Changes to virus taxonomy and the Statutes ratified by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2020)

Abstract

This article reports the changes to virus classification and taxonomy approved and ratified by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) in March 2020. The entire ICTV was invited to vote on 206 taxonomic proposals approved by the ICTV Executive Committee at its meeting in July 2019, as well as on the proposed revision of the ICTV Statutes. All proposals and the revision of the Statutes were approved by an absolute majority of the ICTV voting membership. Of note, ICTV has approved a proposal that extends the previously established realm Riboviria to encompass nearly all RNA viruses and reverse-transcribing viruses, and approved three separate proposals to establish three realms for viruses with DNA genomes.

Introduction

Changes to virus taxonomy (the universal scheme of virus classification of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses [ICTV]) take place annually and are the result of a multi-stage process. In accordance with the ICTV Statutes (http://ictv.global/statutes.asp), proposals submitted to the ICTV Executive Committee (EC) undergo a review process that involves input from the ICTV Study Groups (SGs) and Subcommittees (SCs), other interested virologists, and the EC. After final approval by the EC, proposals are presented for ratification to the full ICTV membership by publication on the ICTV website (http://ictv.global) followed by an electronic vote.

The latest set of proposals approved by the EC was made available on the ICTV website in February 2020 (see https://ictv.global/proposals-2019/ for all proposals combined into a single zip file, and use the links provided in the References to access individual proposals). A list of proposals was then emailed on February 19, 2020 to the 164 members of the ICTV, namely the EC Members, Life Members, ICTV Subcommittee Members including the SG Chairs, and ICTV National Representatives. Members were then requested to vote on whether to ratify the taxonomic proposals; voting closed on March 21, 2020.

Changes to virus taxonomy and to the Statutes of the International Committee for Taxonomy of Viruses

All proposals [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49,50,51,52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61,62,63,64,65,66,67,68,69,70,71,72,73,74,75,76,77,78,79,80,81,82,83,84,85,86,87,88,89,90,91,92,93,94,95,96,97,98,99,100,101,102,103,104,105,106,107,108,109,110,111,112,113,114,115,116,117,118,119,120,121,122,123,124,125,126,127,128,129,130,131,132,133,134,135,136,137,138,139,140,141,142,143,144,145,146,147,148,149,150,151,152,153,154,155,156,157,158,159,160,161,162,163,164,165,166,167,168,169,170,171,172,173,174,175,176,177,178,179,180,181,182,183,184,185,186,187,188,189,190,191,192,193,194,195,196,197,198,199,200,201,202,203,204,205,206] were ratified by ICTV members, in every case receiving an absolute majority of votes, between 55% and 62% of eligible voters. A summary of the taxonomy changes enacted by the proposals is provided in Table 1. Each proposal is cited and listed in the References to acknowledge the authors’ efforts and to provide links to the specific proposals on the ICTV website. These documents remain available for those who wish to see the full details of the proposals.

Table 1 Summary of taxonomic changes approved in March 2020

A notable taxonomic change approved in this ratification is the extension of the realm Riboviria, a clade of viruses that use cognate RNA-directed RNA polymerases (RdRps) for their replication, to include also the reverse-transcribing viruses that use a homologous replication enzyme [6, 207,208,209,210]. In the current taxonomy, all available primary taxonomic ranks for this realm are filled. Three novel realms for distinct subsets of viruses with DNA genomes were established as well, i.e., Monodnaviria, comprising viruses of prokaryotes and eukaryotes with single-strand DNA genomes that utilize the rolling-circle replication mechanism and encode replication initiation endonucleases of the HUH superfamily; Varidnaviria, comprising viruses of prokaryotes and eukaryotes with double-strand DNA genomes and single vertical jelly-roll or double jelly-roll capsid proteins; and Duplodnaviria, comprising viruses of prokaryotes and eukaryotes with double-strand DNA genomes and HK97-fold capsid proteins [3,4,5]. A detailed justification for the establishment of these realms has been published recently [211].

To ensure that the ICTV maintains the expertise and flexibility needed to meet the challenges of virus taxonomy in the future, and to clarify the procedures for electing the Executive Committee, a working group established by the Executive Committee of the ICTV has proposed amendments to the ICTV Statutes. The amended Statutes were also ratified in the ICTV-wide vote and then approved in April 2020 by the Virology Division of the International Union of Microbiological Societies, which is the parent organization of the ICTV. The new Statutes can be found at https://ictv.global/statutes.asp. The key effects of adopting the new Statutes include: enlargement of the Executive Committee from 19 to 23 Members representing the diversity of virologists in geography, demography and expertise; establishment of a single nomination procedure and timeframe for all positions on the Executive Committee except Virus Subcommittee Chairs; and increased participation by ICTV Members in elections to the EC by allowing ballots other than those cast in person at the Plenary Meeting.

Conclusion

All proposals submitted for ratification were ratified by an absolute majority of the ICTV, and the changes proposed are now part of official ICTV taxonomy. New ICTV Statutes are now in force as well. An up-to-date list of all approved taxa can be found on the ICTV online website: https://ictv.global/msl/.

References

  1. 1.

    Lefkowitz EJ (2019) Modify Code Rule 3.25 to ensure one type species per genus 2019.001G. elliotl@uab.edu. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.001G.zip. Accessed on 17 May 2020

  2. 2.

    Lefkowitz EJ (2019) Update Code Rule 3.13, duplicate taxon names 2019.002G. elliotl@uab.edu. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.002G.zip Accessed on 17 May 2020

  3. 3.

    Koonin EV, Dolja VV, Krupovic M, Varsani A, Wolf YI, Yutin N, Zerbini FM, Kuhn JH (2019) Create a megataxonomic framework, filling all principal taxonomic ranks, for DNA viruses encoding vertical jelly-roll type major capsid proteins 2019.003G. koonin@ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.003G.zip Accessed on 17 May 2020

  4. 4.

    Koonin EV, Dolja VV, Krupovic M, Varsani A, Wolf YI, Yutin N, Zerbini FM, Kuhn JH (2019) Create a megataxonomic framework, filling all principal taxonomic ranks, for dsDNA viruses encoding HK97 type major capsid proteins 2019.004G. koonin@ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.004G.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  5. 5.

    Koonin EV, Dolja VV, Krupovic M, Varsani A, Wolf YI, Yutin N, Zerbini FM, Kuhn JH (2019) Create a megataxonomic framework, filling all principal taxonomic ranks, for ssDNA viruses 2019.005G. koonin@ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.005G.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  6. 6.

    Koonin EV, Dolja VV, Krupovic M, Varsani A, Wolf YI, Yutin N, Zerbini FM, Kuhn JH (2019) Create a megataxonomic framework, filling all principal taxonomic ranks, for realm Riboviria 2019.006G. koonin@ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.006G.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  7. 7.

    Gorbalenya AE, Krupovic M, Siddell S, Varsani A, Kuhn JH (2019) Correction of an administrative error resulting in an incorrect taxonomy of the realm Riboviria 2019.009G. stuart.siddell@bristol.ac.uk. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.009G.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  8. 8.

    Harrison RL, Herniou EA, Jehle JA, Theilmann DA, Burand JP, Krell PJ, van Oers MM (2019) Create eight new species and rename one species in the genus Alphabaculovirus 2019.001D. Robert.L.Harrison@usda.gov. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.001D.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  9. 9.

    Varsani A, Rosario K, Delwart E, Segalés J, Breitbart M (2019) Create four new species in the genus Circovirus and three new species in the genus Cyclovirus 2019.002D. arvind.varsani@asu.edu. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.002D.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  10. 10.

    Kariithi HM, Vlak JM, Jehle JA, Bergoin M, Drion BG, Abd-Alla AMM (2019) Rename two species in the family Hytrosaviridae 2019.003D. A.M.M.Abd-Alla@iaea.org. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.003D.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  11. 11.

    Calvignac-Spencer S, Carr M, Daugherty MD, Feltkamp MCW, Lauber C, Moens U, Verschoor EJ, Ehlers B (2019) Create four new species in the family Polyomaviridae 2019.004D. ehlersb@rki.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.004D.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  12. 12.

    Lefkowitz EJ, Li Y, Mauldin M, McInnes C, Mercer A, Meyer H, Smith GL, Tu, C, Upton C (2019) Create eight new genera and twelve new species within the family Poxviridae, and rename one species and move three species 2019.005D. elliotl@uab.edu. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.005D.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  13. 13.

    Harrach B, Kaján GL, Benkő M (2019) Create five species in the genus Mastadenovirus and one species in the genus Aviadenovirus, family Adenoviridae 2019.006D. harrach.balazs@agrar.mta.hu. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.006D.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  14. 14.

    Magnius LO (2019) Create three new species in the genus Orthohepadnavirus, family Hepadnaviridae 2019.007D. Lars.magnius@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.007D.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  15. 15.

    Magnius LO (2019) Create three new genera in the family Hepadnaviridae 2019.008D. Lars.magnius@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.008D.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  16. 16.

    Penzes JJ, Soderlund-Venermo M, Canuti M, Eis-Huebinger AM, Hughes J, Cotmore SF (2019) Re-organize the family Parvoviridae 2019.010D. Judycash08@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.010D.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  17. 17.

    Abbas AA, Taylor LJ, Collman RG, Bushman FD (2019) Create one new family (Redondoviridae) for circular, Rep-encoding DNA viruses 2019.011D. bushman@pennmedicine.upenn.edu. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.011D.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  18. 18.

    Krupovic M, Varsani A, Kuhn J, Kazlauskas D, Breibart M, Delwart E, Rosario K, Yutin N, Wolf YI, Harrach B, Zerbini FM, Dolja VV, Koonin EV (2019) Create one new phylum (Cressdnaviricota) including two classes and six orders for classification of CRESS-DNA viruses 2019.012D. mart.krupovic@pasteur.fr. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.012D.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  19. 19.

    Delmas B (2019) Reorganize the family Picobirnaviridae 2018.006M. bernard.delmas@inra.fr. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2018.006M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  20. 20.

    Delmas B (2019) Reorganize the family Birnaviridae 2018.018M. bernard.delmas@inra.fr. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2018.018M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  21. 21.

    Kuzmin IV (2019) Create one new species (Taiwan bat lyssavirus) in the genus Lyssavirus, family Rhabdoviridae 2019.001M. ivkuzmin@yandex.ru. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.001M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  22. 22.

    Walker PJ, Blasdell KR, Dietzgen RG, Freitas-Astúa J, Kondo H, Kurath G, Kuzmin IV, Stone DM, Tesh RB, Tordo N, Vasilakis N, Whitfield AE (2019) Create one new species (Holmes hapavirus) in the genus Hapavirus, family Rhabdoviridae 2019.003M. peter.walker@uq.edu.au. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.003M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  23. 23.

    Walker PJ, Blasdell KR, Dietzgen RG, Freitas-Astúa J, Kondo H, Kurath G, Kuzmin IV, Stone DM, Tesh RB, Tordo N, Vasilakis N, Whitfield AE (2019) Create one new genus (Sunrhavirus) including six new species in the family Rhabdoviridae 2019.004M. peter.walker@uq.edu.au. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.004M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  24. 24.

    Fernandes J, Guterres A, Oliveira RC, Chamberlain J, Hewson R, Lemos ERS (2019) Create one new species (Xapuri mammarenavirus) in the genus Mammarenavirus, family Arenaviridae 2019.005M. jorlan@ioc.fiocruz.br. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.005M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  25. 25.

    Walker PJ, Blasdell KR, Dietzgen RG, Freitas-Astúa J, Kondo H, Kurath G, Kuzmin IV, Tesh RB, Vasilakis N (2019) Create one new genus (Arurhavirus), including four new species, in the family Rhabdoviridae 2019.006M. peter.walker@uq.edu.au. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.006M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  26. 26.

    Goldstein T, Anthony SJ, Bird B, Gbakima A, Jambai A, Wells H, Amarasinghe G, Basler C, Bavari S, Bukreyev AA, Chandran K, Crozier I, Dolnik O, Dye JM, Formenty PBH, Griffiths A, Hewson R, Kobinger G, Kuhn JH, Leroy EM, Mühlberger E, Netesov SV, Palacios G, Pályi B, Pawęska JT, Smither S, Takada A, Towner JS, Wahl V (2019) Create one new species (Bombali ebolavirus) in the genus Ebolavirus, family Filoviridae 2019.007M. kuhnjens@mail.nih.gov. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.007M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  27. 27.

    Hetzel U, Smura T, Hepojoki S, Hepojoki J, Kuhn JH (2019) Create three new species in the genus Hartmanivirus, family Arenaviridae 2019.008M. jussi.hepojoki@uzh.ch. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.008M.zip. Accessed on 17 May 2020

  28. 28.

    Zhāng Y, Sironi M, Kuhn JH (2019) Create one new species (Chevrier mammarenavirus) in the genus Mammarenavirus, family Arenaviridae 2019.009M. kuhnjens@mail.nih.gov. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.009M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  29. 29.

    Fernandes J, Guterres A, Oliveira RC, Jardins R, Dávila AMR, Hewson R, Lemos ERS, Kuhn JH (2019) Create one new species (Planalto mammarenavirus) in the genus Mammarenavirus, family Arenaviridae 2019.010M. jorlan@ioc.fiocruz.br. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.010M.zip. Accessed on 17 May 2020

  30. 30.

    Wang LF, Shí, Z, Yáng X, Kuhn JH (2019) Create one new genus (Dianlovirus), including one new species, in the family Filoviridae 2019.011M. linfa.wang@duke-nus.edu.sg. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.011M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  31. 31.

    Walker PJ, Blasdell KR, Dietzgen RG, Fooks AR, Freitas-Astúa J, Kondo H, Kurath G, Stone DM, Tesh RB, Vasilakis N, Whitfield AE (2019) Create five new genera (Sawgrhavirus, Barhavirus, Zarhavirus, Lostrhavirus, Mousrhavirus) including eight new species and one previously unassigned species in the family Rhabdoviridae 2019.012M. peter.walker@uq.edu.au. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.012M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  32. 32.

    Walker PJ, Blasdell KR, Dietzgen RG, Fooks AR, Freitas-Astúa J, Kondo H, Kurath G, Kuzmin IV, Tesh RB, Vasilakis N, Whitfield AE (2019) Create three new species in the genus Sripuvirus, family Rhabdoviridae 2019.013M. peter.walker@uq.edu.au. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.013M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  33. 33.

    Aziz-ul-Rahman, Shabbir MZ (2019) Create one new species (Avian avulavirus 21) in the genus Avulavirus, family Paramyxoviridae 2019.014M. shabbirmz@uvas.edu.pk. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.014M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  34. 34.

    Liang M, Yu X, Li D (2019) Rename the genus Banyangvirus and the species Huaiyangshan banyangvirus in the family Phenuiviridae, order Bunyavirales 2019.015M. mifangl@hotmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.015M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  35. 35.

    Kuhn JH, Zerbini FM, Rima BK, Balkema-Buschmann A, Dundon WG, Duprex WP, Easton AJ, Fouchier R, Kurath G, Lamb R, Lee B, Rota P, Wang LF, Adkins S, Lambert A, Naidu R, Resende R, Turina M, Whitfield AE (2019) Correct taxonomic errors inadvertently introduced in 2018 2019.016M. kuhnjens@mail.nih.gov. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.016M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  36. 36.

    Straková P, Dufková L, Širmanová J, Salát J, Bartonička T, Klempa B, Pfaff F, Höper D, Hoffmann B, Ulrich RG, Růžek D (2019) Create one new species, Brno loanvirus, in the genus Loanvirus, family Hantaviridae, order Bunyavirales 2019.017M. strakova.p@centrum.cz. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.017M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  37. 37.

    Wang H, Liu Y, Liu WW, Cao MJ, Wang XF (2019) Create one new species in the genus Mivirus, family Chuviridae, order Jingchuvirales 2019.018M. liuyan06@caas.cn. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.018M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  38. 38.

    Forth LF, Höper D, Beer M (2019) Create one new species, Squirrel respirovirus, in the genus Respirovirus, family Paramyxoviridae 2019.019M. martin.beer@fli.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.019M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  39. 39.

    de la Torre JC, Buchmeier MJ, Charrel RN, Clegg JCS, Gonzalez J-PJ, Günther S, Hepojoki J, Kuhn JH, Lukashevich IS, Radoshitzky SR, Romanowski V, Salvato MS, Sironi M, Stenglein MD, Wang J (2019) Create one new species (Alxa mammarenavirus) in the genus Mammarenavirus, family Arenaviridae 2019.020M. juanct@scripps.edu. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.020M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  40. 40.

    Økland AL, Nylund A (2019) Create one new genus (Hexartovirus) including two species in the family Artoviridae, order Mononegavirales 2019.021M. arnfinn.okland@uib.no. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.021M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  41. 41.

    Hughes HR, Lambert AJ (2019) Move one species from the genus Phlebovirus (family Phenuiviridae) to the genus Pacuvirus (family Peribunyaviridae), and create one new species in the genus Pacuvirus 2019.022M. Ltr8@cdc.gov. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.022M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  42. 42.

    Matthijnssens E, Johne R, Patton J, Bányai K (2019) Remove one species (Rotavirus E) from the genus Rotavirus 2019.023M. jelle.matthijnssens@kuleuven.be. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.023M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  43. 43.

    Duncan R (2019) Create three new species in the genus Orthoreovirus, family Reoviridae 2019.024M. Roy.duncan@dal.ca. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.024M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  44. 44.

    Balkema-Buschmann A, Dundon WG, Duprex WP, Easton AJ, Fouchier RAM, Kurath G, Lamb RA, Lee B, Rima BK, Rota PA, Wang L, Jin Q, Wu Z (2019) Create three new genera, create five new species and move/rename four species in the family Paramyxoviridae 2019.025M. b.rima@qub.ac.uk. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.025M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  45. 45.

    Marklewitz M, Palacios G, Ebihara H, Kuhn J, Junglen S (2019) Create four new genera, create 79 new species, rename/move seven species and abolish one genus in the family Phenuiviridae, order Bunyavirales 2019.026M. marco.marklewitz@charite.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.026M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  46. 46.

    Yadav PD, Whitmer SLM, Sarkale P, Nyayanit DA, Lakra R, Anita Aich, Nichol ST, Mourya DT (2019) Create three new species and rename two species in the genus Coltivirus, family Reoviridae 2019.027M. dtmourya@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.027M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  47. 47.

    Ballinger MJ, Hall RA, Langevin SA, Pauvolid-Corrêa A, Junglen S (2019) Create one new species, abolish one genus and abolish three species in the genus Orthophasmavirus, family Phasmaviridae, order Bunyavirales 2019.028M. Sandra.junglen@charite.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.028M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  48. 48.

    Bányai K, Kemenesi G, Jakab F (2019) Create one new species in the genus Rotavirus, family Reoviridae 2019.029M. bkrota@hotmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.029M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  49. 49.

    Freitas-Astúa J, Dietzgen RG, Walker PJ, Blasdell KR, Breyta R, Fooks AR, Kondo H, Kurath G, Kuzmin IV, Stone DM, Tesh RB, Tordo N, Vasilakis N, Whitfield AE, Ramos-González PL (2019) Create 12 new species in the genus Cytorhabdovirus, family Rhabdoviridae 2019.030M. r.dietzgen@uq.edu.au. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.030M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  50. 50.

    Freitas-Astúa J, Dietzgen RG, Walker PJ, Blasdell KR, Breyta R, Fooks AR, Kondo H, Kurath G, Kuzmin IV, Stone DM, Tesh RB, Tordo N, Vasilakis N, Whitfield AE, Ramos-González PL (2019) Split the genus Nucleorhabdovirus, creating three new genera (Alphanucleorhabdovirus, Betanucleorhabdovirus and Gammanucleorhabdovirus) comprising 15 species, including six new species, in the family Rhabdoviridae 2019.031M. Juliana.astua@embrapa.br. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.031M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  51. 51.

    Walker PJ, Blasdell KR, Dietzgen RG, Freitas-Astúa J, Kondo H, Kurath G, Kuzmin IV, Stone DM, Tesh RB, Vasilakis N, Whitfield AE (2019) Create one new genus (Ohlsrhavirus), including five new species in the family Rhabdoviridae 2019.032M. peter.walker@uq.edu.au. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.032M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  52. 52.

    Walker PJ, Blasdell KR, Dietzgen RG, Freitas-Astúa J, Kondo H, Kurath G, Kuzmin IV, Tesh RB, Tordo N, Vasilakis N, Whitfield AE (2019) Create one new species in the genus Almendravirus, family Rhabdoviridae 2019.033M. peter.walker@uq.edu.au. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.033M.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  53. 53.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg M, Oberste S, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers K, Woo P (2019) Create one new species (Anativirus B) in the genus Anativirus 2019.001S. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.001S.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  54. 54.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg M, Oberste S, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers K, Woo P (2019) Create one new genus (Boosepivirus) with three species (Boosepivirus A, Boosepivirus B and Boosepivirus C) 2019.002S. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.002S.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  55. 55.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg M, Oberste S, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers K, Woo P (2019) Create three new species (Cardiovirus D, Cardiovirus E and Cardiovirus F) in the genus Cardiovirus 2019.003S. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.003S.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  56. 56.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg M, Oberste S, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers K, Woo P (2019) Create two new genera (Crahelivirus and Gruhelivirus), each with one species (Crahelivirus A and Gruhelivirus A) 2019.004S. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.004S.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  57. 57.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg M, Oberste S, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers K, Woo P (2019) Create one new genus (Diresapivirus) with two species (Diresapivirus A and Diresapivirus B) 2019.005S. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.005S.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  58. 58.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg M, Oberste S, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers K, Woo P (2019) Create one new genus (Felipivirus) with one species (Felipivirus A) 2019.006S. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.006S.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  59. 59.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg M, Oberste S, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers K, Woo P (2019) Create one new genus (Fipivirus) with five species (Fipivirus A, Fipivirus B, Fipivirus C, Fipivirus D and Fipivirus E) 2019.007S. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.007S.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  60. 60.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg M, Oberste S, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers K, Woo P (2019) Create one new genus (Grusopivirus) with two species (Grusopivirus A and Grusopivirus B) in the family Picornaviridae 2019.008S. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.008S.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  61. 61.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg M, Oberste S, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers K, Woo P (2019) Create five new genera (Hemipivirus, Myrropivirus, Pemapivirus, Symapivirus, Tropivirus), each with one species (Hemipivirus A, Myrropivirus A, Pemapivirus A, Symapivirus A, Tropivirus A) 2019.009S. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.009S.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  62. 62.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg M, Oberste S, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers K, Woo P (2019) Create one new genus (Ludopivirus) with one species (Ludopivirus A) 2019.010S. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.010S.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  63. 63.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg M, Oberste S, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers K, Woo P (2019) Create one new species (Mosavirus B) in the genus Mosavirus 2019.011S. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.011S.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  64. 64.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg M, Oberste S, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers K, Woo P (2019) Create one new genus (Mupivirus) with one species (Mupivirus A) 2019.012S. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.012S.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  65. 65.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg M, Oberste S, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers K, Woo P (2019) Create one new genus (Parabovirus) with three species (Parabovirus A, Parabovirus B and Parabovirus C) 2019.013S. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.013S.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  66. 66.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg M, Oberste S, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers K, Woo P (2019) Create two new species (Parechovirus E and Parechovirus F) in the genus Parechovirus 2019.014S. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.014S.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  67. 67.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg M, Oberste S, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers K, Woo P (2019) Create one new species (Potamipivirus B) in the genus Potamipivirus 2019.015S. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.015S.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  68. 68.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg M, Oberste S, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers K, Woo P (2019) Create one new species (Rafivirus C) in the genus Rafivirus 2019.016S. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.016S.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  69. 69.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg M, Oberste S, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers K, Woo P (2019) Create one new genus (Rohelivirus) with one species (Rohelivirus A) 2019.017S. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.017S.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  70. 70.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg M, Oberste S, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers K, Woo P (2019) Create one new species (Teschovirus B) in the genus Teschovirus 2019.018S. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.018S.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  71. 71.

    Zell R, Gorbalenya AE, Hovi T, Knowles NJ, Lindberg M, Oberste S, Palmenberg AC, Reuter G, Simmonds P, Skern T, Tapparel C, Wolthers K, Woo P (2019) Create one new species (Tremovirus B) in the genus Tremovirus 2019.019S. roland.zell@med.uni-jena.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.019S.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  72. 72.

    Brinton MA, Gulyaeva A, Balasuriya UBR, Dunowska M, Faaberg KS, Goldberg T, Leung FC-C, Nauwynck HJ, Snijder EJ, Stadejek T, Gorbalenya AE (2019) Create one new genus (Nuarterivirus); move the existing subgenus Pedartevirus to the genus Iotaarterivirus; rename one species from the subgenus Pedartevirus; create one new species in the new genus Nuarterivirus; create one new subgenus and two new species in the existing genus Betaarterivirus, family Arteriviridae 2019.020S. mbrinton@gsu.edu. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.020S-023S.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  73. 73.

    Ziebuhr J, Baker S, Baric RS, de Groot RJ, Drosten C, Gulyaeva AA, Haagmans BL, Neuman BW, Perlman S, Poon LLM, Sola I, Gorbalenya AE (2019) Create eight new species in the subfamily Orthocoronavirinae of the family Coronaviridae and four new species and a new genus in the subfamily Serpentovirinae of the family Tobaniviridae 2019.021S. john.ziebuhr@viro.med.uni-giessen.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.020S-023S.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  74. 74.

    Gorbalenya AE, Gulyaeva AA, Hobson-Peters J, Junglen S, Morita K, Sawabe K, Vasilakis N, Ziebuhr J (2019) Create one new species in the genus Alphamesonivirus of the family Mesoniviridae and one new species in the genus Okavirus, family Roniviridae 2019.022S. A.E.Gorbalenya@lumc.nl. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.020S-023S.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  75. 75.

    Gorbalenya AE, Brinton MA, de Groot RJ, Gulyaeva AA, Lauber C, Neuman BW, Ziebuhr J (2019) Create five new families and a new suborder of vertebrate viruses in the order Nidovirales 2019.023S. http://A.E.Gorbalenya@lumc.nl. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.020S-023S.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  76. 76.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create in the family Siphoviridae one new genus (Montyvirus) containing four new species and one existing species moved from the genus Woesvirus 2019.001B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.001B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  77. 77.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create in the family Siphoviridae one new genus (Kilunavirus) with one existing species moved from the genus Septimatrevirus 2019.002B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.002B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  78. 78.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Apricotvirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.003B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.003B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  79. 79.

    Nilsson E, Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM, Holmfeldt K (2019) Create one new genus (Barbavirus) including five new species in the family Myoviridae 2019.004B. karin.holmfeldt@lnu.se. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.004B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  80. 80.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Bridgettevirus) including five new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.005B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.005B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  81. 81.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Daredevilvirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.006B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.006B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  82. 82.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Coralvirus) including two new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.007B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.007B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  83. 83.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Fairfaxidumvirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.008B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.008B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  84. 84.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Godonkavirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.009B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.009B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  85. 85.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Gillianvirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.010B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.010B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  86. 86.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Goodmanvirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.011B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.011B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  87. 87.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Rohde M, Korf I, Wittmann J (2019) Create one new genus (Goslarvirus) including one new species in the family Myoviridae 2019.012B. jow12@dsmz.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.012B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  88. 88.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Harbinvirus) including five new species in the subfamily Twortvirinae, family Herelleviridae 2019.013B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.013B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  89. 89.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Jacevirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.014B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.014B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  90. 90.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Juiceboxvirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.015B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.015B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  91. 91.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Krampusvirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.016B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.016B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  92. 92.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Luckybarnesvirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.017B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.017B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  93. 93.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Luckytenvirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.018B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.018B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  94. 94.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Mementomorivirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.019B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.019B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  95. 95.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Oneupvirus) including one new species and one species moved from the genus Smoothievirus, in the family Siphoviridae 2019.020B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.020B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  96. 96.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Picardvirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.021B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.021B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  97. 97.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Qingdaovirus) including one new species in the family Myoviridae 2019.022B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.022B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  98. 98.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Quhwahvirus) including three new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.023B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.023B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  99. 99.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Rogerhendrixvirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.024B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.024B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  100. 100.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Ronaldovirus) including two new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.025B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.025B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  101. 101.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Ruthyvirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.026B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.026B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  102. 102.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Samwavirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.027B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.027B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  103. 103.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Sansavirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.028B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com, https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.028B.zip. Accessed on 17 May 2020

  104. 104.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Schiekvirus) in the subfamily Brockvirinae, family Herelleviridae 2019.029B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.029B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  105. 105.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Schubertvirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.030B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.030B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  106. 106.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Wittmann J (2019) Create one new genus (Shizishanvirus) including one new species in the family Podoviridae 2019.032B. jow12@dsmz.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.032B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  107. 107.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Sonalivirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.033B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.033B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  108. 108.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Squashvirus) including two new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.034B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.034B.zip. Accessed on 17 May 2020

  109. 109.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Terapinvirus) including two new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.035B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com, https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.035B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  110. 110.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Trinevirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.036B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.036B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  111. 111.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Rohde M, Korf I, Wittmann J (2019) Create one new genus (Xuquatrovirus) including one new species in the family Podoviridae 2019.037B. jow12@dsmz.de, https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.037B.zip. Accessed on 17 May 2020

  112. 112.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Abbeymikolonvirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.038B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.038B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  113. 113.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new subfamily (Agapirovirinae), move the genus Phicbkvirus, and create three new genera including five new species, in the family Siphoviridae 2019.039B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.039B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  114. 114.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Armstrongvirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.040B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.040B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  115. 115.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Attoomivirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.041B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.041B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  116. 116.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Austintatiousvirus) including three new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.042B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.042B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  117. 117.

    Łobocka M, Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Baoshanvirus) including two new species in the subfamily Twortvirinae, family Herelleviridae 2019.043B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.043B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  118. 118.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Andrewvirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.045B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.045B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  119. 119.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Appavirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.046B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.046B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  120. 120.

    Kropinski AM, Anany, H, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new family (Chaseviridae) including six new genera in the order Caudovirales 2019.047B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.047B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  121. 121.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I (2019) Abolish one genus (Chungbukvirus) including one species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.048B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.048B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  122. 122.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create 12 new genera including 16 new species in the family Myoviridae 2019.049B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.049B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  123. 123.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create 16 new genera including 24 new species in the family Myoviridae 2019.050B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.050B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  124. 124.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Poranen M (2019) Create one new subfamily (Tybeckvirinae) including four new genera in the family Siphoviridae 2019.051B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.051B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  125. 125.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Derbicusvirus) including one new species in the family Myoviridae 2019.052B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.052B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  126. 126.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Edenvirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.053B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.053B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  127. 127.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I (2019) Move four genera, rename two species and one genus, and delete one genus in the order Caudovirales 2019.054B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com, https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.054B.zip. Accessed on 17 May 2020

  128. 128.

    Zlatohurska MA, Gorb TY, Romaniuk LV, Korol NA, Faidiuk YV, Kropinski AM, Kushkina AI, Tovkach FI (2019) Create one new genus (Feofaniavirus) including two new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.055B. zlatohurska@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.055B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  129. 129.

    Zeman M, Bárdy P, Vrbovská V, Pantůček R, Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM, Łobocka M (2019) Create one new genus (Fibralongavirus) including two new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.056B. michal.zeman91@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.056B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  130. 130.

    Laanto E, Mäntynen S, Sundberg LR, Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Poranen MM, Oksanen HM (2019) Create one new family (Finnlakeviridae) including one new genus (Finnlakevirus) and one new species in the order Caudovirales 2019.057B. hanna.oksanen@helsinki.fi. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.057B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  131. 131.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Franklinbayvirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.058B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.058B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  132. 132.

    Krupovic M, Oksanen HM, Prangishvili D, Dyall-Smith ML (2019) Create one new family (Halspiviridae), move one unassigned genus (Salterprovirus) to the family and rename the type species 2019.059B. mart.krupovic@pasteur.fr. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.059B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  133. 133.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Hiyaavirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.060B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.060B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  134. 134.

    Knezevic P, Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Lavigne R (2019) Create one new order (Tubulavirales) including one new family (Plectroviridae), 19 new genera and one new species 2019.061B. pknezevic20@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.061B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  135. 135.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Lanavirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.062B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.062B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  136. 136.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new subfamily (Langleyhallvirinae) including three new genera in the family Siphoviridae 2019.063B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.063B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  137. 137.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Lentavirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.064B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.064B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  138. 138.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Majavirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.065B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.065B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  139. 139.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Maxrubnervirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.066B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.066B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  140. 140.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Metamorphoovirus) including three new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.067B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.067B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  141. 141.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Wittmann J (2019) Create one new genus (Mukerjeevirus) including four new species in the family Podoviridae 2019.068B. jow12@dsmz.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.068B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  142. 142.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Murrayvirus) including of two new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.069B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.069B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  143. 143.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create ten new genera including 13 new species in the family Myoviridae 2019.070B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.070B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  144. 144.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Neferthenavirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.071B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.071B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  145. 145.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Turner D (2019) Create one new genus (Saclayvirus) including three new species in the family Myoviridae 2019.072B. Dann2.Turner@uwe.ac.uk. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.072B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  146. 146.

    van Zyl LJ, Lueder MR, Bishop-Lilly KA, Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM (2019) Create 24 new genera including 26 new species and move 12 species to the new genera in the subfamily Peduovirinae, family Myoviridae 2019.073B. matthew.r.lueder.ctr@mail.mil. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.073B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  147. 147.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Petsuvirus) including one new species in the family Myoviridae 2019.074B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.074B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  148. 148.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Rohde M, Korf I, Wittmann J (2019) Create one new genus (Phapecoctavirus) including five new species in the family Myoviridae 2019.075B. jow12@dsmz.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.075B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  149. 149.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create four new genera including six new species in the family Podoviridae 2019.076B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.076B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  150. 150.

    Krupovic M, Tolstoy I, Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM (2019) Abolish one species and create a new type species in the genus Psimunavirus in the family Siphoviridae 2019.077B. mart.krupovic@pasteur.fr. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.077B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  151. 151.

    Łobocka M, Głowacka-Rutkowska A, Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM Create one new subfamily (Rakietenvirinae) including two new genera in the family Podoviridae 2019.078B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.078B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  152. 152.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Raleighvirus) including two new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.079B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.079B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  153. 153.

    Morozova VV, Fofanov MV, Kozlova YN, Tikunov AY, Babkin IV, Tikunova NV (2019) Create one new species (Raoultella virus RP180) in the genus Kagunavirus, subfamily Guernseyvirinae, family Siphoviridae 2019.080B. morozova@niboch.nsc.ru. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.080B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  154. 154.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Tolstoy I (2019) Create two new genera (Ryyoungvirus and Kelquatrovirus) including one new species and one species moved from the genus Rauchvirus, in family Podoviridae 2019.081B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.081B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  155. 155.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Tigunavirus) including one species moved from the genus Lomovskayavirus in the family Siphoviridae 2019.082B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.082B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  156. 156.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Rename eight species in family Siphoviridae 2019.083B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.083B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  157. 157.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Rowavirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.084B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.084B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  158. 158.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Sashavirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.085B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.085B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  159. 159.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Schmittlotzvirus) including one new species in the family Myoviridae 2019.086B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.086B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  160. 160.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Schnabeltiervirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.087B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.087B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  161. 161.

    Łobocka M, Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Sciuriunavirus) including one new species in the subfamily Twortvirinae, family Herelleviridae 2019.088B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.088B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  162. 162.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Seussvirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.089B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.089B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  163. 163.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Rohde M, Korf I, Wittmann J (2019) Create one new genus (Taipeivirus) including six new species in the family Ackermannviridae 2019.090B. jow12@dsmz.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.090B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  164. 164.

    De Paepe M, Petit M-A, Cornuault JK (2019) Create eight new genera including eight new species in the order Caudovirales for Faecalibacterium phages 2019.091B. jeffrey.cornuault.1@ulaval.ca. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.091B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  165. 165.

    Kim JG, Krupovic M, Rhee SK (2019) Create one new family (Thaspiviridae) including one new genus (Nitmarvirus) and one new species for spindle-shaped viruses infecting mesophilic archaea 2019.092B. mart.krupovic@pasteur.fr. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.092B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  166. 166.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create three new genera including three new species in the family Siphoviridae for Arthrobacter phages 2019.093B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.093B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  167. 167.

    Knezevic P, Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Vojvodinavirus) including four new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.094B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.094B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  168. 168.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Wellingtonvirus) including one new species in the family Myoviridae 2019.095B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.095B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  169. 169.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Rohde M, Korf I, Wittmann J (2019) Create one new genus (Wifcevirus) including four new species in the family Myoviridae 2019.096B. jow12@dsmz.de. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.096B.zip. Accessed on 17 May 2020

  170. 170.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Zetavirus) including one new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.097B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.097B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  171. 171.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Sullivan MB, Tóth I, Bishop-Lilly KA; Lueder MR, Jang HB, Barylski J (2019) Create one new family (Demerecviridae) including three new subfamilies and six new genera in the order Caudovirales 2019.099B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.099B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  172. 172.

    Kropinski AM, Sullivan MB, Bishop-Lilly KA; Lueder MR, Jang HB, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new family (Drexlerviridae) including three new subfamilies, and 12 new genera - an in silico taxonomic reassessment of the T1-like viruses in the order Caudovirales 2019.100B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.100B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  173. 173.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Phabquatrovirus) including one new species in the family Myoviridae 2019.101B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.101B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  174. 174.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new genus (Vashvirus) including two new species in the family Siphoviridae 2019.102B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.102B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  175. 175.

    Turner D, Kropinski AM, Alfernas-Zerbini P, Buttimer C, Lavigne R, Bister JR, Tolstoy I, Morozova VV, Babkin IV, Kozlova YN, Tikunov AY, Tikunova NV, Adriaenssens EM (2019) Create one new family (Autographiviridae) including nine subfamilies and 132 genera in the order Caudovirales 2019.103B. Dann2.Turner@uwe.ac.uk. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.103B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  176. 176.

    Oksanen HM, Krupovic M (2019) Rename eight species in the family Pleolipoviridae 2019.104B. hanna.oksanen@helsinki.fi. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.104B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  177. 177.

    Demina T, Krupovic M, Oksanen HM (2019) Create seven new species in the genus Betapleolipovirus, family Pleolipoviridae 2019.105B. hanna.oksanen@helsinki.fi. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.105B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  178. 178.

    Liu Y, Prangishvili D, Krupovic M (2019) Create one new genus (Alphalipothrixvirus) including two new species, and one new species in the genus Deltalipothrixvirus, family Lipothrixviridae 2019.106B. mart.krupovic@pasteur.fr. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.106B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  179. 179.

    Liu Y, Prangishvili D, Krupovic M (2019) Create one new species in the genus Alphaportoglobovirus, family Portogloboviridae 2019.107B. mart.krupovic@pasteur.fr. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.107B.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  180. 180.

    Ayllón MA, Marzano S-Y, Jiang D (2019) Create one new genus (Hubramonavirus) including two new species in the family Mymonaviridae 2019.001F. mariaangeles.ayllon@upm.es. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.001F.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  181. 181.

    Kotta-Loizou I, Coutts RHA (2019) Create one new family (Polymycoviridae) including one new genus (Polymycovirus) and ten new species 2019.002F. i.kotta-loizou13@imperial.ac.uk. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.002F.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  182. 182.

    Fiallo-Olivé E (2019) Create one new species in the genus Turncurtovirus, family Geminiviridae 2019.001P. efiallo@eelm.csic.es. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.001P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  183. 183.

    Lett J-M, Martin DP, Roumagnac P, Varsani A (2019) Create one new species in the genus Mastrevirus, family Geminiviridae 2019.002P. lett@cirad.fr. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.002P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  184. 184.

    Navarro B, Minutolo M, Alioto D, Di Serio F (2019) Create one new species in the genus Coguvirus, family Phenuiviridae, order Bunyavirales 2019.004P. beatriz.navarro@ipsp.cnr.it. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.004P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  185. 185.

    Melzer M, Freitas-Astua J, Rodrigues JCV, Roy A (2019) Create one new species in the genus Blunervirus, family Kitaviridae 2019.005P. melzer@hawaii.edu. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.005P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  186. 186.

    Adkins S, Naidu R, Resende R, Turina M, Whitfield A, Lambert A, Zerbini FM (2019) Create eight new species in the genus Orthotospovirus, family Tospoviridae 2019.006P. scott.adkins@ars.usda.gov. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.006P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  187. 187.

    Fuchs M, Bar-Joseph M, Candresse T, Martelli GP, Maree H, Melzer MJ, Menzel W, Minafra A, Sabanadzovic S (2019) Create four new species in the genus Closterovirus, family Closteroviridae 2019.007P. mf13@cornell.edu. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.007P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  188. 188.

    Sanfaçon H, Dasgupta I, Fuchs M, Karasev A, Petrzik K, Thompson JR, Tzanetakis I, van der Vlugt R, Wetzel T, Yoshikawa N (2019) Create three new subgenera in the genus Sadwavirus, family Secoviridae 2019.008P. Helene.Sanfacon@canada.ca. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.008P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  189. 189.

    Varsani A, Roumagnac P, Lett J-M, Martin DP (2019) Create six new species in the subfamily Geminialphasatellitinae and two new species in the subfamily Nanoalphasatellitinae, in the family Alphasatellitidae 2019.009P. http://arvind.varsani@asu.edu. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.009P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  190. 190.

    Hassan M, Martin RR, Di Bello PL, Keller KE, Sabanadzovic S, Tzanetakis IE (2019) Create one new species (Blackberry leaf mottle associated virus) in the genus Emaravirus, family Fimoviridae 2019.010P. itzaneta@uark.edu. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.010P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  191. 191.

    Buzkan N, Chiumenti M, Massart S, Sarpkaya K, Karadağ S, Minafra A (2019) Create one new species (Pistacia emaravirus B) in the genus Emaravirus, family Fimoviridae 2019.011P. angelantonio.minafra@ipsp.cnr.it. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.011P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  192. 192.

    Thekke-Veetil T, Tzanetakis I (2019) Create one new genus (Ravavirus) in the family Betaflexiviridae 2019.012P. thanujatv@gmail.com. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.012P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  193. 193.

    Debat H, Bejerman N (2019) Create one new species (Birdsfoot trefoil enamovirus 1) in the genus Enamovirus, family Luteoviridae 2019.013P. debat.humberto@inta.gob.ar. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.013P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  194. 194.

    Filardo FF, Thomas JE, Webb M, Sharman M (2019) Create one new species (Faba bean polerovirus 1) in the genus Polerovirus, family Luteoviridae 2019.014P. fiona.filardo@daf.qld.gov.au. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.014P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  195. 195.

    Teycheney P-Y, Umber M, Vončina D, Almeida R, Geering A (2019) Create two new genera (Dioscovirus and Vaccinivirus) including two new species, and two new species in the genus Badnavirus, in the family Caulimoviridae 2019.015P. teycheney@cirad.fr. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.015P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  196. 196.

    Wylie S, Kreuze JF, Lopez-Moya JJ, Makinen K, Inoue-Nagata AK, Ohshima K, Wang A (2019) Create eight new species in the genus Potyvirus 2019.016P. s.wylie@murdoch.edu.au. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.016P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  197. 197.

    Wylie S, Kreuze JF, Lopez-Moya JJ, Makinen K, Inoue-Nagata AK, Ohshima K, Wang A (2019) Create two new species in genus Macluravirus 2019.017P. s.wylie@murdoch.edu.au. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.017P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  198. 198.

    Wylie S, Kreuze JF, Lopez-Moya JJ, Makinen K, Inoue-Nagata AK, Ohshima K, Wang A (2019) Create one new species in genus Roymovirus, family Potyviridae 2019.018P. s.wylie@murdoch.edu.au. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.018P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  199. 199.

    Wylie S, Kreuze JF, Lopez-Moya JJ, Makinen K, Inoue-Nagata AK, Ohshima K, Wang A (2019) Create one new genus (Arepavirus) including two new species, in the family Potyviridae 2019.019P. s.wylie@murdoch.edu.au. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.019P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  200. 200.

    Wylie S, Kreuze JF, Lopez-Moya JJ, Makinen K, Inoue-Nagata AK, Ohshima K, Wang A (2019) Create one new genus Celavirus including one new species in the family Potyviridae 2019.020P. s.wylie@murdoch.edu. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.020P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  201. 201.

    Scheets K (2019) Move the genus Avenavirus into subfamily Procedovirinae, family Tombusviridae 2019.021P. kay.scheets@okstate.edu. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.021P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  202. 202.

    Fiallo-Olivé E, Navas-Castillo J (2019) Create 16 new species and abolish one species in the genus Begomovirus, family Geminiviridae 2019.022P. efiallo@eelm.csic.es. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.022P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  203. 203.

    Okada R, Valverde RA, Sabanadzovic S (2019) Create seven new species in the family Endornaviridae 2019.023P. ss501@msstate.edu. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.023P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  204. 204.

    Lozier Z, Miller WA (2019) Create four new species in the family Luteoviridae 2019.024P. wamiller@iastate.edu. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.024P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  205. 205.

    Aboughanem-Sabanadzovic N, Valverde RA, Di Serio F, Sabanadzovic S (2019) Create one new family (Mayoviridae) and one new genus (Pteridovirus) 2019.025P. ss501@msstate.edu. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.025P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  206. 206.

    Flores R (2019) Create one new species in the genus Pelamoviroid, family Avsunviroidae 2019.026P. rflores@ibmcp.upv.es. https://ictv.global/ICTV/proposals/2019.026P.zip. Accessed 17 May 2020

  207. 207.

    Gorbalenya AE, Krupovic M, Siddell S, Varsani A, Kuhn JH (2018) Riboviria: a single taxon that comprises RNA viruses at the basal rank of virus taxonomy 2017.006G. a.e.gorbalenya@lumc.nl. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2017.006G.A.v3.Riboviria.zip Accessed 23 May 2020

  208. 208.

    Wolf YI, Kazlauskas D, Iranzo J, Lucía-Sanz A, Kuhn JH, Krupovic M, Dolja VV, Koonin EV (2018) Origins and evolution of the global RNA virome. MBio. https://doi.org/10.1128/mbio.02329-18

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  209. 209.

    Kuhn JH, Wolf YI, Krupovic M, Zhang YZ, Maes P, Dolja VV, Koonin EV (2019) Classify viruses - the gain is worth the pain. Nature 566:318–320. https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-019-00599-8

    Article  Google Scholar 

  210. 210.

    Wolf YI, Kazlauskas D, Iranzo J, Lucía-Sanz A, Kuhn JH, Krupovic M, Dolja VV, Koonin EV (2019) Reply to Holmes and Duchêne, “Can sequence phylogenies safely infer the origin of the global virome?”: deep phylogenetic analysis of RNA viruses is highly challenging but not meaningless. MBio 10:e00542-19. https://doi.org/10.1128/mBio.00542-19

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  211. 211.

    Koonin EV, Dolja VV, Krupovic M, Varsani A, Wolf YI, Yutin N, Zerbini FM, Kuhn J (2020) Global organization and proposed megataxonomy of the virus world. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 84:e00061-19. https://doi.org/10.1128/MMBR.00061-19

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Arcady R. Mushegian.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest. A.R.M. is a Program Director at the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF); the statements and opinions expressed herein are made in a personal capacity and do not constitute endorsement by NSF or the government of the United States. Mention of trade names or commercial products in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information and does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. USDA is an Equal Opportunity Provider and Employer. The content of this publication does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the US Department of Health and Human Services or of the institutions and companies affiliated with the authors. This work was supported in part through Laulima Government Solutions, LLC’s prime contract with the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) under Contract No. HHSN272201800013C. J.H.K. performed this work as an employee of Tunnell Government Services (TGS), a subcontractor of Laulima Government Solutions, LLC under Contract No. HHSN272201800013C. N.J.K. is partially supported by core funding provided by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, UK. B.E.D. is supported by Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Vidi grant 864.14.004 and European Research Council (ERC) Consolidator grant 865694: DiversiPHI. B.H. is partially supported by National Research, Development and Innovation Office – NKFIH, NN128309. S.S. acknowledges partial support from Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station (MAFES), Mississippi State University and the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, US Department of Agriculture, Hatch Project 1021494. E.M.A. was funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC); this research was funded by the BBSRC Institute Strategic Programme Gut Microbes and Health BB/R012490/1 and its constituent projects BBS/E/F/000PR10353 and BBS/E/F/000PR10356. S.J. is supported by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) under project number 01KI1716 as part of the Research Network Zoonotic Infectious Diseases. FMZ is partially supported by CAPES (Finance Code 001). None of the work reported involved research on human participants or animals. All authors have contributed to this work and agreed to its publication. Except for Donald M. Dempsey, R. Curtis Hendrickson, Richard J. Orton and Donald B. Smith, the authors were members of the ICTV Executive Committee during the relevant period.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Handling Editor: Tim Skern.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Walker, P.J., Siddell, S.G., Lefkowitz, E.J. et al. Changes to virus taxonomy and the Statutes ratified by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2020). Arch Virol 165, 2737–2748 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-020-04752-x

Download citation