Development of a reverse transcription recombinase-aided amplification assay for the detection of coxsackievirus A10 and coxsackievirus A6 RNA
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Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a serious public health problem, and coxsackievirus A6 (CVA6) and coxsackievirus A10 (CVA10) are two of the major causative pathogens, in addition to enterovirus 71 (EV71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16). A simple and rapid reverse transcription recombinase-aided amplification assay (RT-RAA) was developed for the detection of CVA10 and CVA6 in this study. The analytical sensitivity for detection of CVA10 and CVA6 at 95% probability by probit regression analysis was 35 copies per reaction and 38 copies per reaction, respectively, with 100% specificity. Compared with commercial RT-qPCR assays, when testing 455 fecal specimens, the kappa value of the RT-RAA assay for CVA10 and CVA6 was 0.920 (p < 0.001) and 0.952 (p < 0.001), respectively. Moreover, four samples that were positive for CVA10 and five that were positive for CVA6 by RT-RAA but negative by RT-qPCR were further determined to be true positives. These results demonstrate that the proposed RT-RAA assays are very valuable tools for the detection of CVA10 and CVA6 and have potential for use in resource-limited settings.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All operations in the experiments were approved by the Institutional Review Boards of the National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Center for Disease Control and Prevention of China. Caregivers of the children with HFMD were informed, and informed consent documents were signed.
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