In February 2019, following the annual taxon ratification vote, the order Bunyavirales was amended by creation of two new families, four new subfamilies, 11 new genera and 77 new species, merging of two species, and deletion of one species. This article presents the updated taxonomy of the order Bunyavirales now accepted by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV).
Similar content being viewed by others
The virus order Bunyavirales was established in 2017 to accommodate related viruses with segmented, linear, single-stranded, negative-sense or ambisense RNA genomes classified into nine families . An amended/emended order description was published in early 2019 . Here, we present the changes that were proposed via official ICTV taxonomic proposals that were accepted by the ICTV Executive Committee (EC) in February 2019. Therefore, these changes are now part of the official ICTV taxonomy.
Taxonomic changes at the order rank
The order was expanded by addition of two new families. Family Leishbuviridae was created to accommodate one new genus, Shilevirus, including one new species, Leptomonas shilevirus, for Leptomonas moramango leishbunyavirus (LEPMV) discovered in a trypanosomatid protist (Leptomonas moramango) . Family Tospoviridae was recreated for the already established genus Tospovirus (now renamed Orthotospovirus; TaxoProp 2018.017M.A.v1.Bunyavirales_2fam5gen) and expanded by seven new species (TaxoProp 2018.025P.A.v1.Orthotospovirus_7sp):
Bean necrotic mosaic orthotospovirus for bean necrotic mosaic virus (BeNMV) discovered in common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) ;
Melon yellow spot orthotospovirus for melon yellow spot virus (MYSV) found in netted melon (Cucumis melo) ; and
Soybean vein necrosis orthotospovirus for soybean vein necrosis virus (SVNV) discovered in soybeans (Glycine max) .
A genus unassigned to any family, Coguvirus, was established to include species Citrus coguvirus for citrus concave gum-associated virus (CCGaV) found in citrus trees  (TaxoProp 2018.020P.A.v1.Coguvirus).
Taxonomic changes at the family rank
The family Arenaviridae was expanded by one genus, Antennavirus, to include two new species, Hairy antennavirus and Striated antennavirus, for Wēnlǐng frogfish arenavirus 2 (WlFV-2) and Wēnlǐng frogfish arenavirus 1 (WlFV-1), both found in striated frogfish (Antennarius striatus)  (TaxoProp 2018.005M.A.v1.Antennavirus).
No changes were made at the family rank.
No changes were made at the family rank.
The family (TaxoProp 2018.010M.A.v2.Hantaviridae_4subfam) was reorganized into four subfamilies:
subfamily Actantavirinae was created for the new genus Actinovirus to accommodate three novel species: Batfish actinovirus for Wēnlǐng minipizza batfish virus (WEMV) discovered in minipizza batfish (Halieutaea stellata); Goosefish actinovirus for Wēnlǐng yellow goosefish virus (WEYGV) found in yellow goosefish (Lophius litulon); and Spikefish actinovirus for Wēnlǐng red spikefish virus (WERSV) of red spikefish (Triacanthodes anomalus) ;
subfamily Agantavirinae was created for the new genus Agnathovirus to accommodate one new species, Hagfish agnathovirus, for Wēnlǐng hagfish virus (WEHV) of inshore hagfish (Eptatretus burgeri) ;
subfamily Mammantavirinae was created to accommodate the established genera Loanvirus, Mobatvirus, and Orthohantavirus. Two new orthohantavirus species, Seewis orhtohantavirus and Tigray orthohantavirus, were created for Seewis virus (SWSV) of Eurasian common shrews (Sorex araneus)  and Tigray virus (TIGV) of Ethiopian white-footed mice (Stenocephalemys albipes) [12, 25], respectively; and
subfamily Repantavirinae was created for the new genus Reptillovirus to accommodate one new species, Gecko reptillovirus, for Hǎinán oriental leaf-toed gecko virus (HOLGV) discovered in oriental leaf-toed geckos (Hemidactylus bowringii) .
No changes were made at the family rank.
The species Estero Real orthonairovirus was created for Estero Real virus (ERV) (moved from genus Orthobunyavirus, family Peribunyaviridae)  (TaxoProp 2018.012M.A.v1.Bunyavirales_spmov).
The family was expanded by one new genus, Pacuvirus, to accommodate three new species: Pacui pacuvirus for Pacui virus (PACV) discovered in a rice rat (Oryzomys sp.); Rio Preto da Eva pacuvirus for Rio Preto da Eva virus discovered in a sewer gnat (Psychodidae sp.); and Tapirape pacuvirus for Tapirapé virus found in a hocicudo (Oxymycterus sp.)  (TaxoProp 2018.017M.A.v1.Bunyavirales_2fam5gen). Genus Tospovirus was removed from the family and placed into the new family Tospoviridae as genus Orthotospovirus (TaxoProp 2018.017M.A.v1.Bunyavirales_2fam5gen). The genus Orthobunyavirus was reorganized by moving previously classified viruses into a total of 38 new species (one resulting from a merger of two previously established species) (TaxoProp 2018.008M.A.v1.Orthobunyavirus_38sp). Five additional novel species were added: Bellavista orthobunyavirus for Bellavista virus isolated from mosquitoes (Culex portesi) ; Enseada orthobunyavirus for Enseada virus isolated from Culex mosquitoes [4, 9]; Maguari orthobunyavirus for Maguari virus (MAGV) isolated from mosquitoes ; Tataguine orthobunyavirus for Tataguine virus (TATV) found in a human sample, and Witwatersrand orthobunyavirus for Witwatersrand virus (WITV) from mosquitoes  (TaxoProp 2018.017M.A.v1.Bunyavirales_2fam5gen). Species Estero Real orthobunyavirus was abolished, and its member, Estero Real virus (ERV), was moved into family Nairoviridae  (TaxoProp 2018.012M.A.v1.Bunyavirales_spmov).
The family was expanded by addition of one new genus, Sawastrivirus, to include one new species, Sanxia sawastrivirus, for Sānxiá water strider virus 2 (SxWSV-2) (TaxoProp 2018.017M.A.v1.Bunyavirales_2fam5gen) detected in gerrid water striders . The genus Orthophasmavirus was expanded by the addition of five new species: Culex orthophasmavirus for Culex phasma-like virus (CPLV) detected in Culex mosquitoes ; Ganda orthophasmavirus for Ganda bee virus (GBEEV) of European orchard bees (Osmia cornuta) ; Odonate orthophasmavirus for Húběi odonate virus 8 (HbOV-8) ; Qingling orthophasmavirus for Húběi odonate virus 9 (HbOV-9) of odonates ; and Seattle orthophasmavirus for Seattle Prectang virus (SEPV) found in a moth (Pasiphila rectangulata)  (TaxoProp 2018.009M.A.v1.Phasmavirus_5sp).
The family Phenuiviridae was expanded by addition of three new genera. Genus Kabutovirus was created to include two new species, Huangpi kabutovirus and Kabuto mountain kabutovirus, for Huángpí tick virus 1 (HpTV-1) of ticks (Haemaphysalis doenitzi)  and Kabuto mountain virus (KAMV) of ticks (Haemaphysalis flava) , respectively. Genus Laulavirus was created to include one species, Laurel Lake laulavirus, for Laurel Lake virus (LLV) of ticks (Ixodes scapularis) . Genus Wenrivirus was created to include one species, Shrimp wenrivirus, for Wēnzhōu shrimp virus 1 (WzSV-1)  found in giant tiger prawns (Penaeus monodon)  (TaxoProp 2018.017M.A.v1.Bunyavirales_2fam5gen). The established genus Banyangvirus was expanded by two species, Guertu banyangvirus and Heartland banyangvirus, for Guertu virus (GTV) found in Dermacentor nuttalli ticks  and Heartland virus (HRTV), a tick-borne virus originally discovered in human samples , respectively (TaxoProp 2018.013M.A.v1.Banyangvirus_sp; TaxoProp 2018.017M.A.v1.Bunyavirales_2fam5gen). Genus Phlebovirus was expanded by one species, Mukawa phlebovirus, for Mukawa virus (MKWV) of ticks (Ixodes persulcatus)  (TaxoProp 2018.014M.A.v1.Phlebovirus_sp). In genus Phasivirus, species Wuhan fly phasivirus was abolished (TaxoProp 2018.019M.A.v1.Phenuiviridae_Remsp).
No changes were made at the family rank.
A summary of the current, ICTV-accepted taxonomy of the order Bunyavirales is presented in Table 1.
Aguilar PV, de Souza WM, Silvas JA, Wood T, Widen S, Fumagalli MJ, Nunes MRT (2018) Genetic characterization of the Patois serogroup (genus Orthobunyavirus; family Peribunyaviridae) and evidence that Estero Real Virus is a member of the genus Orthonairovirus. Am J Trop Med Hyg 99:451–457
Akopyants NS, Lye L-F, Dobson DE, Lukeš J, Beverley SM (2016) A novel bunyavirus-like virus of trypanosomatid protist parasites. Genome Announc 4:e00715–e00716
Bezerra IC, Resende RdO, Pozzer L, Nagata T, Kormelink R, De Ávila AC (1999) Increase of tospoviral diversity in Brazil with the identification of two new tospovirus species, one from chrysanthemum and one from zucchini. Phytopathology 89:823–830
Calisher CH, Coimbra TLM, Lopez OdS, Muth DJ, Sacchetta LdA, Francy DB, Lazuick JS, Cropp CB (1983) Identification of new Guama and Group C serogroup bunyaviruses and an ungrouped virus from Southern Brazil. Am J Trop Med Hyg 32:424–431
Chen CC, Chen TC, Lin YH, Yeh SD, Hsu HT (2005) A chlorotic spot disease on calla lilies (Zantedeschia spp.) is caused by a tospovirus serologically but distantly related to watermelon silver mottle virus. Plant Dis 89:440–445
Ciuffo M, Kurowski C, Vivoda E, Copes B, Masenga V, Falk BW, Turina M (2009) A new Tospovirus sp. in cucurbit crops in Mexico. Plant Dis 93:467–474
Ciuffo M, Nerva L, Turina M (2017) Full-length genome sequence of the tospovirus melon severe mosaic virus. Arch Virol 162:1419–1422
de Oliveira AS, Melo FL, Inoue-Nagata AK, Nagata T, Kitajima EW, Resende RO (2012) Characterization of bean necrotic mosaic virus: a member of a novel evolutionary lineage within the genus Tospovirus. PLoS One 7:e38634
de Souza WM, Acrani GO, Romeiro MF, Reis O Jr, Tolardo AL, da Silva SP, de Almeida Medeiros DB, Varela M, Nunes MRT, Figueiredo LTM (2016) Molecular characterization of Capim and Enseada orthobunyaviruses. Infect Genet Evol 40:47–53
Dullemans AM, Verhoeven JTJ, Kormelink R, van der Vlugt RAA (2015) The complete nucleotide sequence of chrysanthemum stem necrosis virus. Arch Virol 160:605–608
Ejiri H, Lim C-K, Isawa H, Yamaguchi Y, Fujita R, Takayama-Ito M, Kuwata R, Kobayashi D, Horiya M, Posadas-Herrera G, Iizuka-Shiota I, Kakiuchi S, Katayama Y, Hayashi T, Sasaki T, Kobayashi M, Morikawa S, Maeda K, Mizutani T, Kaku K, Saijo M, Sawabe K (2018) Isolation and characterization of Kabuto Mountain virus, a new tick-borne phlebovirus from Haemaphysalis flava ticks in Japan. Virus Res 244:252–261
Goüy de Bellocq J, Těšíková J, Meheretu Y, Čížková D, Bryjová A, Leirs H, Bryja J (2016) Complete genome characterisation and phylogenetic position of Tigray hantavirus from the Ethiopian white-footed mouse, Stenocephalemys albipes. Infect Genet Evol 45:242–245
Groseth A, Vine V, Weisend C, Guevara C, Watts D, Russell B, Tesh RB, Ebihara H (2017) Maguari virus associated with human disease. Emerg Infect Dis 23:1325–1331
Hang J, Yang Y, Kuschner RA, Evangelista J, Astete H, Halsey ES, Kochel TJ, Forshey BM (2016) Genome sequence of Bellavista virus, a novel orthobunyavirus isolated from a pool of mosquitoes captured near Iquitos, Peru. Genome Announc 4:e01262–e01316
Kato K, Handa K, Kameya-Iwaki M (2000) Melon yellow spot virus: a distinct species of the genus Tospovirus isolated from melon. Phytopathology 90:422–426
Knierim D, Blawid R, Maiss E (2006) The complete nucleotide sequence of a capsicum chlorosis virus isolate from Lycopersicum esculentum in Thailand. Arch Virol 151:1761–1782
Li C-X, Shi M, Tian J-H, Lin X-D, Kang Y-J, Chen L-J, Qin X-C, Xu J, Holmes EC, Zhang Y-Z (2015) Unprecedented genomic diversity of RNA viruses in arthropods reveals the ancestry of negative-sense RNA viruses. Elife 4:e05378
Lin Y-H, Chen T-C, Hsu H-T, Liu F-L, Chu F-H, Chen C-C, Lin Y-Z, Yeh S-D (2005) Serological comparison and molecular characterization for verification of calla lily chlorotic spot virus as a new tospovirus species belonging to Watermelon silver mottle virus serogroup. Phytopathology 95:1482–1488
Maes P, Alkhovsky SV, Bào Y, Beer M, Birkhead M, Briese T, Buchmeier MJ, Calisher CH, Charrel RN, Choi IR, Clegg CS, Torre JCDL, Delwart E, DeRisi JL, Bello PLD, Serio FD, Digiaro M, Dolja VV, Drosten C, Druciarek TZ, Du J, Ebihara H, Elbeaino T, Gergerich RC, Gillis AN, Gonzalez J-PJ, Haenni A-L, Hepojoki J, Hetzel U, Hồ T, Hóng N, Jain RK, Vuren PJV, Jin Q, Jonson MG, Junglen S, Keller KE, Kemp A, Kipar A, Kondov NO, Koonin EV, Kormelink R, Korzyukov Y, Krupovic M, Lambert AJ, Laney AG, LeBreton M, Lukashevic IS, Marklewitz M, Markotter W, Martelli GP, Martin RR, Mielke-Ehret N, Mühlbach H-P, Navarro B, Ng TFF, Nunes MRT, Palacios G, Pawęska JT, Peters CJ, Plyusnin A, Radoshitzky SR, Romanowski V, Salmenperä P, Salvato MS, Sanfaçon H, Sasaya T, Schmaljohn C, Schneider BS, Shirako Y, Siddell S, Sironen TA, Stenglein MD, Storm N, Sudini H, Tesh RB, Tzanetakis IE, Uppala M, Vapalahti O, Vasilakis N, Walker PJ, Wáng G, Wáng L, Wáng Y, Wèi T, Wiley MR, Wolf YI, Wolfe ND, Wú Z, Xú W, Yang L, Yāng Z, Yeh S-D, Zhāng Y-Z, Zhèng Y, Zhou X, Zhū C, Zirkel F, Kuhn JH (2018) Taxonomy of the family Arenaviridae and the order Bunyavirales: update 2018. Arch Virol 163:2295–2310
Maes P, Adkins S, Alkhovsky SV, Avšič-Županc T, Ballinger MJ, Bente DA, Beer M, Bergeron É, Blair CD, Briese T, Buchmeier MJ, Burt FJ, Calisher CH, Charrel RN, Choi IR, Clegg JCS, de la Torre JC, de Lamballerie X, DeRisi JL, Digiaro M, Drebot M, Ebihara H, Elbeaino T, Ergünay K, Fulhorst CF, Garrison AR, Gāo GF, Gonzalez J-PJ, Groschup MH, Günther S, Haenni A-L, Hall RA, Hewson R, Hughes HR, Jain RK, Jonson MG, Junglen S, Klempa B, Klingström J, Kormelink R, Lambert AJ, Langevin SA, Lukashevich IS, Marklewitz M, Martelli GP, Mielke-Ehret N, Mirazimi A, Mühlbach H-P, Naidu R, Nunes MRT, Palacios G, Papa A, Pawęska JT, Peters CJ, Plyusnin A, Radoshitzky SR, Resende RO, Romanowski V, Sall AA, Salvato MS, Sasaya T, Schmaljohn C, Shí X, Shirako Y, Simmonds P, Sironi M, Song J-W, Spengler JR, Stenglein MD, Tesh RB, Turina M, Wèi T, Whitfield AE, Yeh S-D, Zerbini FM, Zhang Y-Z, Zhou X, Kuhn JH (2019) Taxonomy of the order Bunyavirales: second update 2018. Arch Virol 164:927–941
Makhsous N, Shean RC, Droppers D, Guan J, Jerome KR, Greninger AL (2017) Genome sequences of three novel bunyaviruses, two novel rhabdoviruses, and one novel nyamivirus from Washington State moths. Genome Announc 5:e01668–e01716
Matsuno K, Kajihara M, Nakao R, Nao N, Mori-Kajihara A, Muramatsu M, Qiu Y, Torii S, Igarashi M, Kasajima N, Mizuma K, Yoshii K, Sawa H, Sugimoto C, Takada A, Ebihara H (2018) The unique phylogenetic position of a novel tick-borne phlebovirus ensures an ixodid origin of the genus Phlebovirus. mSphere 3:e00239
McMichael L, Persley D, Thomas J (2000) The first record of a serotype IV tospovirus in Australia. Australas Plant Pathol 29:149–150
McMullan LK, Folk SM, Kelly AJ, MacNeil A, Goldsmith CS, Metcalfe MG, Batten BC, Albariño CG, Zaki SR, Rollin PE, Nicholson WL, Nichol ST (2012) A new phlebovirus associated with severe febrile illness in Missouri. N Engl J Med 367:834–841
Meheretu Y, Cížková D, Těšíková J, Welegerima K, Tomas Z, Kidane D, Girmay K, Schmidt-Chanasit J, Bryja J, Günther S, Bryjová A, Leirs H, Goüy de Bellocq J (2012) High diversity of RNA viruses in rodents, Ethiopia. Emerg Infect Dis 18:2047–2050
Navarro B, Minutolo M, De Stradis A, Palmisano F, Alioto D, Di Serio F (2018) The first phlebo-like virus infecting plants: a case study on the adaptation of negative-stranded RNA viruses to new hosts. Mol Plant Pathol 19:1075–1089
Rodrigues DSG, Medeiros DBdA, Rodrigues SG, Martins LC, de Lima CPS, de Oliveira LF, de Vasconcelos JM, Da Silva DE, Cardoso JF, da Silva SP, Vianez-Júnior JLdSG, Nunes MRT, Vasconcelos PFdC (2014) Pacui virus, Rio Preto da Eva virus, and Tapirape virus, three distinct viruses within the family Bunyaviridae. Genome Announc 2:e00923
Schoonvaere K, De Smet L, Smagghe G, Vierstraete A, Braeckman BP, de Graaf DC (2016) Unbiased RNA shotgun metagenomics in social and solitary wild bees detects associations with eukaryote parasites and new viruses. PLoS One 11:e0168456
Shchetinin AM, Lvov DK, Deriabin PG, Botikov AG, Gitelman AK, Kuhn JH, Alkhovsky SV (2015) Genetic and phylogenetic characterization of Tataguine and Witwatersrand viruses and other orthobunyaviruses of the Anopheles A, Capim, Guama, Koongol, Mapputta, Tete, and Turlock serogroups. Viruses 7:5987–6008
Shen S, Duan X, Wang B, Zhu L, Zhang Y, Zhang J, Wang J, Luo T, Kou C, Liu D, Lv C, Zhang L, Chang C, Su Z, Tang S, Qiao J, Moming A, Wang C, Abudurexiti A, Wang H, Hu Z, Zhang Y, Sun S, Deng F (2018) A novel tick-borne phlebovirus, closely related to severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus and Heartland virus, is a potential pathogen. Emerg Microbes Infect 7:95
Shi M, Lin X-D, Tian J-H, Chen L-J, Chen X, Li C-X, Qin X-C, Li J, Cao J-P, Eden J-S, Buchmann J, Wang W, Xu J, Holmes EC, Zhang Y-Z (2016) Redefining the invertebrate RNA virosphere. Nature 540:539–543
Shi M, Neville P, Nicholson J, Eden J-S, Imrie A, Holmes EC (2017) High-resolution metatranscriptomics reveals the ecological dynamics of mosquito-associated RNA viruses in western Australia. J Virol 91:e00680–e00717
Shi M, Lin X-D, Chen X, Tian J-H, Chen L-J, Li K, Wang W, Eden J-S, Shen J-J, Liu L, Holmes EC, Zhang Y-Z (2018) The evolutionary history of vertebrate RNA viruses. Nature 556:197–202
Song J-W, Gu SH, Bennett SN, Arai S, Puorger M, Hilbe M, Yanagihara R (2007) Seewis virus, a genetically distinct hantavirus in the Eurasian common shrew (Sorex araneus). Virol J 4:114
Tokarz R, Sameroff S, Tagliafierro T, Jain K, Williams SH, Cucura DM, Rochlin I, Monzon J, Carpi G, Tufts D, Diuk-Wasser M, Brinkerhoff J, Lipkin WI (2018) Identification of novel viruses in Amblyomma americanum, Dermacentor variabilis, and Ixodes scapularis ticks. mSphere 3:e00614–e00617
Zhou J, Kantartzi SK, Wen R-H, Newman M, Hajimorad MR, Rupe JC, Tzanetakis IE (2011) Molecular characterization of a new tospovirus infecting soybean. Virus Genes 43:289–295
We thank Laura Bollinger (NIH/NIAID Integrated Research Facility at Fort Detrick, Frederick, MD, USA) for critically editing the manuscript.
The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the US Department of the Army, the US Department of Defense, the US Department of Health and Human Services, or of the institutions and companies affiliated with the authors. In no event shall any of these entities have any responsibility or liability for any use, misuse, inability to use, or reliance upon the information contained herein. The US departments do not endorse any products or commercial services mentioned in this publication.
This work was supported in part through Battelle Memorial Institute’s prime contract with the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) under Contract no. HHSN272200700016I (J. H. K.). This work was also funded in part by Grant 109520 by the UK Department of Health, Public Health England (R. H.). W. M. S. is supported by Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, Brazil (17/13981-0). This work was supported by the Intergovernmental Special Program of State Key Research and Development Plan from the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2016YFE0113500) and European Union’s Horizon 2020 EVAg project (no. 653316).
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
Handling Editor: Sead Sabanadzovic.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
Michael J. Buchmeier, Rémi N. Charrel, J. Christopher S. Clegg, Juan Carlos de la Torre, Jean-Paul J. Gonzalez, Stephan Günther, Jussi Hepojoki, Igor S. Lukashevich, Sheli R. Radoshitzky, Víctor Romanowski, Maria S. Salvato, Manuela Sironi, Mark D. Stenglein, Jens H. Kuhn: the members of the 2017–2020 International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Arenaviridae Study Group; Scott Adkins, Juan Carlos de la Torre, Sandra Junglen, Amy J. Lambert, Piet Maes, Gustavo Palacios, Takahide Sasaya, Yong-Zhen Zhang, Jens H. Kuhn: the members of the 2017–2020 ICTV Bunyavirales Study Group; Michele Digiaro, Toufic Elbeaino, Giovanni P. Martelli, Nicole Mielke-Ehret, Hans-Peter Mühlbach: the members of the 2017–2020 ICTV Fimoviridae Study Group; Charles H. Calisher, Charles F. Fulhorst, Boris Klempa, Jonas Klingström, Lies Laenen, Piet Maes, Jin-Won Song, Yong-Zhen Zhang: the members of the 2017–2020 ICTV Hantaviridae Study Group; Sergey V. Alkhovsky, Tatjana Avšič-Županc, Dennis A. Bente, Éric Bergeron, Felicity J. Burt, Michael A. Drebot, Koray Ergünay, Aura R. Garrison, Roger Hewson, Ali Mirazimi, Gustavo Palacios, Anna Papa, Janusz T. Pawęska, Amadou Alpha Sall, Jessica R. Spengler, Jens H. Kuhn: the members of the 2017–2020 ICTV Nairoviridae Study Group; Scott Adkins, Sergey V. Alkhovsky, Martin Beer, Carol D. Blair, Charles H. Calisher, Holly R. Hughes, Amy J. Lambert, William Marciel de Souza, Marco Marklewitz, Márcio Roberto Teixeira Nunes, Xiǎohóng Shí: the members of the 2017–2020 ICTV Peribunyaviridae Study Group; Matthew J. Ballinger, Roy A. Hall, Sandra Junglen, Stanley A. Langevin, Alex Pauvolid-Corrêa: the members of the 2017–2020 ICTV Phasmaviridae Study Group; Thomas Briese, Rémi N. Charrel, Xavier de Lamballerie, Hideki Ebihara, George Fú Gāo, Martin H. Groschup, Roberto Teixeira Nunes, Gustavo Palacios, Takahide Sasaya, Jin-Won Song: the members of the 2017–2020 ICTV Phenuiviridae Study Group; Il Ryong Choi, Anne-Lise Haenni, Miranda Gilda Jonson, Takahide Sasaya, Yukio Shirako, Tàiyún Wèi, Xueping Zhou: the members of the 2017–2020 ICTV Tenuivirus Study Group; Scott Adkins, Amy J. Lambert, Rayapati Naidu, Renato O. Resende, Massimo Turina, Anna E. Whitfield: the members of the 2017–2020 ICTV Tospovirus Study Group; Peter Simmonds: the 2017–2020 ICTV Chair of the Fungal and Protist Viruses Subcommittee; F. Murilo Zerbini: the 2017–2020 ICTV Chair of the Plant Viruses Subcommittee; and Jens H. Kuhn: the 2017–2020 ICTV Chair of the Animal dsRNA and ssRNA-Viruses Subcommittee.
About this article
Cite this article
Abudurexiti, A., Adkins, S., Alioto, D. et al. Taxonomy of the order Bunyavirales: update 2019. Arch Virol 164, 1949–1965 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-019-04253-6