Changes to virus taxonomy and the International Code of Virus Classification and Nomenclature ratified by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2019)

Abstract

This article reports the changes to virus taxonomy approved and ratified by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) in February 2019. Of note, in addition to seven new virus families, the ICTV has approved, by an absolute majority, the creation of the realm Riboviria, a likely monophyletic group encompassing all viruses with positive-strand, negative-strand and double-strand genomic RNA that use cognate RNA-directed RNA polymerases for replication.

Introduction

Changes and updates to virus taxonomy (the universal scheme of virus classification of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses [ICTV]) take place annually and are the result of a multi-stage process. In accordance with the ICTV Statutes (http://ictv.global/statutes.asp), proposals submitted to the ICTV Executive Committee (EC) undergo a review process that involves input from the ICTV Study Groups (SGs) and Subcommittees (SCs), other interested virologists, and the EC. After final approval by the EC, proposals are presented for review and ratification to the full ICTV membership by publication on the ICTV website (http://ictv.global) followed by an electronic vote.

The latest set of proposals approved by the EC was made available on the ICTV website in January 2019 (see http://ictv.global/proposals-2018/ for all proposals combined into a single zip file, and use the links provided in the References to access individual proposals). A list of proposals was then emailed on January 12, 2019 to the 162 members of ICTV, namely the EC Members, Life Members, ICTV Subcommittee Members (including the SG chairs) and ICTV National Representatives. Members were then requested to vote on whether to ratify the taxonomic proposals. Voting closed on February 15, 2019.

Changes to virus taxonomy, the International Code of Virus Classification and Nomenclature (ICTV Code), and the appointment of a new ICTV Life Member

All proposals [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49,50,51,52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61,62,63,64,65,66,67,68,69,70,71,72,73,74,75,76,77,78,79,80,81,82,83,84,85,86,87,88,89,90,91,92,93,94,95,96,97,98,99,100,101,102,103,104,105,106,107,108,109,110,111,112,113,114,115,116,117,118,119,120,121,122,123,124,125,126,127,128,129,130,131,132,133,134,135,136,137,138,139,140,141,142,143,144,145,146,147,148,149,150,151,152,153,154,155,156,157,158,159,160,161,162,163,164,165,166,167,168,169,170,171,172,173,174,175,176,177,178,179,180,181,182,183,184,185,186,187,188,189,190,191,192,193,194,195,196,197,198,199,200,201,202,203,204,205,206,207,208,209,210,211,212,213,214,215,216] were ratified by ICTV members, in every case receiving an absolute majority of votes, between 60 and 64% of eligible voters. A summary of the taxonomy changes enacted by the ratified proposals is provided in Table 1. Each proposal is cited and listed in the References to acknowledge the authors’ efforts and to provide links to the specific document source on the ICTV website. These documents remain available for those who wish to see the full details.

Table 1 Summary of taxonomic changes approved in February 2019

The introduction, in late 2018, of additional ranks in virus taxonomy has necessitated several changes in the ICTV Code. The amended Code had been approved by the EC and has been ratified by ICTV voting on an additional ballot question. The Code can be found at http://ictv.global/code.asp.

Finally, Dr. Michael J. Adams has been elected as a Life Member, following nomination by the President, recommendation by the Executive Committee, and ratification by the ICTV membership [217]. Dr. Adams served the EC and ICTV in various capacities from 2001 till 2017, most recently as EC Business Secretary.

Perhaps the most notable taxonomic change approved in this ratification is the establishment of the realm Riboviria, a likely monophyletic clade of viruses with positive-strand, double-strand or negative-strand genomic RNA that use cognate RNA-directed RNA polymerases (RdRPs) for replication [2]. The realm Riboviria is placed at the highest taxonomic rank permitted by the ICTV Code. The evidence for monophyly of RNA viruses and for various clades within Riboviria has been accumulating over the years from phylogenetic analyses of the universal marker, RdRP, supplemented by comparison of additional molecular traits shared by subsets of RNA viruses [2, 218,219,220].

Conclusion

All proposals submitted to ratification were ratified by an absolute majority of the ICTV, and the changes proposed are now part of official ICTV taxonomy. An up-to-date list of all approved taxa can be found on the ICTV online website: http://ictv.global/msl.htm.

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    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Noxifervirus, containing one new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.006B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.006B.A.v1.Noxifervirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  50. 50.

    Uchiyama J, Jang H-B, Klumpp J, Petty NK, Prangishvili D, Aziz RK, Brister RJ, van Zyl L, Edwards R, Oksanen H, Tong Y, Wittmann J, Kropinski AM, Rumnieks J, Clokie M, Dutilh BE, Alfenas-Zerbinin P, Duffy S, Lavigne R, Gillis A, Enault F, Lobocka M, Adriaenssens E, Sullivan M, Knezevic P, Barylsk J, Poranen M, Turner D, Krupovic M, Switt AM (2018) Rename 137 phage genera and six species in the order Caudovirales 2018.007B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.007B.A.v4.rename137gen6sp.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  51. 51.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Bantamvirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.008B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.008B.A.v1.Bantamvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  52. 52.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Bendigovirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.009B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.009B.A.v2.Bendigovirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  53. 53.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Eyrevirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.010B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.010B.A.v1.Eyrevirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  54. 54.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Galunavirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.011B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.011B.A.v1.Galunavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  55. 55.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Gamtrevirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.012B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.012B.A.v1.Gamtrevirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  56. 56.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Gorjumvirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.013B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.013B.A.v1.Gorjumvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  57. 57.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Jasminevirus, containing two new species, in the family Podoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.014B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.014B.A.v1.Jasminevirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  58. 58.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Orchidvirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.016B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.016B.A.v1.Orchidvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  59. 59.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Poushouvirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.017B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.017B.A.v1.Poushouvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  60. 60.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Yvonnevirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.018B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.018B.A.v1.Yvonnevirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  61. 61.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Bowservirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.019B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.019B.A.v1.Bowservirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  62. 62.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Galaxyvirus, containing two new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.020B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.020B.A.v1.Galaxyvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  63. 63.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Gesputvirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.021B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.021B.A.v1.Gesputvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  64. 64.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Ghobesvirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.022B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.022B.A.v1.Ghobesvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  65. 65.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Gustavvirus, containing two new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.023B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.023B.A.v1.Gustavvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  66. 66.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Alcyoneusvirus, containing two new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.024B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.024B.A.v2.Alcyoneusvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  67. 67.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Asteriusvirus, containing two new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.025B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.025B.A.v1.Asteriusvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  68. 68.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Eneladusvirus, containing two species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.026B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.026B.A.v1.Eneladusvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  69. 69.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Mimasvirus, containing two new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.027B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.027B.A.v1.Mimasvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  70. 70.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Hedwigvirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.028B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.028B.A.v1.Hedwigvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  71. 71.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Nyceiraevirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.029B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.029B.A.v1.Nyceiraevirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  72. 72.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Polybotosvirus, containing one new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.030B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.030B.A.v1.Polybotosvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  73. 73.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Tortellinivirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.031B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.031B.A.v1.Tortellinivirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  74. 74.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Bingvirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.032B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.032B.A.v1.Bingvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  75. 75.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Wittmann J (2018) Create one new genus, Cimpunavirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.033B. jow12@dsmz.de. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.033B.A.v1.Cimpunavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  76. 76.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Cinunavirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.034B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.034B.A.v1.Cinunavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  77. 77.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Dismasvirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.035B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.035B.A.v1.Dismasvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  78. 78.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Elerivirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.036B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.036B.A.v1.Elerivirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  79. 79.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Ilzatvirus, containing two new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.037B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.037B.A.v1.Ilzatvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  80. 80.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Kojivirus, containing two new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.038B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.038B.A.v1.Kojivirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  81. 81.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Minunavirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.039B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.039B.A.v1.Minunavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  82. 82.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Pikminvirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.040B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.040B.A.v1.Pikminvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  83. 83.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Rimavirus, containing two new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.041B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.041B.A.v1.Rimavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  84. 84.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Scapunavirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.042B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.042B.A.v1.Scapunavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  85. 85.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Vidquintavirus, containing one species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.043B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.043B.A.v1.Vidquintavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  86. 86.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new species in the genus Amigovirus, family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.044B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.044B.A.v1.Amigovirus_sp.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  87. 87.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Ahduovirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.045B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.045B.A.v1.Ahduovirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  88. 88.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Krupovic M (2018) Create one new genus, Aqualcavirus, containing one new species, in the family Podoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.046B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.046B.A.v1.Aqualcavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  89. 89.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Ceetrepovirus, containing three new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.047B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.047B.A.v1.Ceetrepovirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  90. 90.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Chunghsingvirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.048B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.048B.A.v1.Chunghsingvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  91. 91.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Gofduovirus, containing one new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.049B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.049B.A.v1.Gofduovirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  92. 92.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Ikedavirus, containing two new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.050B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.050B.A.v1.Ikedavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  93. 93.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Lilyvirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.052B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.052B.A.v1.Lilyvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  94. 94.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Nazgulvirus, containing one new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.053B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.053B.A.v1.Nazgulvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  95. 95.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Popoffvirus, containing one new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.054B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.054B.A.v1.Popoffvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  96. 96.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Samistivirus, containing six new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.055B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.055B.A.v1.Samistivirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  97. 97.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Petrovski S (2018) Create one new genus, Tijeunavirus, containing one new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.056B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.056B.A.v1.Tijeunavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  98. 98.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Trinavirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.057B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.057B.A.v1.Trinavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  99. 99.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Vividuovirus, containing three new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.058B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.058B.A.v1.Vividuovirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  100. 100.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Weaselvirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.059B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.059B.A.v1.Weaselvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  101. 101.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Krupovic M (2018) Create one new genus, Wilnyevirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.060B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.060B.A.v1.Wilnyevirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  102. 102.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Aphroditevirus, containing one new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.061B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.061B.A.v1.Aphroditevirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  103. 103.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Betterkatzvirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.062B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.062B.A.v1.Betterkatzvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  104. 104.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Lavigne R, Turner D (2018) Create one new genus, Bifseptvirus, containing two new species, in the family Podoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.063B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.063B.A.v1.Bifseptvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  105. 105.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Colberg O, Carstens AB, Kot W, Hansen LH (2018) Create one new genus, Bjornvirus, containing one new species, in the family Podoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.064B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.064B.A.v1.Bjornvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  106. 106.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Britbratvirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.065B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.065B.A.v1.Britbratvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  107. 107.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Brunovirus, containing one new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.066B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.066B.A.v1.Brunovirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  108. 108.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Bouzari M (2018) Create one new genus, Busanvirus, containing one new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.067B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.067B.A.v1.Busanvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  109. 109.

    Magill D, Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Kulakov L (2018) Create one new genus, Chakrabartyvirus, containing one new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.068B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.068B.A.v1.Chakrabartyvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  110. 110.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Jang B-H (2018) Create one new genus, Chungbukvirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.069B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.069B.A.v1.Chungbukvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  111. 111.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Emalynvirus, containing four new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.070B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.070B.A.v1.Emalynvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  112. 112.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Klumpp J, Lavigne R (2018) Create one new genus, Flaumdravirus, containing two new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.071B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.071B.A.v3.Flaumdravirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  113. 113.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Getseptimavirus, containing two new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.072B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.072B.A.v1.Getseptimavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  114. 114.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Villamor J, Santos F, Antón J (2018) Create one new genus, Holosalinivirus, containing two new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.073B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.073B.A.v1.Holosalinivirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  115. 115.

    Kropinski AM, Ackermann H-W, Adriaenssens E (2018) Create one new genus, Ionavirus, containing one new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.074B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.074B.A.v1.Ionavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  116. 116.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Sasvirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.075B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.075B.A.v1.Sasvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  117. 117.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Jedunavirus, containing three new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.076B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.076B.A.v1.Jedunavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  118. 118.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Villamor J, Santos F, Antón J (2018) Create one new genus, Kairosalinivirus, containing two species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.077B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.077B.A.v1.Kairosalinivirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  119. 119.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Kulakov L (2018) Create one new genus, Krylovvirus, containing one new species, in the family Podoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.078B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.078B.A.v1.Krylovvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  120. 120.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Villamor J, Santos F, Antón J (2018) Create one new genus, Kryposalinivirus, containing two new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.079B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.079B.A.v1.Kryptosalinivirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  121. 121.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Nielsen TK, Carstens AB, Browne P, Neve H, Kot W, Hansen LH (2018) Create one new genus, Lacusarxvirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.080B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.080B.A.v1.Lacusarxvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  122. 122.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Myxoctovirus, containing one new species, in the family Podoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.081B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.081B.A.v1.Myxoctovirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  123. 123.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Nickievirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.082B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.082B.A.v1.Nickievirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  124. 124.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Otagovirus, containing two new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.083B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.083B.A.v1.Otagovirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  125. 125.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Peatvirus, containing one new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.084B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.084B.A.v1.Peatvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  126. 126.

    Magill D, Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Kulakov L (2018) Create one new genus, Plaisancevirus, containing one new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.085B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.085B.A.v1.Plaisancevirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  127. 127.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Colberg O, Carstens AB, Kot W, Hansen LH (2018) Create one new genus, Pollyceevirus, containing one new species, in the family Podoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.086B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.086B.A.v1.Pollyceevirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  128. 128.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Rigallicvirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.087B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.087B.A.v1.Rigallicvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  129. 129.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Ripduovirus, containing one new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.088B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.088B.A.v1.Ripduovirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  130. 130.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens E (2018) Create one new genus, Risingsunvirus, containing one new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.089B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.089B.A.v1.Risingsunvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  131. 131.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Samunavirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.090B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.090B.A.v1.Samunavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  132. 132.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Winklervirus, containing one new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.091B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.091B.A.v1.Winklervirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  133. 133.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Remove two species from the genus Xp10virus, and reassign them to two new genera the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.092B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.092B.A.v2.Siphoviridae_2gen.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  134. 134.

    Krupovic M, Gillis A, le Marrec C (2018) Create one new genus, Gammatectivirus, containing one new species, in the family Tectiviridae 2018.093B. krupovic@pasteur.fr; clehenaff@enscbp.fr. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.093B.A.v1.Gammatectivirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  135. 135.

    Knezevic P, Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM, Lavigne R (2018) Create two new species (unassigned genera) in the family Inoviridae 2018.094B. petar.knezevic@dbe.uns.ac.rs. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.094B.A.v1.Inoviridae_2sp.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  136. 136.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Tong Y (2018) Create one new genus, Nanhaivirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.095B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.095B.A.v1.Nanhaivirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  137. 137.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Lavigne R, Turner D, Yong Y (2018) Create one new genus, Napahaivirus, containing one new species, in the family Podoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.096B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.096B.A.v1.Napahaivirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  138. 138.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Sanovirus, containing two new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.097B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.097B.A.v1.Sanovirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  139. 139.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create two new species in the genus Soupsvirus, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.098B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.098B.A.v2.Soupsvirus_2sp.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  140. 140.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM Djurhuus AIMSM, Carstens AB, Neve H, Kot W, Hansen LH (2018) Create one new genus, Tabernariusvirus, containing one new species, in the family Podoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.099B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.099B.A.v1.Tabernariusvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  141. 141.

    Kropinski AM, Ackermann H-W, Adriaenssens E, Ehrlich K, Ehrlich M (2018) Create one new genus, Thornevirus, containing one new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.100B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.100B.A.v2.Thornevirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  142. 142.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Tidunavirus, containing two new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.101B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.101B.A.v1.Tidunavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  143. 143.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens E (2018) Create one new genus, Trippvirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.102B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.102B.A.v1.Trippvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  144. 144.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Dias RS, Eller MR, de Paula SO (2018) Create one new genus, Vicosavirus, containing new two species, in the family Podoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.103B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.103B.A.v1.Vicosavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  145. 145.

    Huang L, Wang H (2018) Create one new family, Ovaliviridae, containing one new genus, Alphaovalivirus, and one new species 2018.104B. huangl@sun.im.ac.cn. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.104B.A.v1.Ovaliviridae.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  146. 146.

    Bao H, Shahin K, Zhang H, Zhou Y, Pang M, Sun L, Schmidt S, Oliniran A, Wang R (2018) Create one new species, Salmonella virus SP116 in the genus Felixo1virus, subfamily Ounavirinae, family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.105B. ranwang@jaas.ac.cn. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.105B.A.v2.Felixounavirus_sp.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  147. 147.

    Turner D, Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM (2018) Create eleven new species in the genus Friunavirus (renamed from Fri1virus in proposal 2018.007B), subfamily Autographivirinae, family Podoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.106B. dann2.turner@uwe.ac.uk. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.106B.A.v1.Friunavirus_11sp.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  148. 148.

    Turner D, Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM (2018) Create one new genus, Lokivirus, containing two new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.107B. dann2.turner@uwe.ac.uk. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.107B.A.v1.Lokivirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  149. 149.

    Turner D, Buttimer C, Coffey A, Neve H, Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM (2018) Create one new genus, Metrivirus, containing one new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.108B. dann2.turner@uwe.ac.uk. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.108B.A.v1.Metrivirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  150. 150.

    Turner D, Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM (2018) Create four new species in the genus Obolenskvirus, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.109B. dann2.turner@uwe.ac.uk. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.109B.A.v1.Obolenskvirus_4sp.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  151. 151.

    Buttimer C, Turner D, Coffey A, Neve H, Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens E (2018) Create one new genus, Phimunavirus, containing four new species in the subfamily Autographivirinae, family Podoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.110B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.110B.A.v1.Phimunavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  152. 152.

    Turner D, Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM (2018) Create one new genus Vieuvirus, containing two new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.111B. dann2.turner@uwe.ac.uk. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.111B.A.v1.Vieuvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  153. 153.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Peters DL, Dennis JJ (2018) Create 1 new genus, Delepquintavirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.112B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.112B.A.v1.Delepquintavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  154. 154.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Tong Y (2018) Create one new genus, Efquatrovirus, containing fourteen new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.113B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.113B.A.v1.Efquatrovirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  155. 155.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Laanto E, Sundberg L-R (2018) Create one new genus, Ficleduovirus, containing two new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.114B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.114B.A.v1.Ficleduovirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  156. 156.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Bermúdez DEC (2018) Create one new genus, Fipvunavirus, containing two new species, in the family Podoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.115B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.115B.A.v1.Fipvunavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  157. 157.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Jesfedecavirus, containing two new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.116B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.116B.A.v1.Jesfedecavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  158. 158.

    Yazdi M, Bouzari M, Ghaemi EA, Adriaenssens E, Kropinski A (2018) Create one new species (Escherichia virus Golestan) in the genus K1gvirus (rename Kagunavirus) in the subfamily Guernseyvirinae, family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.117B. bouzari@sci.ui.ac.ir. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.117B.A.v1.Kagunavirus_sp.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  159. 159.

    Barylski J, Enault F, Dutilh BE, Schuller MBP, Edwards RA, Gillis A, Klumpp J, Knezevic P, Krupovic M, Kuhn JH, Lavigne R, Oksanen HM, Sullivan MB, Jang H-B, Simmonds P, Aiewsakun P, Wittmann J, Tolstoy I, Brister JR, Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new family Herelleviridae in the order Caudovirales 2018.118B. evelien.adriaenssens@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.118B.A.v4.Herelleviridae.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  160. 160.

    Yazdi M, Bouzari M, Ghaemi EA, Adriaenssens E, Kropinski A (2018) Create one new genus, Gorganvirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.119B. bouzari@sci.ui.ac.ir. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.119B.A.v1.Gorganvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  161. 161.

    van Zyl L, Adriaenssens E, Kropinski A (2018) Create one new genus, Magadivirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.120B. vanzyllj@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.120B.A.v1.Magadivirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  162. 162.

    van Zyl L, Adriaenssens E, Kropinski A (2018) Create one new genus, Shalavirus, containing one new species, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.121B. vanzyllj@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.121B.A.v1.Shalavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  163. 163.

    Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM (2018) Create one new genus, Sourvirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.122B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.122B.A.v1.Sourvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  164. 164.

    Leigh BA, Breitbart M, Bamford DH, Dishaw LJ, Adriaenssens E, Kropinski A, Oksanen HM (2018) Create one new species, Pseudoalteromonas virus Cr39582, in the genus Corticovirus, family Corticoviridae 2018.123B. hanna.oksanen@helsinki.fi. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.123B.A.v1.Corticovirus_sp.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  165. 165.

    van Zyl L, Adriaenssens E, Kropinski A (2018) Create one new genus, Vhulanivirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.124B. vanzyllj@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.124B.A.v1.Vhulanivirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  166. 166.

    Kropinski AM, Tolstoy I, Adriaenssens E (2018) Create sixty-one new species in existing genera of the family Myoviridae 2018.125B. evelien.adriaenssens@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.125B.A.v1.Myoviridae_61sp.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  167. 167.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Myunavirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.126B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.126B.A.v1.Myunavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  168. 168.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Novosibvirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.127B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.127B.A.v1.Novosibvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  169. 169.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Azeredo J, Oliveira H (2018) Create one new genus, Priunavirus, containing one new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.128B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.128B.A.v1.Priunasvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  170. 170.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Sugarlandvirus, containing two new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.129B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.129B.A.v1.Sugarlandvirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  171. 171.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create three new genera, each containing one new species, in the subfamily Tunavirinae, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.130B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.130B.A.v1.Tunavirinae_3gen.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  172. 172.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Bermúdez DEC (2018) Create one new genus, Unahavirus, containing four new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.131B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.131B.A.v1.Unahavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  173. 173.

    Adriaenssens E, Tolstoy I, Kropinski A (2018) Rename one species and create two new species within the order Caudovirales 2018.132B. evelien.adriaenssens@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.132B.A.v1.Caudovirales_2sp1ren.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  174. 174.

    Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM (2018) Create one new genus, Avunavirus, containing five new species in the subfamily Vequintavirinae, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.133B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.133B.A.v1.Vequintavirinae_1gen5sp.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  175. 175.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM (2018) Create one new genus, Cetovirus, containing three new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales. 2018.134B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.134B.A.v1.Cetovirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  176. 176.

    Shahin K, Bouzari M, Wang R (2018) Create one new species, Shigella virus ISF002, within the genus T1virus (rename Tunavirus), subfamily Tunavirinae, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.135B. bouzari@sci.ui.ac.ir; ranwang@jaas.ac.cn. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.135B.A.v1.Tunavirus_sp.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  177. 177.

    Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM (2018) Move species Mycobacterium virus TA17a to the genus Rosebushvirus, subfamily Bclasvirinae, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.136B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.136B.A.v1.Siphoviridae_spmov.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  178. 178.

    Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM (2018) Rename five species and three genera in the family Siphoviridae, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.137B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.137B.A.v1.Siphoviridae_ren5sp.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  179. 179.

    Adriaenssens EM, Kropinski AM (2018) Delete one species from the genus Tulanevirus, in the family Myoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.138B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.138B.A.v1.Tulanevirus_sprem.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  180. 180.

    Kropinski AM, Adriaenssens EM, Toussaint A, Pourcel C (2018) Create one new genus (Beetrevirus) including four new species, in the family Siphoviridae, order Caudovirales 2018.140B. Phage.Canada@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.140B.A.v1.Beetrevirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  181. 181.

    Ghabrial S, Nibert M (2018) Rename one species Helminthosporium victoriae 145S virus (genus Chrysovirus) to Helminthosporium victoriae virus 145S in the family Chrysoviridae 2018.001F. mnibert@hms.harvard.edu. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.001F.A.v2.Chrysovirus_spren.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  182. 182.

    Lang AS, Vlok M, Suttle CA (2018) Assign four new and two unassigned genera to the family Marnaviridae in the order Picornavirales 2018.002F. aslang@mun.ca. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.002F.A.v2.Marnaviridae_4gen.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  183. 183.

    Ayllón MA, Donaire L, Marzano S-Y, Petrzik K, Sánchez-Gracia A, Rozas J, Turina M (2018) Establish one new family, Botourmiaviridae, including one existing (Ourmiavirus) and three new genera (Botoulivirus, Magoulivirus and Scleroulivirus) 2018.003F. mariaangeles.ayllon@upm.es. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.003F.A.Botourmiaviridae.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  184. 184.

    Kotta-Loizou I, Ghabrial SA, Castón JR, Coutts RHA, Hillman BI, Jiang D, Kim D-H, Moriyama H, Suzuki N (2018) Rename one genus, adding one new genus and sixteen new species in the family Chrysoviridae 2018.004F. i.kotta-loizou13@imperial.ac.uk. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.004F.A.v3.Betachrysovirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  185. 185.

    Scheets K, Surapathrudu K, Miller WA (2018) Create three new subfamilies in family Tombusviridae: Procedovirinae, Regressovirinae and Calvusvirinae 2018.001P. kay.scheets@okstate.edu. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.001P.A.v1.Tombusviridae_3subfam.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  186. 186.

    Melzer MJ, Freitas-Astúa J, Rodriguez JCV, Roy A, Wei G (2018) Create one new family Kitaviridae comprising three previously unassigned genera, Cilevirus, Blunervirus and Higrevirus 2018.002P. melzer@hawaii.edu. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.002P.A.Kitaviridae.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  187. 187.

    Scheets K (2018) Create one new species in genus Pelarspovirus in the family Tombusviridae 2018.003P. kay.scheets@okstate.edu. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.003P.A.v1.Pelarspovirus_sp.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  188. 188.

    Scheets K (2018) Correct one species name (Cucumber Bulgarian latent virus) in the family Tombusviridae 2018.004P. kay.scheets@okstate.edu. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.004P.A.v1.Tombusvirus_spren.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  189. 189.

    Marais A, Candresse T (2018) Create one new species (Mume virus A) in the genus Capillovirus, family Betaflexiviridae, order Tymovirales 2018.005P. armelle.marais-colombel@inra.fr. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.005P.A.v1.Capillovirus_spa.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  190. 190.

    Petrzik K, Pribylova J, Koloniuk I, Spak J (2018) Create one new species (Currant virus A) in the genus Capillovirus, family Betaflexiviridae, order Tymovirales 2018.006P. petrzik@umbr.cas.cz. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.006P.A.v1.Capillovirus_spb.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  191. 191.

    Jo Y, Song M-K, Choi H, Park J-S, Lee J-W, Lian S, Lee BC, Cho WK (2018) Create one new species (Grapevine virus T) in the genus Foveavirus, family Betaflexiviridae, order Tymovirales 2018.007P. wonkyong@gmail.com. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.007P.A.v1.Foveavirus_sp.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  192. 192.

    Veerakone S, Liefting LW, Tang J, Ward LI (2018) Create one new species (Actinidia seed borne latent virus) in the genus Prunevirus, family Betaflexiviridae, order Tymovirales 2018.008P. stella.veerakone@mpi.govt.nz. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.008P.A.v1.Prunevirus_sp.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  193. 193.

    Xin M, Wang X (2018) Create one new genus, Wamavirus, containing one new species, family Betaflexiviridae, order Tymovirales 2018.009P. xfwang@ippcaas.cn. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.009P.A.v1.Wamavirus.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  194. 194.

    Hassan M, Tzanetakis IE (2018) Create one new species (Blackberry virus A) in the genus Vitivirus, family Betaflexiviridae, order Tymovirales 2018.010P. itzaneta@uark.edu. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.010P.A.v1.Vitivirus_spa.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

  195. 195.

    Blouin AG, Chooi KM, Warren B, Napier KR, Barrero RA, MacDiarmid RM (2018) Create one new species (Grapevine virus G) in the genus Vitivirus, family Betaflexiviridae, order Tymovirales 2018.011P. Arnaud.blouin@plantandfood.co.nz. https://talk.ictvonline.org/ictv/proposals/2018.011P.A.v1.Vitivirus_spb.zip. Accessed 17 Apr 2019

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Correspondence to Arcady R. Mushegian.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest. A.R.M. is a Program Director at the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF); the statements and opinions expressed herein are made in a personal capacity and do not constitute endorsement by NSF or the government of the United States. Mention of trade names or commercial products in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information and does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. USDA is an Equal Opportunity Provider and Employer. The content of this publication does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services or of the institutions and companies affiliated with the authors. This work was supported in part through Battelle Memorial Institute’s prime contract with the U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) under Contract No. HHSN272200700016I (J.H.K.). N.J.K. is partially supported by core funding provided by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, UK. B.E.D. is supported by Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Vidi Grant 864.14.004. B.H. is partially supported by National Research, Development and Innovation Office–NKFIH, NN128309. A.J.D. is supported by the Medical Research Council (MC_UU_12014/3). S.S. acknowledges partial support from Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station (MAFES), Mississippi State University.

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Walker, P.J., Siddell, S.G., Lefkowitz, E.J. et al. Changes to virus taxonomy and the International Code of Virus Classification and Nomenclature ratified by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2019). Arch Virol 164, 2417–2429 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-019-04306-w

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