Archives of Virology

, Volume 162, Issue 11, pp 3269–3282 | Cite as

HSP90: a promising broad-spectrum antiviral drug target



The emergence of antiviral drug-resistant mutants is the most important issue in current antiviral therapy. As obligate parasites, viruses require host factors for efficient replication. An ideal therapeutic target to prevent drug-resistance development is represented by host factors that are crucial for the viral life cycle. Recent studies have indicated that heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) is a crucial host factor that is required by many viruses for multiple phases of their life cycle including viral entry, nuclear import, transcription, and replication. In this review, we summarize the most recent advances regarding HSP90 function, mechanisms of action, and molecular pathways that are associated with viral infection, and provide a comprehensive understanding of the role of HSP90 in the immune response and exosome-mediated viral transmission. In addition, several HSP90 inhibitors have entered clinical trials for specific cancers that are associated with viral infection, which further implies a crucial role for HSP90 in the malignant transformation of virus-infected cells; as such, HSP90 inhibitors exhibit excellent therapeutic potential. Finally, we describe the challenge of developing HSP90 inhibitors as anti-viral drugs.



This research was supported by a research grant from the Natural Science Foundation of China 81573471, and Key Projects of Biological Industry Science and Technology of Guangzhou China (Grant number 201504291048224), and Science and Technology Plan Program of Guangdong Province China (Grant number 2015A050502028).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Ethical statements

The work has not been published previously and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. All authors have agreed to the submission and to the order of their names on the title page; this article does not contain any studies with animals or humans performed by any of the authors. All tables and figures are original from our work; the original sources were cited in the text.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Guangzhou Jinan Biomedicine Research and Development Center, Institute of Biomedicine, College of Life Science and TechnologyJinan UniversityGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.College of PharmacyJinan UniversityGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Division of Molecular Pharmacology of Infectious Agents, Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Graduate School of Biomedical SciencesNagasaki UniversityNagasakiJapan

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