Archives of Virology

, Volume 163, Issue 5, pp 1271–1277 | Cite as

Molecular prevalence of bovine noroviruses and neboviruses in newborn calves in Iran

  • Farzaneh Pourasgari
  • Jérôme Kaplon
  • Alireza Sanchooli
  • Céline Fremy
  • Shahla Karimi-Naghlani
  • Vahid Otarod
  • Katia Ambert-Balay
  • Naheed Mojgani
  • Pierre Pothier
Brief Report


In this study, bovine enteric caliciviruses (BECs) were detected in 49.4% of a total of 253 stool specimens for diarrheic calves collected from 42 industrial dairy farms from March 2010 to February 2012. Genogroup III norovirus (NoVsGIII) were more prevalent (39.5%) than neboviruses (NBs) (15%), and coinfections were observed in 5.1% of the samples tested. Sequence analysis of the partial polymerase gene from 13 NoVsGIII samples indicated the circulation of both genotype 1 and genotype 2 strains. Among the six NB strains sequenced, five were related to the Bo/Nebraska/80/US strain, while one was related to the Bo/Newbury1/76/UK strain.



This research was performed at the Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute (RVSRI) in Iran and National Reference Centre for Enteric Viruses in France. Furthermore, this study was kindly supported by Center for International Scientific Studies and Collaboration (CISSC) and the French Embassy in Tehran, Iran.


This study was funded by RVSRI (Grant number: 2-18-18-91138). The research involved no human or animal participants.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that no conflict of interest exists.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyRazi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO)KarajIran
  2. 2.Laboratory of VirologyNational Reference Center for Enteric Viruses, CHU F. MitterrandDijonFrance
  3. 3.AgroSup Dijon, PAM UMR A 02.102, Université de Bourgogne Franche-ComteDijonFrance
  4. 4.Iran Veterinary OrganizationTehranIran
  5. 5.Division of Advanced DiagnosticsToronto General Hospital Research Institute, UHNTorontoCanada
  6. 6.Queen’s Elizabeth HospitalBirminghamUK

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