genera (Caudovirales: Podoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.051B.R.Eekayvirinae.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  117. 117.

    Kropinski AM, Tolstoy I, Adriaenssens EM, Barylski J (2020) Create one new genus (Elmenteitavirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.052B.R.Elmenteitavirus.zip. Jakub.Barylski@gmail.com

  118. 118.

    Kropinski AM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Adriaenssens EM (2020) Create one new subfamily (Emmerichvirinae) including two new genera (Ishigurovirus and Ceceduovirus) (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.053B.R.Emmerichvirinae.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  119. 119.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Moraru C, Wittmann J (2020) Create one subfamily (Enquatrovirinae) including three new genera (Caudovirales: Schitoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.054B.R.Enquatrovirinae.zip. jow12@dsmz.de

  120. 120.

    Kirchberger PC, Ochman H (2020) Create one new genus (Enterogokushovirus) in the subfamily Gokushovirinae (Microviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.055B.R.Enterogokushovirus.zip. pkirchberger@utexas.edu

  121. 121.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Moraru C, Wittmann J (2020) Create one new subfamily (Erskinevirinae) including two genera (Caudovirales: Podoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.056B.R.Erskinevirinae.zip. jow12@dsmz.de

  122. 122.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Kropinski AM, Tsourkas PK, Barylski J (2020) Create 12 new species in the genus Fernvirus (formerly Sitaravirus) (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.057B.R.Fernvirus_12nsp.zip. Jakub.Barylski@gmail.com

  123. 123.

    Nilsson E, Holmfeldt K (2020) Create six new genera including five new species in the genus Muminvirus, six new species in the genus Lillamyvirus, one new species in the genus Hattifnattvirus, two new species in the genus Pippivirus, one new species in the genus Tantvirus and one new species in the genus Labanvirus (Caudovirales) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.058B.R.Flavobacterium_phages.zip. karin.holmfeldt@lnu.se

  124. 124.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Turner D, Lueder M, Mahony J, Neve H, Moineau S, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Fremauxvirus) including two new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.059B.R.Fremauxvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  125. 125.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Jang HB, Sullivan MB, Moraru C, Wittmann J (2020) Create one new subfamily (Fuhrmanvirinae) including two new genera (Caudovirales: Schitoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.060B.R.Fuhrmanvirinae.zip. jow12@dsmz.de

  126. 126.

    Kropinski AM, Turner D, Adriaenssens EM (2020) Create one new genus (Fukuivirus) including one new species and one existing species (Microcystis virus Ma-LMM01) (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.061B.R.Fukuivirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  127. 127.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Gilsonvirus) including two new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.062B.R.Gilsonvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  128. 128.

    Krupovic M, Baquero DP, Prangishvili D (2020) Rename the genus Alphaglobulovirus and create two new species (Globuloviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.063B.R.Globuloviridae.zip. mart.krupovic@pasteur.fr

  129. 129.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Tsourkas PK (2020) Create one new subfamily (Gochnauervirinae) including four genera (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.064B.R.Gochnauervirinae.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  130. 130.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Moraru C (2020) Create one new subfamily (Gorgonvirinae) including two genera (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.065B.R.Gorgonvirinae.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  131. 131.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Łobocka M, Moraru C, Barylski J, Tong Y, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new family (Guelinviridae) of Clostridium phages including one new subfamily, four new genera and nine new species (Caudovirales) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.066B.R.Guelinviridae.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  132. 132.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Barylski J (2020) Create one new subfamily (Gutmannvirinae) including two new genera and three new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.067B.R.Gutmannvirinae.zip. Jakub.Barylski@gmail.com

  133. 133.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Kropinski AM, Tsourkas PK, Barylski J (2020) Rename the genus Halcyonevirus (formerly Trippvirus) and create four new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.068B.R.Halcyonevirus.zip. Jakub.Barylski@gmail.com

  134. 134.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Kropinski AM (2020) Create 13 new species in the genus Hanrivervirus (Caudovirales: Drexlerviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.069B.R.Hanrivervirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  135. 135.

    Lehman SM, Petit MA, Lossouarn J, Tong Y, Tolstoy I, Adriaenssens E (2020) Promote the genus Hendrixvirus to the rank of subfamily (Hendrixvirinae) and establish nine new genera (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.070B.R.Hendrixvirinae.zip. susan.lehman@fda.hhs.gov

  136. 136.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Henunavirus) including two new species in the subfamily Vequintavirinae (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.071B.R.Henunavirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  137. 137.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Moraru C, Hertel R, Lehman SM, Barylski J (2020) Create 13 new genera and move two genera (Caudovirales: Herelleviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.072B.R.Herelleviridae.zip. Jakub.Barylski@gmail.com

  138. 138.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Hnatkovirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.073B.R.Hnatkovirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  139. 139.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Barylski J (2020) Create one new genus (Hubeivirus) including two new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.074B.R.Hubeivirus.zip. Jakub.Barylski@gmail.com

  140. 140.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Moraru C, Wittmann J (2020) Create one new genus (Huelvavirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Schitoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.075B.R.Huelvavirus.zip. jow12@dsmz.de

  141. 141.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Moraru C, Wittmann J (2020) Create one new subfamily (Humphriesvirinae) including three existing genera (Caudovirales: Schitoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.076B.R.Humphriesvirinae.zip. jow12@dsmz.de

  142. 142.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C Kropinski AM (2020) Create three new species in the genus Ilzatvirus (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.077B.R.Ilzatvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  143. 143.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Barylski J (2020) Create one new genus (Jarrellvirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.078B.R.Jarrellvirus.zip. Jakub.Barylski@gmail.com

  144. 144.

    Adriaenssens EM,Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Morozova V, Barylski J (2020) Create one new genus (Kamchatkavirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.079B.R.Kamchatkavirus.zip. Jakub.Barylski@gmail.com

  145. 145.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Turner D (2020) Create one new genus (Kanagawavirus) including two new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.080B.R.Kanagawavirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  146. 146.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Karimacvirus) including five new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.081B.R.Karimacvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  147. 147.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Neve H, Franz CMAP, Sprotte S (2020) Create one new genus (Knuthellervirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.082B.R.Knuthellervirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  148. 148.

    Kropinski AM, Turner D, Adriaenssens EM (2020) Create one new genus (Kozyakovvirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Podoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.083B.R.Kozyakovvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  149. 149.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Kuleanavirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.084B.R.Kuleanavirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  150. 150.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Kungbxnavirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.085B.R.Kungbxnavirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  151. 151.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Kylevirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.086B.R.Kylevirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  152. 152.

    Kabwe M, Petrovski S, Tucci J, Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Lahexavirus) including four new species (Caudovirales: Podoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.087B.R.Lahexavirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  153. 153.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Lambovirus) including five new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.088B.R.Lambovirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  154. 154.

    Kropinski AM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Adriaenssens EM (2020) Create 12 new genera including 17 new species for Lactobacillus viruses (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.089B.R.Lactobacillus_siphoviruses.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  155. 155.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Kropinski AM (2020) Create three new species in the genus Laroyevirus (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.090B.R.Laroyevirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  156. 156.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Lastavirus) including two new species (Caudovirales: Podoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.091B.R.Lastavirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  157. 157.

    Kropinski AM, Tolstoy I, Adriaenssens EM, Kabwe M, Tucci J (2020) Create one new genus (Latrobevirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.092B.R.Latrobevirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  158. 158.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Leicestervirus) including three new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.093B.R.Leicestervirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  159. 159.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Seongbukvirus) including one new species and create four new species of Leuconostoc phages in two existing genera (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.094B.R.Leuconostoc_siphoviruses.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  160. 160.

    Callanan J, Stockdale SR, Adriaenssens EM, Kuhn JH, Rumnieks J, Shkoporov A, Draper LA, Ross RP, Hill C (2020) Rename one class (Leviviricetes - formerly Allassoviricetes), rename one order (Norzivirales - formerly Levivirales), create one new order (Timlovirales), and expand the class to a total of six families, 420 genera and 883 species https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.095B.R.Leviviricetes.zip. c.hill@ucc.ie

  161. 161.

    Truncaitė L, Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Šimoliūnas E (2020) Create one new genus (Lietduovirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.096B.R.Lietduovirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  162. 162.

    Wittmann J, Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Littlefixvirus) containing one new species (Caudovirales: Schitoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.097B.R.Littlefixvirus.zip. Johannes.Wittmann@dsmz.de

  163. 163.

    Kropinski AM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Adriaenssens EM (2020) Create one new genus (Marfavirus) including two new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.098B.R.Marfavirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  164. 164.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new species in the genus Marthavirus (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.099B.R.Marthavirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  165. 165.

    Oksanen HM, Krupovic M, Jalasvuori M (2020) Create one new family (Matsushitaviridae) including one renamed genus (Hukuchivirus – formerly Gammasphaerolipovirus) moved from the family Sphaerolipoviridae (Halopanivirales) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.100B.R.Matsushitaviridae.zip. matti.jalasvuori@jyu.fi

  166. 166.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Ramsey J (2020) Create one new genus (Menderavirus) including three new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.101B.R.Menderavirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  167. 167.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Moraru C, Wittmann J (2020) Create one new subfamily (Migulavirinae) including two existing genera (Caudovirales: Schitoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.102B.R.Migulavirinae.zip. jow12@dsmz.de

  168. 168.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM Ramsey J (2020) Create one new genus (Moabitevirus) including two new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.103B.R.Moabitevirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  169. 169.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Moturavirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.104B.R.Moturavirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  170. 170.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Mufasoctovirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.105B.R.Mufasoctovirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  171. 171.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Ramsey J (2020) Create one new genus (Muldoonvirus) including two new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.106B.R.Muldoonvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  172. 172.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Mydovirus) including six new species in the subfamily Vequintavirinae (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.107B.R.Mydovirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  173. 173.

    Gonzalez-Serrano R, Dunne M, Rosselli R, Martin-Cuadrado A-B, Grosboillot V, Zinsli LV, Roda-Garcia JJ, Loessner MJ, Rodriguez-Valera F (2020) Create one new genus (Myoalterovirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.108B.R.Myoalterovirus.zip. rafael.gonzalezs@umh.es

  174. 174.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Myosmarvirus) including two new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.109B.R.Myosmarvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  175. 175.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Lueder M, Moineau S, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Nevevirus) including four new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.110B.R.Nevevirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  176. 176.

    Kropinski AM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Adriaenssens EM (2020) Create one new genus (Nylescharonvirus) including two new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.111B.R.Nylescharonvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  177. 177.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Moraru C, Wittmann J (2020) Create one new genus (Pacinivirus) including two new species (Caudovirales: Schitoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.112B.R.Pacinivirus.zip. jow12@dsmz.de

  178. 178.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM Ramsey J (2020) Create one new genus (Parlovirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Podoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.113B.R.Parlovirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  179. 179.

    Roux S, Krupovic M (2020) Create one new family (Paulinoviridae) including two genera moved from the family Inoviridae (Tubulavirales) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.114B.R.Paulinoviridae.zip. siroux1@gmail.com

  180. 180.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Abolish one genus (Pbi1virus) and rename one species (Mycobacterium virus Plot) (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.115B.R.Pbi1virus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  181. 181.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Bcepfunavirus) and create nine new species in the genus Pbunavirus (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.116B.R.Pbunavirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  182. 182.

    van Zyl LJ, Lueder MR, Bishop-Lilly KA, Turner D, Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM (2020) Create five new genera and 29 new species in the subfamily Peduovirinae (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.117B.R.Peduoviruses.zip. lvanzyl@uwc.ac.za

  183. 183.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Barylski J (2020) Create one new genus (Pimunavirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.118B.R.Pemunavirus.zip. Jakub.Barylski@gmail.com

  184. 184.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Plateaulakevirus) including four new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.119B.R.Plateaulakevirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  185. 185.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Moraru C, Wittmann J (2020) Create one new genus (Pokkenvirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Schitoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.120B.R.Pokkenvirus.zip. jow12@dsmz.de

  186. 186.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Moraru C, Wittmann J (2020) Create one new genus (Pollockvirus) including one species moved from the genus Ithacavirus (Caudovirales: Schitoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.121B.R.Pollockvirus.zip. jow12@dsmz.de

  187. 187.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Jang HB, Sullivan MB, Moraru C, Wittmann J (2020) Create one new subfamily (Pontosvirinae) including three new genera (Caudovirales: Schitoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.122B.R.Pontosvirinae.zip. jow12@dsmz.de

  188. 188.

    Wittmann J, Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Presleyvirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Schitoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.123B.R.Presleyvirus.zip. Johannes.Wittmann@dsmz.de

  189. 189.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM Ramsey J (2020) Create one new genus (Privateervirus) including two new species (Caudovirales: Podoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.124B.R.Privateervirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  190. 190.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Moraru C (2020) Create one new genus (Pseudotevenvirus) including nine species in the subfamily Tevenvirinae (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.125B.R.Pseudotevenvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  191. 191.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Moraru C, Wittmann J (2020) Create one new genus (Pylasvirus) including two new species (Caudovirales: Schitoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.126B.R.Pylasvirus.zip. jow12@dsmz.de

  192. 192.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Lueder M, Mahony J, Neve H, Moineau S, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Questintvirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.127B.R.Questintvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  193. 193.

    Ma R, Zhang R (2020) Create one new subfamily (Queuovirinae) including one new genus (Amoyvirus) and three existing genera (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.128B.R.Queuovirinae.zip. maruijie@stu.xmu.edu.cn

  194. 194.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Kropinski AM, Kaliniene L (2020) Rename one genus (Klausavirus - formerly Radnorvirus) and create three new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.129B.R.Radnorvirus_rename.zip. laura.kaliniene@bchi.vu.lt

  195. 195.

    Torres-Barceló C, Trotereau A (2020) Create seven new genera and 13 new species of Ralstonia phages (Caudovirales) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.130B.R.Ralstonia_phages.zip. clara.torresbarcelo@inrae.fr

  196. 196.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Holmfeldt K, Šulčius S, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Ravarandavirus) including three new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.131B.R.Ravarandavirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  197. 197.

    Kropinski AM, Turner D, Adriaenssens EM (2020) Create two new species and move the species Rhodococcus virus RGL3 to the genus Rerduovirus (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.132B.R.Rerduovirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  198. 198.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Moraru C, Wittmann J (2020) Create one new subfamily (Rhodovirinae) including seven genera (Caudovirales: Schitoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.133B.R.Rhodovirinae.zip. jow12@dsmz.de

  199. 199.

    Wittmann J, Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Riverridervirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Schitoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.134B.R.Riverridervirus.zip. Johannes.Wittmann@dsmz.de

  200. 200.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Łobocka M (2020) Create one new genus (Rockefellervirus) including six species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.135B.R.Rockefellervirus.zip. lobocka@ibb.waw.pl

  201. 201.

    Kropinski AM, Tolstoy I, Adriaenssens EM, Barylski J (2020) Create one new genus (Rockvillevirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.136B.R.Rockvillevirus.zip. Jakub.Barylski@gmail.com

  202. 202.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Ronodorvirus) including two new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.137B.R.Ronodorvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  203. 203.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create four new species in the genus Rosemountvirus (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.138B.R.Rosemountvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  204. 204.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Moraru C, Wittmann J (2020) Create one new subfamily (Rothmandenesvirinae) including four genera (Caudovirales: Schitoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.139B.R.Rothmandenesvirinae.zip. jow12@dsmz.de

  205. 205.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Barylski J, Tong Y, Kropinski AM, Łobocka M (2020) Create one new family (Rountreeviridae) including two subfamilies and six genera of predominantly Staphylococcus and Enterococcus phages (Caudovirales) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.140B.R.Rountreeviridae.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  206. 206.

    Krupovic M, Baquero DP, Prangishvili D (2020) Create six new genera and 14 new species (Ligamenvirales: Rudiviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.141B.R.Rudiviridae.zip. mart.krupovic@pasteur.fr

  207. 207.

    Kropinski AM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Adriaenssens EM (2020) Create one new genus (Saintgironsvirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.142B.R.Saintgironsvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  208. 208.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Kropinski AM, Barylski J (2020) Create two new genera in the family Podoviridae and create one new family (Salasmaviridae) including one moved subfamily (Picovirinae), two new subfamilies (Northropvirinae and Tatarstanvirinae), and nine new genera (Caudovirales) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.143B.R.Salasmaviridae.zip. Jakub.Barylski@gmail.com

  209. 209.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Turner D, Lueder M, Moineau S, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Sandinevirus) including new one species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.144B.R.Sandinevirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  210. 210.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Sarumanvirus) including two new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.145B.R.Sarumanvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  211. 211.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Moraru C, Wittmann J (2020) Create one new family (Schitoviridae) including eight existing subfamilies and 40 existing genera (Caudovirales: Schitoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.146B.R.Schitoviridae.zip. jow12@dsmz.de

  212. 212.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2020) Create one new genus (Sendosyvirus) including two species (Caudovirales: Podoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.147B.R.Sendosyvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  213. 213.

    Lehman SM, Petit MA, Lossouarn J, Tong Y, Tolstoy I, Adriaenssens E (2020) Create ten new species in the subfamily Sepvirinae (Caudovirales: Podoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.148B.R.Sepvirinae.zip. susan.lehman@fda.hhs.gov

  214. 214.

    Kropinski AM, Turner D, Adriaenssens EM (2020) Create one new genus (Shandongvirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.149B.R.Shandongvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  215. 215.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Shirahamavirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.150B.R.Shirahamavirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  216. 216.

    Liu Y, Du S, Chen X, Krupovic M (2020) Create one new family (Simuloviridae) including one genus (Yingchengvirus - formerly Betasphaerolipovirus) moved from the family Sphaerolipoviridae (Halopanivirales) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.151B.R.Simuloviridae.zip. mart.krupovic@pasteur.fr

  217. 217.

    Kropinski AM, Tolstoy I, Adriaenssens EM, Barylski J, Piligrimova EG, Kazantseva OA, Nikulin NA, Shadrin AM (2020) Create one new subfamily (Skryabinvirinae) including two new genera, each with one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.152B.R.Skryabinvirinae.zip. Jakub.Barylski@gmail.com

  218. 218.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Turner D, Lueder M, Moineau S, Kropinski AM (2020) Create 80 new species in the genus Skunavirus (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.153B.R.Skunavirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  219. 219.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Sleepyheadvirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.154B.R.Sleepyheadvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  220. 220.

    Kropinski AM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Adriaenssens EM (2020) Create one new genus (Sozzivirus) including three new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.155B.R.Sozzivirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  221. 221.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Sparkyvirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.156B.R.Sparkyvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  222. 222.

    Kropinski AM, Tolstoy I, Adriaenssens EM, Barylski J (2020) Create one new genus (Spizizenvirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.157B.R.Spizizenvirus.zip. Jakub.Barylski@gmail.com

  223. 223.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Squirtyvirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.158B.R.Squirtyvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  224. 224.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create four new species in the genus Samwavirus (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.159B.R.Samwavirus_new_species.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  225. 225.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Barylski J (2020) Create one new genus (Takahashivirus) including one existing species (Bacillus virus PBS1) (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.160B.R.Takahashivirus.zip. Jakub.Barylski@gmail.com

  226. 226.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM Barylski J (2020) Create one new genus (Tandoganvirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.161B.R.Tandoganvirus.zip. Jakub.Barylski@gmail.com

  227. 227.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Kropinski AM (2020) Create 53 new species, rename one species and move one species in the genus Tequatrovirus (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.162B.R.Tequatrovirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  228. 228.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Turner D, Lueder M, Neve H, Mahony J, Moineau S, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Teubervirus) including five new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.163B.R.Teubervirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  229. 229.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Thetabobvirus) including three new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.164B.R.Thetabobvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  230. 230.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new subfamily (Trabyvirinae) including two new genera (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.165B.R.Trabyvirinae.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  231. 231.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Łobocka M (2020) Create 17 new species in the genus Triavirus (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.166B.R.Triavirus.zip. lobocka@ibb.waw.pl

  232. 232.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Triplejayvirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.167B.R.Triplejayvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  233. 233.

    Krupovic M, Baquero DP, Prangishvili D (2020) Create one new genus (Betatristromavirus) including one existing species (Thermoproteus tenax virus 1) and create one new species in the genus Alphatristromavirus (Tristromaviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.168B.R.Tristromaviridae.zip. mart.krupovic@pasteur.fr

  234. 234.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Kropinski AM (2020) Create four new species and abolish one species in the genus Tunavirus (Caudovirales: Drexlerviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.169B.R.Tunavirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  235. 235.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM Oliveira H, Turner D, Moraru C (2020) Create one new subfamily (Twarogvirinae) including five new genera (Caudovirales: Podoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.170B.R.Twarogvirinae.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  236. 236.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Lueder M, Nakai T, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Uwajimavirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.171B.R.Uwajimavirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  237. 237.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Lueder M, Moineau S, Mahony J, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Vedamuthuvirus) including five new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.172B.R.Vedamuthuvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  238. 238.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Veterinaerplatzvirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Drexlerviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.173B.R.Veterinaerplatzvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  239. 239.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Vibakivirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Myoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.174B.R.Vibakivirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  240. 240.

    Wittmann J, Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Waedenswilvirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Schitoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.175B.R.Waedenswilvirus.zip. Johannes.Wittmann@dsmz.de

  241. 241.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Turner D, Łobocka M (2020) Create one new genus (Warsawvirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Autographiviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.176B.R.Warsawvirus.zip. lobocka@ibb.waw.pl

  242. 242.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Kropinski AM (2020) Create eight new species and abolish one species in the genus Warwickvirus (Caudovirales: Drexlerviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.177B.R.Warwickvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  243. 243.

    Kropinski AM, Tolstoy I, Adriaenssens EM, Barylski J (2020) Create one new genus (Waukeshavirus) including two new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.178B.R.Waukeshavirus.zip. Jakub.Barylski@gmail.com

  244. 244.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Moraru C, Kropinski AM (2020) Create 16 new species and abolish two species in the genus Webervirus (Caudovirales: Drexlerviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.179B.R.Webervirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  245. 245.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Turner D, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Whackvirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.180B.R.Whackvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  246. 246.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Mahony J, Neve H, Moineau S, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Whiteheadvirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.181B.R.Whiteheadvirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  247. 247.

    Kropinski AM, Tolstoy I, Adriaenssens EM, Turner D (2020) Create one new genus (Wumpquatrovirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Podoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.182B.R.Wumpquatrovirus.zip. Dann2.Turner@uwe.ac.uk

  248. 248.

    Kropinski AM, Tolstoy I, Adriaenssens EM, Turner D (2020) Create one new genus (Wumptrevirus) including two species (Caudovirales: Podoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.183B.R.Wumptrevirus.zip. Dann2.Turner@uwe.ac.uk

  249. 249.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Moraru C (2020) Create one new genus (Yonseivirus) including three new species (Caudovirales: Siphoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.184B.R.Yonseivirus.zip. Phage.Canada@gmail.com

  250. 250.

    Wittmann J, Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM (2020) Create one new genus (Zicotriavirus) including two new species (Caudovirales: Schitoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.185B.R.Zicotriavirus.zip. Johannes.Wittmann@dsmz.de

  251. 251.

    Krupovic M, Kuhn JH, Wang F, Baquero DP, Egelman EH, Koonin EV, Prangishvili D (2020) Create one new realm (Adnaviria) for classification of filamentous archaeal viruses with linear dsDNA genomes https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.186B.R.Adnaviria.zip. mart.krupovic@pasteur.fr

  252. 252.

    Bischoff V, Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM, Duhaime M, Moraru C (2020) Create one new family (Zobellviridae) including one new subfamily (Cobavirinae), seven new genera and 12 new species (Caudovirales) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.187B.R.Zobellviridae.zip. liliana.cristina.moraru@uni-oldenburg.de

  253. 253.

    Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I, Kropinski AM, Moraru C, Wittmann J (2020) Create one new genus (Zurivirus) including one new species (Caudovirales: Schitoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.188B.R.Zurivirus.zip. jow12@dsmz.de

  254. 254.

    Adriaenssens EM (2021) Delete the Excel modules of proposals 2020.121B and 2020.126B and replace them with the 2020.146B Excel module (Caudovirales: Schitoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.189B.R.Expedited_correction.docx. Evelien.adriaenssens@quadram.ac.uk

  255. 255.

    Adriaenssens EM (2021) Correct typographical errors in proposal 2020.005B Excel module (Caudovirales: Ackermannviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.190B.R.Corrections_Ackermannviridae.zip. Evelien.adriaenssens@quadram.ac.uk

  256. 256.

    Ayllón MA, Turina M, Xie J, Jiang D, Marzano S-Y, Nerva L, Donaire L (2020) Create two new genera (Rhizoulivirus and Penoulivirus) and 25 new species (Ourlivirales: Botourmiaviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.001F.R.Botourmiaviridae.zip. mariaangeles.ayllon@upm.es

  257. 257.

    Vainio EJ, Chiba S, Nibert ML, Roossinck MJ, Sabanadzovic S, Suzuki N, Xie J (2020) Create one new family Curvulaviridae, one new genus Orthocurvulavirus and eight new species https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.002F.R.Curvulaviridae.zip. eeva.vainio@luke.fi

  258. 258.

    Kotta-Loizou I, Castón JR, Coutts RHA, Hillman BI, Jiang D, Kim D-H, Moriyama H, Suzuki N (2020) Create six new species in the genus Alphachrysovirus (Ghabrivirales: Chrysoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.003F.R.Chrysoviridae.zip. i.kotta-loizou13@imperial.ac.uk

  259. 259.

    Jiang D, Ayllón MA, Marzano S-Y (2020) Create seven new genera (Mononegavirales: Mymonaviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.004F.R.Mymona.zip. daohongjiang@mail.hzau.edu.cn

  260. 260.

    Varsani A, Krupovic M (2020) Create one new genus, rename 73 species and create 164 new species (Geplafuvirales: Genomoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.005F.R.Genomoviridae.zip. Arvind.varsani@asu.edu

  261. 261.

    Gronenborn B, Varsani A, Randles JW, Vetten HJ, Thomas JE (2020) Create a new subfamily (Petromoalphasatellitinae) including four new genera and seven new species (Alphasatellitidae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.001P.R.Petromoalphasatellitinae_nsf.zip. bgronenborn@gmail.com

  262. 262.

    Varsani A, Martin DP, Lett J-M, Roumagnac P (2020) Create nine new species and three new genera (Alphasatellitidae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.002P.R.Alphasatellitidae_3ng_9nsp.zip. Arvind.Varsani@asu.edu

  263. 263.

    Teycheney P-Y, Umber M, Geering ADW (2020) Create eight new species in the genus Badnavirus, one new species in the genus Cavemovirus, and one new genus (Ortervirales: Caulimoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.003P.R.Caulimoviridae_1ng_9nsp.zip. teycheney@cirad.fr

  264. 264.

    Fuchs M, Bar-Joseph M, Candresse T, Maree HJ, Melzer MJ, Menzel W, Minafra A, Sabanadzovic S (2020) Create three new species in the genera Closterovirus, Ampleovirus and Velarivirus (Martellivirales: Closteroviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.004P.R.Closteroviridae_3nsp.zip. mf13@cornell.edu

  265. 265.

    Lett J-M, Martin DP, Roumagnac P, Varsani A (2020) Create four new species in the genus Mastrevirus (Geminiviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.005P.R.Mastrevirus_4nsp.zip. jean-michel.lett@cirad.fr

  266. 266.

    Fiallo-Olivé E, Navas-Castillo J (2020) Create 22 species and abolish one species in the genus Begomovirus (Geminiviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.006P.R.Begomovirus_22nsp.zip. efiallo@eelm.csic.es

  267. 267.

    Fiallo-Olivé E, Navas-Castillo J (2020) Create one species in the genus Deltasatellite (Tolecusatellitidae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.007P.R.Deltasatellite_1nsp.zip. efiallo@eelm.csic.es

  268. 268.

    Roumagnac P, Varsani A, Martin DP, Lett J-M (2020) Create five new genera and 11 new species (Geplafuvirales: Geminiviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.008P.R.Geminiviridae_5ng_11nsp.zip. philippe.roumagnac@cirad.fr

  269. 269.

    Fiallo-Olivé E, Navas-Castillo J (2020) Create 61 species and abolish three species in the genus Betasatellite (Tolecusatellitidae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.009P.R.Betasatellite_61nsp.zip. efiallo@eelm.csic.es

  270. 270.

    Melzer M, Freitas-Astua J, Gang W, Rodrigues JCV, Roy A (2020) Create one new species in the genus Blunervirus (Martellivirales: Kitaviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.010P.R.Kitaviridae_1nsp.zip. melzer@hawaii.edu

  271. 271.

    Ramos-González PL, Chabi-Jesus C, Freitas-Astúa J (2020) Create one new species in the genus Cilevirus (Martellivirales: Kitaviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.011P.R.Kitaviridae_1nsp.zip. juliana.astua@embrapa.br

  272. 272.

    Wang Y, Zhai L, Wen S, Yang Z, Wang G, Hong N (2020) Create one new species (Actinidia virus 2) in the genus Emaravirus (Bunyavirales: Fimoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.012P.R.Emaravirus_AcV-2.zip. whni@mail.hzau.edu.cn

  273. 273.

    von Bargen S, Al Kubrusli R, Gaskin T, Fürl S, Hüttner F, Blystad D, Karlin DG, Jalkanen R, Büttner C (2020) Create one new species (Aspen mosaic-associated virus) in the genus Emaravirus (Bunyavirales: Fimoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.013P.R.Emaravirus_AsMaV.zip. susanne.von.bargen@agrar.hu-berlin.de

  274. 274.

    Wang YQ, Yu S, Cao MJ, Cheng Q, Wu JX, Hu T (2020) Create one new species (Lilac chlorotic ringspot-associated virus) in the genus Emaravirus (Bunyavirales: Fimoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.014P.R.Emaravirus_LiCRaV.zip. taohu1989@zju.edu.cn

  275. 275.

    Ilyas M, Avelar S, Schuch K, Brown JK (2020) Create one new species (Palo verde broom virus) in the genus Emaravirus (Bunyavirales: Fimoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.015P.R.Emaravirus_PVBV.zip. jbrown@ag.arizona.edu

  276. 276.

    Liu H, Wang G, Yang Z, Wang Y, Zhang Z, Li L, Waqas M, Zhang J, Xu L, Qi L, Hong J, Hong N (2020) Create one new species (Pear chlorotic leaf spot-associated virus) in the genus Emaravirus (Bunyavirales: Fimoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.016P.R.Emaravirus_PCLSaV.zip. whni@mail.hzau.edu.cn

  277. 277.

    Olmedo-Velarde A, Park AC, Sugano J, Uchida JY,Kawate M, Borth WB, Hu JS, Melzer MJ (2020) Create one new species (Ti ringspot-associated virus) in the genus Emaravirus (Bunyavirales: Fimoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.017P.R.Emaravirus_TiRSaV.zip. melzer@hawaii.edu

  278. 278.

    Peracchio C, Forgia M, Chiapello M, Vallino M, Turina M, Ciuffo M (2020) Create one new species (Camellia japonica-associated virus 1) in the genus Emaravirus (Bunyavirales: Fimoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.018P.R.Emaravirus_CjaV-1.zip. carlota.peracchio@ipsp.cnr.it

  279. 279.

    Peracchio C, Forgia M, Chiapello M, Vallino M, Turina M, Ciuffo M (2020) Create one new species (Camellia japonica-associated virus 2) in the genus Emaravirus (Bunyavirales: Fimoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.019P.R.Emaravirus_CjaV-2.zip. carlota.peracchio@ipsp.cnr.it

  280. 280.

    Yang C, Zhang S, Han T, Fu J, Di Serio F, Cao M (2020) Create one new species (Jujube yellow mottle-associated virus) in the genus Emaravirus (Bunyavirales: Fimoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.020P.R.Emaravirus_JYMaV.zip. caomengji@cric.cn

  281. 281.

    Kubota K, Usugi T, Tomitaka Y, Shimomoto Y, Shigeharu T, Kadono F, Yanagisawa H, Chiaki Y, Tsuda S (2020) Create one new species (Perilla mosaic virus) in the genus Emaravirus (Bunyavirales: Fimoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.021P.R.Emaravirus_PerMV.zip. kubotak@affrc.go.jp

  282. 282.

    Gronenborn B, Randles JW, Vetten HJ, Thomas JE (2020) Create one new family (Metaxyviridae) with one new genus (Cofodevirus) and one species (Coconut foliar decay virus) moved from the family Nanoviridae (Mulpavirales) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.022P.R.Metaxyviridae_nf.zip. bgronenborn@gmail.com

  283. 283.

    Thomas JE, Gronenborn B, Vetten H-J, Heydarnejad J, Varsani A, Roumagnac P (2020) Create four new species in the genus Nanovirus (Mulpavirales: Nanoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.023P.R.Nanoviridae_4nsp.zip. j.thomas2@uq.edu.au

  284. 284.

    Wylie SJ, Inoue-Nagata AK, Jordan R, Kreuze JF, Li F, Lopez-Moya JJ, Makinen K, Ohshima K (2020) Create seven new species in the genus Potyvirus (Patatavirales: Potyviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.024P.R.Potyviridae_7nsp.zip. s.wylie@murdoch.edu.au

  285. 285.

    Sõmera M, Hébrard E (2020) Create one new species in the genus Sobemovirus (Sobelivirales: Solemoviridae) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.025P.R.Solemoviridae_1nsp.zip. merike.somera@taltech.ee

  286. 286.

    Scheets K, Miller WA, Sõmera, M (2020) Abolish the family Luteoviridae (Tolivirales) and move its genera to the families Tombusviridae (Tolivirales) and Solemoviridae (Sobelivirales) https://ictv.global/ictv/proposals/2020.026P.R.Abolish_Luteoviridae.zip. kay.scheets@okstate.edu

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Funding

E.M.A. gratefully acknowledges funding by the U.K. Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC); this research was funded by the BBSRC Institute Strategic Programme Gut Microbes and Health BB/R012490/1 and its constituent projects BBS/E/F/000PR10353 and BBS/E/F/000PR10356. A.J.D. is supported by the U.K. Medical Research Council (MC_UU_12014/3). B.E.D. is supported by Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Vidi grant 864.14.004. B.H. is supported by the National Research, Development and Innovation Office—NKFIH (NN128309). N.J.K. is partially supported by core funding provided by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, UK. Mention of trade names or commercial products in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information and does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. USDA is an Equal Opportunity Provider and Employer. This work was supported in part through Laulima Government Solutions, LLC prime contract with the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) under Contract No. HHSN272201800013C. J.H.K. performed this work as an employee of Tunnell Government Services (TGS), a subcontractor of Laulima Government Solutions, LLC under Contract No. HHSN272201800013C. A.R.M. is a Program Director at the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF); the statements and opinions expressed herein are made in a personal capacity and do not constitute endorsement by NSF or the government of the United States. H.M.O was supported by the University of Helsinki and Academy of Finland by funding for FINStruct and Instruct Centre FI, part of Biocenter Finland and Instruct-ERIC. D.L.R. is supported by the U.K. Medical Research Council (MC_UU_1201412). R.J.O. and D.B.S. are supported by the Wellcome Trust (WT108418AIA). S.S. acknowledges partial support from the Special Research Initiative (MAFES), Mississippi State University, and from the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, US Department of Agriculture, Hatch Project 1021494. Except for Donald M. Dempsey, R. Curtis Hendrickson, Richard J. Orton and Donald B. Smith, the authors were members of the ICTV Executive Committee during the relevant period. The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the US Department of Health and Human Services, or of the institutions and companies affiliated with the authors.

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Walker, P.J., Siddell, S.G., Lefkowitz, E.J. et al. Changes to virus taxonomy and to the International Code of Virus Classification and Nomenclature ratified by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2021). Arch Virol 166, 2633–2648 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-021-05156-1

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