Changes to taxonomy and the International Code of Virus Classification and Nomenclature ratified by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2017)

  • Michael J. Adams
  • Elliot J. Lefkowitz
  • Andrew M. Q. King
  • Balázs Harrach
  • Robert L. Harrison
  • Nick J. Knowles
  • Andrew M. Kropinski
  • Mart Krupovic
  • Jens H. Kuhn
  • Arcady R. Mushegian
  • Max Nibert
  • Sead Sabanadzovic
  • Hélène Sanfaçon
  • Stuart G. Siddell
  • Peter Simmonds
  • Arvind Varsani
  • Francisco Murilo Zerbini
  • Alexander E. Gorbalenya
  • Andrew J. Davison
Virology Division News

DOI: 10.1007/s00705-017-3358-5

Cite this article as:
Adams, M.J., Lefkowitz, E.J., King, A.M.Q. et al. Arch Virol (2017). doi:10.1007/s00705-017-3358-5

Abstract

This article lists the changes to virus taxonomy approved and ratified by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) in March 2017.

Introduction

Changes to virus taxonomy (the Universal Scheme of Virus Classification of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses [ICTV]) now take place annually and are the result of a multi-stage process. In accordance with the ICTV Statutes (http://www.ictv.global/statutes.asp), proposals submitted to the ICTV Executive Committee (EC) undergo a review process that involves input from the ICTV Study Groups (SGs) and Subcommittees (SCs), other interested virologists, and the EC. After final approval by the EC, proposals are then presented for ratification to the full ICTV membership by publication on the ICTV website (http://www.ictv.global/) followed by an electronic vote. The latest set of proposals approved by the EC was made available on the ICTV website by January 2017. A list of these proposals was then emailed on 9 February 2017 to the 149 members of ICTV, namely the EC Members, Life Members, ICTV Subcommittee Members (including the SG chairs) and ICTV National Representatives. Members were then requested to vote on whether to ratify the taxonomic proposals (voting closed on 10 March 2017).

Changes to virus taxonomy: taxa and nomenclature

A large number of changes were ratified by ICTV members (Table 1). A summary of the individual proposals, listed by the ICTV Subcommittee responsible for managing them, is provided in Tables 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. Some proposals concern more than one Subcommittee and appropriate cross-references are then provided. Names of newly created taxa are in bold italic type. Names of existing taxa that have been moved or renamed are shown in plain italics. Each proposal is cited and listed in the References to acknowledge the authors’ efforts and to provide links to the specific proposal as coded on the ICTV website. These documents remain available for any who wish to see the full details of the proposals.
Table 1

Summary of taxonomic changes approved in March 2017

Change/Taxa

Orders

Families

Subfamilies

Genera

Species

New

1

12

8

128

743

Renamed

   

5

148

Abolished

   

2

43

Taxonomy 20171

8

122

35

735

4404

1Total numbers of taxa now recognised and shown in the ICTV Master Species List

Table 2

Taxonomic changes from the Subcommitee for Bacterial and Archaeal Viruses (new taxa are in bold typeface)

Order

Family

Subfamily

Genus

Species

Taxonomic change

Ref.

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Eucampyvirinae

Cp8virus

Campylobacter virus CP30A

1 new species

[1]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Ounavirinae

Ea214virus

Erwinia virus Ea214 (type)

1 species moved and reassigned to be type species of new genus in a new subfamily. Previous taxonomic position: Caudovirales/Myoviridae/unassigned/Felixo1virus

[2]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Ounavirinae

Ea214virus

Erwinia virus M7

1 new species in new genus in new subfamily

[2]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Ounavirinae

Felixo1virus

Escherichia virus AYO145A, Escherichia virus EC6, Escherichia virus JH2, Escherichia virus VpaE1, Escherichia virus wV8, Salmonella virus FelixO1 (type), Salmonella virus HB2014, Salmonella virus Mushroom, Salmonella virus UAB87

Genus and its 9 species assigned to new subfamily. Previous taxonomic position: Caudovirales/Myoviridae/unassigned/Felixo1virus

[2]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Ounavirinae

Felixo1virus

Escherichia virus HY02, Escherichia virus TP1

2 new species in genus assigned to new subfamily

[2]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Ounavirinae

Mooglevirus

Citrobacter virus Moogle (type), Citrobacter virus Mordin

2 new species in new genus in new subfamily

[2]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Ounavirinae

Suspvirus

Escherichia virus SUSP1 (type), Escherichia virus SUSP2

2 new species in new genus in new subfamily

[2]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Peduovirinae

P2virus

Mannheimia virus PHL101

1 species renamed. Previous name: Mannheimia virus MhaA1- PHL101

[3]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Spounavirinae

Kayvirus

Staphylococcus virus Rodi, Staphylococcus virus S25-4

2 new species

[1]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Spounavirinae

Silviavirus

Staphylococcus virus Stau2

1 new species

[1]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Spounavirinae

Spo1virus

Bacillus virus Camphawk

1 new species

[1]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Spounavirinae

Tsarbombavirus

Bacillus virus BCP78, Bacillus virus TsarBomba (type)

3 new species

[4]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Spounavirinae

Unassigned

Lactobacillus virus Lb338-1

1 species renamed. Previous name: Lactobacillus phage Lb338-1

[3]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Tevenvirinae

Cc31virus

Escherichia virus CC31

1 species renamed. Previous name: Enterobacter virus CC31

[3]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Tevenvirinae

Jd18virus

Klebsiella virus JD18(type), Klebsiella virus PKO111

2 new species in new genus

[5]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Tevenvirinae

Js98virus

Escherichia virus QL01

1 new species

[1]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Tevenvirinae

Kp15virus

Enterobacter virus Eap3, Klebsiella virus KP15 (type), Klebsiella virus KP27, Klebsiella virus Matisse, Klebsiella virus Miro

5 new species in new genus

[6]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Tevenvirinae

Moonvirus

Citrobacter virus Merlin, Citrobacter virus Moon (type)

2 new species in new genus

[7]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Tevenvirinae

Rb49virus

Escherichia virus JSE

1 new species

[1]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Tevenvirinae

T4virus

Escherichia virus HY01

1 new species

[1]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Tevenvirinae

Unassigned

Open image in new window

1 species abolished

[8]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Unassigned

Abouovirus

Brevibacillus virus Abouo (type), Brevibacillus virus Davies

2 new species in new genus

[9]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Unassigned

Agrican357virus

Erwinia virus Deimos, Erwinia virus Ea35-70 (type), Erwinia virus RAY, Erwinia virus Simmy50, Erwinia virus SpecialG

5 new species in new genus

[10]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Unassigned

Arv1virus

Arthrobacter virus ArV1 (type), Arthrobacter virus Trina

2 new species in new genus

[11]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Unassigned

B4virus

Bacillus virus AvesoBmore

1 new species

[1]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Unassigned

Bc431virus

Bacillus virus BM15, Bacillus virus Deepblue

2 new species

[1]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Unassigned

Bxz1virus

Mycobacterium virus Alice, Mycobacterium virus Bxz1, Mycobacterium virus Dandelion, Mycobacterium virus HyRo, Mycobacterium virus Nappy, Mycobacterium virus Sebata

6 new species

[12]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Unassigned

Elvirus

Pseudomonas virus EL (type)

1 species moved to be type species of new genus. Previous taxonomic position: Caudovirales/Myoviridae/unassigned/Phikzvirus

[13]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Unassigned

Jimmervirus

Brevibacillus virus Jimmer (type), Brevibacillus virus Osiris

2 new species in new genus

[14]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Unassigned

M12virus

Sinorhizobium virus M12 (type), Sinorhizobium virus M7, Sinorhizobium virus N3

3 new species in new genus

[15]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Unassigned

Marthavirus

Arthrobacter virus Brent, Arthrobacter virus Jawnski, Arthrobacter virus Martha (type), Arthrobacter virus Sonny

4 new species in new genus

[16]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Unassigned

Msw3virus

Edwardsiella virus MSW3 (type), Edwardsiella virus PEi21

2 new species in new genus

[17]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Unassigned

Muvirus

Shigella virus SfMu

1 new species

[1]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Unassigned

Phikzvirus

Pseudomonas virus PA7

1 new species

[13]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Unassigned

Phikzvirus

Open image in new window

1 species abolished

[13]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Unassigned

Rsl2virus

Ralstonia virus RSF1, Ralstonia virus RSL2 (type)

2 new species in new genus

[18]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Unassigned

Rslunavirus

Ralstonia virus RSL1 (type)

1 new species in new genus

[19]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Unassigned

Sep1virus

Staphylococcus virus IPLAC1C, Staphylococcus virus SEP1 (type)

2 new species in new genus

[20]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Unassigned

Spn3virus

Salmonella virus SPN3US (type)

1 new species in new genus

[21]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Unassigned

Wphvirus

Bacillus virus BPS13, Bacillus virus Hakuna, Bacillus virus Megatron

3 new species

[22]

Caudovirales

Myoviridae

Vequintavirinae

Cr3virus

Cronobacter virus PBES02, Pectobacterium virus phiTE

2 new species

[1]

Caudovirales

Podoviridae

Autographivirinae

Fri1virus

Acinetobacter virus AB3, Acinetobacter virus Abp1, Acinetobacter virus Fri1 (type), Acinetobacter virus IME200, Acinetobacter virus PD6A3, Acinetobacter virus PDAB9, Acinetobacter virus phiAB1

7 new species in new genus

[23]

Caudovirales

Podoviridae

Autographivirinae

Kp32virus

Escherichia virus K30, Klebsiella virus K11, Klebsiella virus K5, Klebsiella virus Kp1, Klebsiella virus KP32 (type), Klebsiella virus KpV289

6 new species in new genus

[24]

Caudovirales

Podoviridae

Autographivirinae

Kp34virus

Klebsiella virus Kp2, Klebsiella virus KpV41, Klebsiella virus KpV475, Klebsiella virus KpV71

4 new species

[1]

Caudovirales

Podoviridae

Autographivirinae

Pradovirus

Xanthomonas virus f20, Xanthomonas virus f30, Xylella virus Prado (type)

3 new species in new genus

[25]

Caudovirales

Podoviridae

Picovirinae

Cp1virus

Streptococcus virus Cp1 (type)

1 species moved to be type species of new genus. Previous taxonomic position: Caudovirales/Podoviridae/Picovirinae/unassigned

[26]

Caudovirales

Podoviridae

Picovirinae

Cp1virus

Streptococcus virus Cp7

1 new species in new genus

[26]

Caudovirales

Podoviridae

Sepvirinae

Nona33virus

Escherichia virus 24B, Escherichia virus 933W (type), Escherichia virus Min27, Escherichia virus PA28, Escherichia virus Stx2 II

5 new species in new genus in new subfamily

[27]

Caudovirales

Podoviridae

Sepvirinae

Pocjvirus

Shigella virus 7502Stx, Shigella virus POCJ13 (type)

2 new species in new genus in new subfamily

[27]

Caudovirales

Podoviridae

Sepvirinae

Tl2011virus

Escherichia virus 191, Escherichia virus PA2, Escherichia virus TL2011 (type), Shigella virus VASD

4 new species in new genus in new subfamily

[27]

Caudovirales

Podoviridae

Unassigned

Bcep22virus

 

Genus renamed. Previous name: Bcep22likevirus

[3]

Caudovirales

Podoviridae

Unassigned

Ea92virus

Erwinia virus Ea9-2 (type), Erwinia virus Frozen

2 new species in new genus

[28]

Caudovirales

Podoviridae

Unassigned

Epsilon15virus

Salmonella virus SPN1S

1 new species

[29]

Caudovirales

Podoviridae

Unassigned

Kf1virus

Edwardsiella virus KF1 (type)

1 new species in new genus

[30]

Caudovirales

Podoviridae

Unassigned

Kpp25virus

Pseudomonas virus KPP25 (type), Pseudomonas virus R18

2 new species in new genus

[31]

Caudovirales

Podoviridae

Unassigned

Luz7virus

Pseudomonas virus KPP21, Pseudomonas virus LUZ7 (type)

2 new species in new genus

[32]

Caudovirales

Podoviridae

Unassigned

Phieco32virus

Escherichia virus 172-1

1 new species

[1]

Caudovirales

Podoviridae

Unassigned

Prtbvirus

Brucella virus Pr (type), Brucella virus Tb

2 new species in new genus

[33]

Caudovirales

Podoviridae

Unassigned

Una961virus

Helicobacter virus 1961P (type), Helicobacter virus KHP30, Helicobacter virus KHP40

3 new species in new genus

[34]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Arquatrovirinae

Camvirus

Streptomyces virus Amela, Streptomyces virus phiCAM (type)

2 new species in new genus in new subfamily

[35]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Arquatrovirinae

Likavirus

Streptomyces virus Aaronocolus, Streptomyces virus Caliburn, Streptomyces virus Danzina, Streptomyces virus Hydra, Streptomyces virus Izzy, Streptomyces virus Lannister, Streptomyces virus Lika (type), Streptomyces virus Sujidade, Streptomyces virus Zemlya

9 new species in new genus in new subfamily

[35]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Arquatrovirinae

R4virus

Streptomyces virus ELB20, Streptomyces virus R4 (type)

2 new species in new genus in new subfamily

[35]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Arquatrovirinae

Unassigned

Streptomyces virus phiHau3

1 new species unassigned in new subfamily

[35]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Bclasvirinae

Acadianvirus

Mycobacterium virus Acadian (type)

1 species moved to be type species of new genus in new subfamily. Previous taxonomic position: Caudovirales/Siphoviridae/unassigned/Pg1virus

[36]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Bclasvirinae

Acadianvirus

Mycobacterium virus Baee, Mycobacterium virus Reprobate

2 new species in new genus in new subfamily

[36]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Bclasvirinae

Coopervirus

Mycobacterium virus Chrisnmich, Mycobacterium virus Cooper (type), Mycobacterium virus Nigel, Mycobacterium virus Stinger, Mycobacterium virus Zemanar

5 species moved to new genus in new subfamily. Previous taxonomic position: Caudovirales/Siphoviridae/unassigned/Pg1virus

[36]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Bclasvirinae

Coopervirus

Mycobacterium virus Adawi, Mycobacterium virus Bane1, Mycobacterium virus BrownCNA, Mycobacterium virus JAMaL, Mycobacterium virus Vincenzo

5 new species in new genus in new subfamily

[36]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Bclasvirinae

Pg1virus

Mycobacterium virus Oline, Mycobacterium virus Pg1 (type)

Genus and 2 species assigned to new subfamily. Previous taxonomic position: Caudovirales/Siphoviridae/unassigned/Pg1virus

[36]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Bclasvirinae

Pg1virus

Mycobacterium virus Apzium, Mycobacterium virus Manad, Mycobacterium virus Osmaximus, Mycobacterium virus Soto, Mycobacterium virus Suffolk

5 new species in genus assigned to new subfamily

[36]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Bclasvirinae

Pipefishvirus

Mycobacterium virus Gadjet, Mycobacterium virus Pipefish (type)

2 species moved to new genus in new subfamily. Previous taxonomic position: Caudovirales/Siphoviridae/unassigned/Pg1virus

[36]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Bclasvirinae

Pipefishvirus

Mycobacterium virus Bernardo

1 new species in new genus in new subfamily

[36]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Bclasvirinae

Rosebushvirus

Mycobacterium virus Rosebush (type)

1 species moved to be type species of new genus in new subfamily. Previous taxonomic position: Caudovirales/Siphoviridae/unassigned/Pg1virus

[36]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Bclasvirinae

Rosebushvirus

Mycobacterium virus Godines

1 new species in new genus in new subfamily

[36]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Guernseyvirinae

Jerseyvirus

Salmonella virus L13, Salmonella virus LSPA1

2 species renamed. Previous names: Salmonella phage L13 and Salmonella phage LSPA1

[3]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Guernseyvirinae

Jerseyvirus

Salmonella virus f18SE

1 new species

[1]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Mclasvirinae

Bongovirus

Mycobacterium virus Bongo (type)

1 species moved to be type species of new genus in a new subfamily. Previous taxonomic position: Caudovirales/Siphoviridae/unassigned/Reyvirus

[37]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Mclasvirinae

Reyvirus

Mycobacterium virus Rey (type)

Genus and species assigned to new subfamily. Previous taxonomic position: Caudovirales/Siphoviridae/unassigned/Reyvirus

[37]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Pclasvirinae

Bignuzvirus

Mycobacterium virus Bignuz (type)

Genus and species assigned to new subfamily. Previous taxonomic position: Caudovirales/Siphoviridae/unassigned/Bignuzvirus

[38]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Pclasvirinae

Fishburnevirus

Mycobacterium virus Jebeks

1 species moved to be type species of new genus in new subfamily. Previous taxonomic position: Caudovirales/Siphoviridae/unassigned/Bignuzvirus

[38]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Pclasvirinae

Fishburnevirus

Mycobacterium virus Brusacoram, Mycobacterium virus Donovan, Mycobacterium virus Fishburne (type), Mycobacterium virus Malithi

4 new species in new genus in new subfamily

[38]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Pclasvirinae

Phayoncevirus

Mycobacterium virus Phayonce (type)

1 new species in new genus in new subfamily

[38]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Tunavirinae

Kp36virus

Klebsiella virus KLPN1, Klebsiella virus PKP126, Klebsiella virus Sushi

3 new species

[1]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Tunavirinae

Rogue1virus

Escherichia virus C119

1 new species

[1]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Tunavirinae

T1virus

Escherichia virus JMPW1, Escherichia virus JMPW2

2 new species

[1]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Ab18virus

Pseudomonas virus Ab18 (type), Pseudomonas virus Ab19, Pseudomonas virus PaMx11

3 new species in new genus

[39]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Amigovirus

Arthrobacter virus Amigo (type)

1 new species in new genus

[40]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Bernal13virus

Mycobacterium virus Bernal13 (type)

1 new species in new genus

[41]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

C5virus

Lactobacillus virus Ld17, Lactobacillus virus Ld25A, Lactobacillus virus Ld3, Lactobacillus virus phiLdb

4 new species

[1]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Cronusvirus

Rhodobacter virus RcCronus (type)

1 new species in new genus

[42]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Decurrovirus

Arthrobacter virus Decurro (type)

1 new species in new genus

[43]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Demosthenesvirus

Gordonia virus Demosthenes (type), Gordonia virus Katyusha, Gordonia virus Kvothe

3 new species in new genus

[44]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Eiauvirus

Edwardsiella virus eiAU (type)

1 new species in new genus

[45]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Gaiavirus

Mycobacterium virus Gaia (type)

1 new species in new genus

[46]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Gilesvirus

Mycobacterium virus Giles (type)

1 new species in new genus

[47]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Gordonvirus

Arthrobacter virus Captnmurica, Arthrobacter virus Gordon (type)

2 new species in new genus

[48]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Gordtnkvirus

Gordonia virus GordTnk2 (type)

1 new species in new genus

[49]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Harrisonvirus

Paenibacillus virus Harrison (type)

1 new species in new genus

[50]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Hk578virus

Escherichia virus EK99P1, Escherichia virus YD2008s

2 new species

[1]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Jenstvirus

Brevibacillus virus Jenst (type)

1 new species in new genus

[51]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Jwxvirus

Achromobacter virus 83-24, Achromobacter virus JWX (type)

2 new species in new genus

[52]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Kelleziovirus

Arthrobacter virus Kellezzio (type), Arthrobacter virus Kitkat

2 new species in new genus

[53]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Korravirus

Arthrobacter virus Bennie, Arthrobacter virus DrRobert, Arthrobacter virus Glenn, Arthrobacter virus HunterDalle, Arthrobacter virus Joann, Arthrobacter virus Korra (type), Arthrobacter virus Preamble, Arthrobacter virus Pumancara, Arthrobacter virus Wayne

9 new species in new genus

[54]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Laroyevirus

Arthrobacter virus Laroye (type)

1 new species in new genus

[55]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Marvinvirus

Mycobacterium virus Marvin (type), Mycobacterium virus Mosmoris

2 new species in new genus

[56]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Mudcatvirus

Arthrobacter virus Circum, Arthrobacter virus Mudcat (type)

2 new species in new genus

[57]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Np1virus

Pseudomonas virus NP1 (type), Pseudomonas virus PaMx25

2 new species in new genus

[58]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

P12002virus

Polaribacter virus P12002L (type), Polaribacter virus P12002S

2 new species in new genus

[59]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

P12024virus

Nonlabens virus P12024L, Nonlabens virus P12024S (type)

2 new species in new genus

[60]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Pa6virus

Propionibacterium virus ATCC29399BC, Propionibacterium virus ATCC29399BT, Propionibacterium virus Attacne, Propionibacterium virus Keiki, Propionibacterium virus Kubed, Propionibacterium virus Lauchelly, Propionibacterium virus MrAK, Propionibacterium virus Ouroboros, Propionibacterium virus P1.1, Propionibacterium virus P1001, Propionibacterium virus P100A, Propionibacterium virus P100D, Propionibacterium virus P101A, Propionibacterium virus P104A, Propionibacterium virus P105, Propionibacterium virus P144, Propionibacterium virus P91, Propionibacterium virus PA6 (type), Propionibacterium virus Pacnes201215, Propionibacterium virus PAD20, Propionibacterium virus PAS50, Propionibacterium virus PHL009M11, Propionibacterium virus PHL025M00, Propionibacterium virus PHL037M02, Propionibacterium virus PHL041M10, Propionibacterium virus PHL060L00, Propionibacterium virus PHL067M01, Propionibacterium virus PHL070N00, Propionibacterium virus PHL071N05, Propionibacterium virus PHL082M03, Propionibacterium virus PHL092M00, Propionibacterium virus PHL095N00, Propionibacterium virus PHL111M01, Propionibacterium virus PHL112N00, Propionibacterium virus PHL113M01, Propionibacterium virus PHL114L00, Propionibacterium virus PHL116M00, Propionibacterium virus PHL117M00, Propionibacterium virus PHL117M01, Propionibacterium virus PHL132N00, Propionibacterium virus PHL141N00, Propionibacterium virus PHL151M00, Propionibacterium virus PHL151N00, Propionibacterium virus PHL152M00, Propionibacterium virus PHL163M00, Propionibacterium virus PHL171M01, Propionibacterium virus PHL179M00, Propionibacterium virus PHL194M00, Propionibacterium virus PHL199M00, Propionibacterium virus PHL301M00, Propionibacterium virus PHL308M00, Propionibacterium virus Pirate, Propionibacterium virus Procrass1, Propionibacterium virus SKKY, Propionibacterium virus Solid, Propionibacterium virus Stormborn, Propionibacterium virus Wizzo

57 new species in new genus

[61]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Pamx74virus

Pseudomonas virus PaMx28, Pseudomonas virus PaMx74 (type)

2 new species in new genus

[62]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Patiencevirus

Mycobacterium virus Patience (type)

1 species moved to be type species of new genus. Previous taxonomic position: Caudovirales/Siphoviridae/unassigned/Barnyardvirus

[63]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Pepy6virus

Rhodococcus virus Pepy6 (type), Rhodococcus virus Poco6

2 new species in new genus

[64]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Pis4avirus

Aeromonas virus pIS4A (type)

1 new species in new genus

[65]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Rdjlvirus

Roseobacter virus RDJL1 (type), Roseobacter virus RDJL2

2 new species in new genus

[66]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Rer2virus

Rhodococcus virus RER2 (type)

1 species moved to be type species of new genus. Previous taxonomic position: Caudovirales/Siphoviridae/unassigned/L5virus

[67]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Send513virus

Mycobacterium virus Papyrus, Mycobacterium virus Send513 (type)

2 new species in new genus

[68]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Sitaravirus

Paenibacillus virus Willow

1 new species

[1]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Smoothievirus

Gordonia virus Bachita, Gordonia virus ClubL, Gordonia virus OneUp, Gordonia virus Smoothie (type)

4 new species in new genus

[69]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Soupsvirus

Gordonia virus Soups (type)

1 new species in new genus

[70]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

T5virus

Escherichia virus slur09, Salmonella virus 118970sal2

2 new species

[1]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Tankvirus

Arthrobacter virus Tank (type)

1 new species in new genus

[71]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Tin2virus

Tsukamurella virus TIN2 (type), Tsukamurella virus TIN3, Tsukamurella virus TIN4

3 new species in new genus

[72]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Titanvirus

Rhodobacter virus RcSpartan, Rhodobacter virus RcTitan (type)

2 new species in new genus

[73]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Tm4virus

Mycobacterium virus Fionnbarth

1 species renamed. Previous name: Mycobacterium virus Fionn

[3]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Unassigned

Rhodococcus virus RGL3

1 species moved and reassigned to be unassigned in the family. Previous taxonomic position: Caudovirales/Siphoviridae/unassigned/L5virus

[67]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Vegasvirus

Paenibacillus virus Vegas (type)

1 new species in new genus

[74]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Vendettavirus

Gordonia virus Vendetta (type)

1 new species in new genus

[75]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Wildcatvirus

Mycobacterium virus Wildcat (type)

1 new species in new genus

[76]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Woesvirus

Gordonia virus Hotorobo, Gordonia virus Monty, Gordonia virus Woes (type)

3 new species in new genus

[77]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Ydn12virus

Streptomyces virus TP1604, Streptomyces virus YDN12 (type)

2 new species in new genus

[78]

Caudovirales

Siphoviridae

Unassigned

Yuavirus

Pseudomonas virus LKO4, Pseudomonas virus MP1412, Pseudomonas virus PAE1

3 new species

[1]

Unassigned

Pleolipoviridae

Unassigned

Alphapleolipovirus

Haloarcula virus HHPV1, Haloarcula virus HHPV2, Halorubrum virus HRPV1 (type), Halorubrum virus HRPV2, Halorubrum virus HRPV6

5 species renamed from Haloarcula virus HRPV-1 etc., to remove hyphens

[3]

Unassigned

Pleolipoviridae

Unassigned

Betapleolipovirus

Halogeometricum virus HGPV1, Halorubrum virus HRPV3 (type)

2 species renamed. Previous names: Halogeometricum virus HGPV-1 and Halorubrum virus HRPV-3

[3]

Unassigned

Sphaerolipoviridae

Unassigned

Alphasphaerolipovirus

Haloarcula virus HCIV1

1 new species

[79]

Unassigned

Tristromaviridae

Unassigned

Alphatristromavirus

Pyrobaculum filamentous virus 1 (type)

1 new species in new genus in new family

[80]

Unassigned

Tristromaviridae

Unassigned

Alphatristromavirus

Thermoproteus tenax virus 1

1 species moved to new genus in new family. Previous taxonomic position: Ligamenvirales/Lipothrixviridae/unassigned/Alphalipothrixvirus

[80]

Ligamenvirales

Lipothrixviridae

Unassigned

Open image in new window

 

Genus abolished

[80]

Unassigned

Inoviridae

Unassigned

Fibrovirus

Vibrio virus fs1 (type)

1 species moved to be type species of new genus. Previous taxonomic position: unassigned/Inoviridae/unassigned/Inovirus

[81]

Unassigned

Inoviridae

Unassigned

Fibrovirus

Vibrio virus VGJ

1 new species in new genus

[81]

Unassigned

Inoviridae

Unassigned

Habenivirus

Ralstonia virus RS603, Ralstonia virus RSM1 (type), Ralstonia virus RSM3

3 new species in new genus

[81]

Unassigned

Inoviridae

Unassigned

Inovirus

Open image in new window

26 species abolished

[81]

Unassigned

Inoviridae

Unassigned

Lineavirus

Escherichia virus I22, Salmonella virus IKe (type)

2 species moved to new genus. Previous taxonomic position: unassigned/Inoviridae/unassigned/Inovirus

[81]

Unassigned

Inoviridae

Unassigned

Plectrovirus

Open image in new window

3 species abolished

[81]

Unassigned

Inoviridae

Unassigned

Saetivirus

Vibrio virus fs2 (type)

1 species moved to be type species of new genus. Previous taxonomic position: unassigned/Inoviridae/unassigned/Inovirus

[81]

Unassigned

Inoviridae

Unassigned

Saetivirus

Vibrio virus VFJ

1 new species in new genus

[81]

Unassigned

Inoviridae

Unassigned

Unassigned

Escherichia virus If1, Pseudomonas virus Pf1, Pseudomonas virus Pf3, Vibrio virus CTXphi, Vibrio virus Vf33, Xanthomonas virus Cf1c

6 species moved and reassigned to unassigned in the family. Previous taxonomic position: unassigned/Inoviridae/unassigned/Inovirus

[81]

Unassigned

Inoviridae

Unassigned

Unassigned

Propionibacterium virus B5, Ralstonia virus PE226, Ralstonia virus RSS1, Spiroplasma virus SVTS2, Stenotrophomonas virus PSH1, Stenotrophomonas virus SMA6, Stenotrophomonas virus SMA7, Stenotrophomonas virus SMA9, Vibrio virus KSF1, Vibrio virus VCY, Vibrio virus VfO3K6

11 new species unassigned in the family

[81]

Unassigned

Inoviridae

Unassigned

Vespertiliovirus

Spiroplasma virus C74, Spiroplasma virus R8A2B (type)

2 species moved to new genus. Previous taxonomic position: unassigned/Inoviridae/unassigned/Plectrovirus

[81]

Unassigned

Inoviridae

Unassigned

Vespertiliovirus

Spiroplasma virus SkV1CR23x

1 new species in new genus

[81]

Table 3

Taxonomic changes from the Subcommitee for Animal Viruses with DNA or Reverse-Transcribing Genomes (new taxa are in bold typeface)

Order

Family

Subfamily

Genus

Species

Taxonomic change

Ref.

Unassigned

Adenoviridae

Unassigned

Atadenovirus

Lizard atadenovirus A, Psittacine atadenovirus A

2 new species

[82]

Unassigned

Adenoviridae

Unassigned

Mastadenovirus

Dolphin mastadenovirus A, Platyrrhini mastadenovirus A, Sea lion mastadenovirus A, Simian mastadenovirus D, Simian mastadenovirus E, Simian mastadenovirus F, Simian mastadenovirus G, Simian mastadenovirus H, Skunk mastadenovirus A

9 new species

[83]

Unassigned

Adenoviridae

Unassigned

Siadenovirus

Penguin siadenovirus A

1 new species

[84]

Unassigned

Ascoviridae

Unassigned

Toursvirus

Diadromus pulchellus toursvirus

1 species renamed. Previous name: Diadromus pulchellus ascovirus 4a

[85]

Unassigned

Baculoviridae

Unassigned

Alphabaculovirus

Catopsilia pomona nucleopolyhedrovirus, Choristoneura murinana nucleopolyhedrovirus, Lambdina fiscellaria nucleopolyhedrovirus, Lymantria xylina nucleopolyhedrovirus, Orgyia leucostigma nucleopolyhedrovirus

5 new species

[86, 87]

Unassigned

Baculoviridae

Unassigned

Betabaculovirus

Clostera anachoreta granulovirus, Clostera anastomosis granulovirus A, Clostera anastomosis granulovirus B, Diatraea saccharalis granulovirus, Epinotia aporema granulovirus, Spodoptera litura granulovirus

6 new species

[88]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Circovirus

Bat associated circovirus 1

1 species renamed. Previous name: Bat circovirus 1

[89]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Circovirus

Bat associated circovirus 2

1 species renamed. Previous name: Bat circovirus 2

[89]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Circovirus

Bat associated circovirus 3

1 species renamed. Previous name: Bat circovirus 3

[89]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Circovirus

Chimpanzee associated circovirus 1

1 species renamed. Previous name: Chimpanzee faeces associated circovirus

[89]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Circovirus

Human associated circovirus 1

1 species renamed. Previous name: Human faeces associated circovirus

[89]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Bat associated cyclovirus 5

1 species renamed. Previous name: Bat cyclovirus

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Bat associated cyclovirus 1

1 species renamed. Previous name: Bat faeces associated cyclovirus 1

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Bat associated cyclovirus 2

1 species renamed. Previous name: Bat faeces associated cyclovirus 2

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Bat associated cyclovirus 3

1 species renamed. Previous name: Bat faeces associated cyclovirus 3

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Bat associated cyclovirus 4

1 species renamed. Previous name: Bat faeces associated cyclovirus 4

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Bovine associated cyclovirus 1

1 species renamed. Previous name: Bovine cyclovirus

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Chimpanzee associated cyclovirus 1

1 species renamed. Previous name: Chimpanzee faeces associated cyclovirus

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Dragonfly associated cyclovirus 1

1 species renamed. Previous name: Dragonfly cyclovirus 1

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Dragonfly associated cyclovirus 2

1 species renamed. Previous name: Dragonfly cyclovirus 2

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Dragonfly associated cyclovirus 3

1 species renamed. Previous name: Dragonfly cyclovirus 3

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Dragonfly associated cyclovirus 4

1 species renamed. Previous name: Dragonfly cyclovirus 4

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Dragonfly associated cyclovirus 5

1 species renamed. Previous name: Dragonfly cyclovirus 5

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Dragonfly associated cyclovirus 6

1 species renamed. Previous name: Dragonfly cyclovirus 6

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Dragonfly associated cyclovirus 7

1 species renamed. Previous name: Dragonfly cyclovirus 7

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Dragonfly associated cyclovirus 8

1 species renamed. Previous name: Dragonfly cyclovirus 8

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Cockroach associated cyclovirus 1

1 species renamed. Previous name: Florida wood cockroach cyclovirus

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Chicken associated cyclovirus 1

1 species renamed. Previous name: Gallus cyclovirus

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Goat associated cyclovirus 1

1 species renamed. Previous name: Goat cyclovirus

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Human associated cyclovirus 8

1 species renamed. Previous name: Human cyclovirus 1

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Human associated cyclovirus 9

1 species renamed. Previous name: Human cyclovirus 2

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Human associated cyclovirus 10

1 species renamed. Previous name: Human cyclovirus 3

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Human associated cyclovirus 1

1 species renamed. Previous name: Human faeces associated cyclovirus 1

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Human associated cyclovirus 2

1 species renamed. Previous name: Human faeces associated cyclovirus 2

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Human associated cyclovirus 3

1 species renamed. Previous name: Human faeces associated cyclovirus 3

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Human associated cyclovirus 4

1 species renamed. Previous name: Human faeces associated cyclovirus 4

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Human associated cyclovirus 5

1 species renamed. Previous name: Human faeces associated cyclovirus 5

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Human associated cyclovirus 6

1 species renamed. Previous name: Human faeces associated cyclovirus 6

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Human associated cyclovirus 7

1 species renamed. Previous name: Human faeces associated cyclovirus 8

[90]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Circovirus

Bat associated circovirus 4, Bat associated circovirus 5, Bat associated circovirus 6, Bat associated circovirus 7, Bat associated circovirus 8

5 new species

[89]

Unassigned

Circoviridae

Unassigned

Cyclovirus

Bat associated cyclovirus 10, Bat associated cyclovirus 11, Bat associated cyclovirus 12, Bat associated cyclovirus 13, Bat associated cyclovirus 14, Bat associated cyclovirus 15, Bat associated cyclovirus 16, Bat associated cyclovirus 6, Bat associated cyclovirus 7, Bat associated cyclovirus 8, Bat associated cyclovirus 9, Feline associated cyclovirus 1, Horse associated cyclovirus 1, Squirrel associated cyclovirus 1, Human associated cyclovirus 11

15 new species

[90]

Unassigned

Hepadnaviridae

Unassigned

Avihepadnavirus

Parrot hepatitis B virus

1 new species

[91]

Unassigned

Hepadnaviridae

Unassigned

Orthohepadnavirus

Pomona bat hepatitis B virus

1 new species

[92]

Unassigned

Hepadnaviridae

Unassigned

Unassigned

White sucker hepatitis B virus

1 new species

[93]

Unassigned

Iridoviridae

Alphairidovirinae

Lymphocystivirus

Lymphocystis disease virus 1 (type)

Genus and 1 species assigned to new subfamily. Previous taxonomic position: unassigned/Iridoviridae/unassigned/Lymphocystivirus

[94]

Unassigned

Iridoviridae

Alphairidovirinae

Megalocytivirus

Infectious spleen and kidney necrosis virus (type)

Genus and 1 species assigned to new subfamily. Previous taxonomic position: unassigned/Iridoviridae/unassigned/Megalocytivirus

[94]

Unassigned

Iridoviridae

Alphairidovirinae

Ranavirus

Ambystoma tigrinum virus, Bohle iridovirus, Epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virus, European catfish virus, Frog virus 3 (type), Santee-Cooper ranavirus

Genus and 6 species assigned to new subfamily. Previous taxonomic position: unassigned/Iridoviridae/unassigned/Ranavirus

[94]

Unassigned

Iridoviridae

Alphairidovirinae

Ranavirus

Singapore grouper iridovirus

1 new species in genus assigned to new subfamily

[94]

Unassigned

Iridoviridae

Betairidovirinae

Chloriridovirus

Invertebrate iridescent virus 3 (type)

Genus and 1 species assigned to new subfamily. Previous taxonomic position: unassigned/Iridoviridae/unassigned/Chloriridovirus

[94]

Unassigned

Iridoviridae

Betairidovirinae

Iridovirus

Invertebrate iridescent virus 1, Invertebrate iridescent virus 6 (type)

Genus and 2 species assigned to new subfamily. Previous taxonomic position: unassigned/Iridoviridae/unassigned/Iridovirus

[94]

Unassigned

Parvoviridae

Densovirinae

Ambidensovirus

Asteroid ambidensovirus 1, Decapod ambidensovirus 1, Hemipteran ambidensovirus 2, Hemipteran ambidensovirus 3, Hymenopteran ambidensovirus 1

5 new species

[95]

Unassigned

Parvoviridae

Densovirinae

Unassigned

Orthopteran densovirus 1

1 new species

[95]

Unassigned

Polyomaviridae

Unassigned

Alphapolyomavirus

Rattus norvegicus polyomavirus 1

1 new species

[96]

Unassigned

Polyomaviridae

Unassigned

Betapolyomavirus

Pan troglodytes polyomavirus 8, Microtus arvalis polyomavirus 1, Myodes glareolus polyomavirus 1

3 new species

[97, 98]

Unassigned

Poxviridae

Chordopoxvirinae

Centapoxvirus

Yokapox virus (type)

1 new species in new genus

[99]

Unassigned

Poxviridae

Chordopoxvirinae

Unassigned

Pteropox virus

1 new species

[100]

Unassigned

Retroviridae

Orthoretrovirinae

Gammaretrovirus

Koala retrovirus

1 new species

[101]

Unassigned

Retroviridae

Orthoretrovirinae

Lentivirus

Jembrana disease virus

1 new species

[102]

Table 4

Taxonomic changes from the Subcommitee for Fungal and Protist Viruses (changes listed here for convenience; the natural hosts are for the most part unknown; new taxa are in bold typeface)

Order

Family

Subfamily

Genus

Species

Taxonomic change

Ref.

Unassigned

Genomoviridae

Unassigned

Gemycircularvirus

Blackbird associated gemycircularvirus 1, Bovine associated gemycircularvirus 1, Bromus associated gemycircularvirus 1, Cassava associated gemycircularvirus 1, Chickadee associated gemycircularvirus 1, Chicken associated gemycircularvirus 1, Chicken associated gemycircularvirus 2, Dragonfly associated gemycircularvirus 1, Equine associated gemycircularvirus 1, Fur seal associated gemycircularvirus 1, Gerygone associated gemycircularvirus 1, Gerygone associated gemycircularvirus 2, Gerygone associated gemycircularvirus 3, Hypericum associated gemycircularvirus 1, Lama associated gemycircularvirus 1, Mallard associated gemycircularvirus 1, Miniopterus associated gemycircularvirus 1, Mongoose associated gemycircularvirus 1, Mosquito associated gemycircularvirus 1, Odonata associated gemycircularvirus 1, Odonata associated gemycircularvirus 2, Poaceae associated gemycircularvirus 1, Porcine associated gemycircularvirus 1, Porcine associated gemycircularvirus 2, Pteropus associated gemycircularvirus 1, Pteropus associated gemycircularvirus 10, Pteropus associated gemycircularvirus 2, Pteropus associated gemycircularvirus 3, Pteropus associated gemycircularvirus 4, Pteropus associated gemycircularvirus 5, Pteropus associated gemycircularvirus 6, Pteropus associated gemycircularvirus 7, Pteropus associated gemycircularvirus 8, Pteropus associated gemycircularvirus 9, Rat associated gemycircularvirus 1, Sewage derived gemycircularvirus 1, Sewage derived gemycircularvirus 2, Sewage derived gemycircularvirus 3, Sewage derived gemycircularvirus 4, Sewage derived gemycircularvirus 5, Sheep associated gemycircularvirus 1, Soybean associated gemycircularvirus 1

42 new species

[103]

Unassigned

Genomoviridae

Unassigned

Gemyduguivirus

Dragonfly associated gemyduguivirus 1 (type)

1 new species in new genus

[103]

Unassigned

Genomoviridae

Unassigned

Gemygorvirus

Canine associated gemygorvirus 1, Mallard associated gemygorvirus 1, Pteropus associated gemygorvirus 1, Sewage derived gemygorvirus 1, Starling associated gemygorvirus 1 (type)

5 new species in new genus

[103]

Unassigned

Genomoviridae

Unassigned

Gemykibivirus

Badger associated gemykibivirus 1, Black robin associated gemykibivirus 1, Blackbird associated gemykibivirus 1, Bovine associated gemykibivirus 1, Dragonfly associated gemykibivirus 1 (type), Human associated gemykibivirus 1, Human associated gemykibivirus 2, Human associated gemykibivirus 3, Human associated gemykibivirus 4, Human associated gemykibivirus 5, Mongoose associated gemykibivirus 1, Pteropus associated gemykibivirus 1, Rhinolophus associated gemykibivirus 1, Rhinolophus associated gemykibivirus 2, Sewage derived gemykibivirus 1, Sewage derived gemykibivirus 2

16 new species in new genus

[103]

Unassigned

Genomoviridae

Unassigned

Gemykolovirus

Pteropus associated gemykolovirus 1 (type), Pteropus associated gemykolovirus 2

2 new species in new genus

[103]

Unassigned

Genomoviridae

Unassigned

Gemykrogvirus

Bovine associated gemykrogvirus 1 (type), Caribou associated gemykrogvirus 1, Sewage derived gemykrogvirus 1

3 new species in new genus

[103]

Unassigned

Genomoviridae

Unassigned

Gemykroznavirus

Rabbit associated gemykroznavirus 1 (type)

1 new species in new genus

[103]

Unassigned

Genomoviridae

Unassigned

Gemytondvirus

Ostrich associated gemytondvirus 1 (type)

1 new species in new genus

[103]

Unassigned

Genomoviridae

Unassigned

Gemyvongvirus

Human associated gemyvongvirus 1 (type)

1 new species in new genus

[103]

Table 5

Taxonomic changes from the Subcommitee for Animal Viruses with dsRNA or ssRNA genomes (new taxa are in bold typeface)

Order

Family

Subfamily

Genus

Species

Taxonomic change

Ref.

Bunyavirales

Feraviridae

Unassigned

Orthoferavirus

Ferak orthoferavirus (type)

1 new species in new genus in new family in new order

[104, 114]

Bunyavirales

Fimoviridae

Unassigned

Emaravirus

European mountain ash ringspot-associated emaravirus (type), Fig mosaic emaravirus, High Plains wheat mosaic emaravirus, Pigeonpea sterility mosaic emaravirus 1, Raspberry leaf blotch emaravirus, Rose rosette emaravirus

6 species renamed (*virus → *emaravirus) in genus moved to new family in new order. Previous taxonomic position: unassigned/unassigned/unassigned/Emaravirus

[105, 114]

Bunyavirales

Hantaviridae

Unassigned

Orthohantavirus

Open image in new window

7 species abolished from genus (previously named Hantavirus) moved to new family in new order

[106, 114]

Bunyavirales

Hantaviridae

Unassigned

Orthohantavirus

Andes orthohantavirus, Bayou orthohantavirus, Black Creek Canal orthohantavirus, Cano Delgadito orthohantavirus, Dobrava-Belgrade orthohantavirus, El Moro Canyon orthohantavirus, Hantaan orthohantavirus (type), Khabarovsk orthohantavirus, Laguna Negra orthohantavirus, Prospect Hill orthohantavirus, Puumala orthohantavirus, Sangassou orthohantavirus, Seoul orthohantavirus, Sin Nombre orthohantavirus, Thailand orthohantavirus, Thottapalayam orthohantavirus, Tula orthohantavirus

Genus and 17 species renamed (*hantavirus → *orthohantavirus) and moved to new family in new order. Previous taxonomic position: unassigned/Bunyaviridae/unassigned/Hantavirus

[106, 114]

Bunyavirales

Hantaviridae

Unassigned

Orthohantavirus

Amga orthohantavirus, Asama orthohantavirus, Asikkala orthohantavirus, Bowe orthohantavirus, Bruges orthohantavirus, Cao Bang orthohantavirus, Choclo orthohantavirus, Dabieshan orthohantavirus, Fugong orthohantavirus, Fusong orthohantavirus, Imjin orthohantavirus, Jeju orthohantavirus, Kenkeme orthohantavirus, Laibin orthohantavirus, Longquan orthohantavirus, Luxi orthohantavirus, Maporal orthohantavirus, Montano orthohantavirus, Necocli orthohantavirus, Nova orthohantavirus, Oxbow orthohantavirus, Quezon orthohantavirus, Rockport orthohantavirus, Yakeshi orthohantavirus

24 new species in genus renamed and moved as above.

[106, 114]

Bunyavirales

Peribunyaviridae

Unassigned

Herbevirus

Herbert herbevirus (type), Kibale herbevirus, Shuangao insect herbevirus 1, Tai herbevirus

4 new species in new genus in renamed family in new order (family previously unassigned and named Bunyaviridae)

[107, 114]

Bunyavirales

Jonviridae

Unassigned

Orthojonvirus

Jonchet orthojonvirus (type)

1 new species in new genus in new family in new order

[108, 114]

Bunyavirales

Nairoviridae

Unassigned

Orthonairovirus

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever orthonairovirus, Dera Ghazi Khan orthonairovirus, Dugbe orthonairovirus (type), Hughes orthonairovirus, Qalyub orthonairovirus, Sakhalin orthonairovirus, Thiafora orthonairovirus

Genus and 7 species renamed (*nairovirus → *orthonairovirus) and moved to new family in new order. Previous taxonomic position: unassigned/Bunyaviridae/unassigned/Nairovirus

[109, 114]

Bunyavirales

Nairoviridae

Unassigned

Orthonairovirus

Burana orthonairovirus, Hazara orthonairovirus, Kasokero orthonairovirus, Keterah orthonairovirus, Nairobi sheep disease orthonairovirus

5 new species in genus renamed and moved as above

[109, 114]

Bunyavirales

Peribunyaviridae

Unassigned

Orthobunyavirus

Acara orthobunyavirus, Akabane orthobunyavirus, Alajuela orthobunyavirus, Anopheles A orthobunyavirus, Anopheles B orthobunyavirus, Bakau orthobunyavirus, Batama orthobunyavirus, Benevides orthobunyavirus, Bertioga orthobunyavirus, Bimiti orthobunyavirus, Botambi orthobunyavirus, Bunyamwera orthobunyavirus (type), Bushbush orthobunyavirus, Bwamba orthobunyavirus, California encephalitis orthobunyavirus, Capim orthobunyavirus, Caraparu orthobunyavirus, Catu orthobunyavirus, Estero Real orthobunyavirus, Gamboa orthobunyavirus, Guajara orthobunyavirus, Guama orthobunyavirus, Guaroa orthobunyavirus, Kaeng Khoi orthobunyavirus, Kairi orthobunyavirus, Koongol orthobunyavirus, Madrid orthobunyavirus, Main Drain orthobunyavirus, Manzanilla orthobunyavirus, Marituba orthobunyavirus, Minatitlan orthobunyavirus, MPoko orthobunyavirus, Nyando orthobunyavirus, Olifantsvlei orthobunyavirus, Oriboca orthobunyavirus, Oropouche orthobunyavirus, Patois orthobunyavirus, Sathuperi orthobunyavirus, Shamonda orthobunyavirus, Shuni orthobunyavirus, Simbu orthobunyavirus, Tacaiuma orthobunyavirus, Tete orthobunyavirus, Thimiri orthobunyavirus, Timboteua orthobunyavirus, Turlock orthobunyavirus, Wyeomyia orthobunyavirus, Zegla orthobunyavirus

48 species, genus and family moved to new order (family previously unassigned and named Bunyaviridae)

[114]

Bunyavirales

Phasmaviridae

Unassigned

Orthophasmavirus

Kigluaik phantom orthophasmavirus (type), Nome phantom orthophasmavirus, Shuangao insect orthophasmavirus 2, Wuchang cockroach orthophasmavirus 1, Wuhan mosquito orthophasmavirus 1, Wuhan mosquito orthophasmavirus 2

6 new species in new genus in new family in new order

[110, 114]

Bunyavirales

Phenuiviridae

Unassigned

Goukovirus

Cumuto goukovirus, Gouleako goukovirus (type), Yichang insect goukovirus

3 new species in new genus in new family in new order

[111, 114]

Bunyavirales

Phenuiviridae

Unassigned

Phasivirus

Badu phasivirus (type), Phasi Charoen-like phasivirus, Wuhan fly phasivirus, Wutai mosquito phasivirus

4 new species in new genus in new family in new order

[112, 114]

Bunyavirales

Phenuiviridae

Unassigned

Phlebovirus

Bujaru phlebovirus, Candiru phlebovirus, Chilibre phlebovirus, Frijoles phlebovirus, Punta Toro phlebovirus, Rift Valley fever phlebovirus (type), Salehabad phlebovirus, Sandfly fever Naples phlebovirus, SFTS phlebovirus, Uukuniemi phlebovirus

10 species and genus moved to new family in new order. Previous taxonomic position: unassigned/Bunyaviridae/unassigned/Phlebovirus

[114]

Bunyavirales

Phenuiviridae

Unassigned

Tenuivirus

Echinochloa hoja blanca tenuivirus, Iranian wheat stripe tenuivirus, Maize stripe tenuivirus, Rice grassy stunt tenuivirus, Rice hoja blanca tenuivirus, Rice stripe tenuivirus (type), Urochloa hoja blanca tenuivirus

7 species renamed from (*virus → *tenuivirus) in genus moved to new family in new order. Previous taxonomic position: unassigned/unassigned/unassigned/Tenuivirus

[113, 114]

Bunyavirales

Tospoviridae

Unassigned

Orthotospovirus

Groundnut bud necrosis orthotospovirus, Groundnut ringspot orthotospovirus, Groundnut yellow spot orthotospovirus, Impatiens necrotic spot orthotospovirus, Iris yellow spot orthotospovirus, Polygonum ringspot orthotospovirus, Tomato chlorotic spot orthotospovirus, Tomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (type), Watermelon bud necrosis orthotospovirus, Watermelon silver mottle orthotospovirus, Zucchini lethal chlorosis orthotospovirus

Genus and 11 species renamed (*tospo → *orthotospo) moved to new family in new order. Previous taxonomic position: unassigned/Bunyaviridae/unassigned/Tospovirus

[114]

Mononegavirales

Bornaviridae

Unassigned

Bornavirus

Mammalian 2 bornavirus

1 new species

[115]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Aquaparamyxovirus

Salmon aquaparamyxovirus

1 species renamed. Previous name: Atlantic salmon paramyxovirus

[116]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Avulavirus

Avian avulavirus 10

1 species renamed. Previous name: Avian paramyxovirus 10

[117]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Avulavirus

Avian avulavirus 11

1 species renamed. Previous name: Avian paramyxovirus 11

[117]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Avulavirus

Avian avulavirus 12

1 species renamed. Previous name: Avian paramyxovirus 12

[117]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Avulavirus

Avian avulavirus 2

1 species renamed. Previous name: Avian paramyxovirus 2

[117]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Avulavirus

Avian avulavirus 3

1 species renamed. Previous name: Avian paramyxovirus 3

[117]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Avulavirus

Avian avulavirus 4

1 species renamed. Previous name: Avian paramyxovirus 4

[117]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Avulavirus

Avian avulavirus 5

1 species renamed. Previous name: Avian paramyxovirus 5

[117]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Avulavirus

Avian avulavirus 6

1 species renamed. Previous name: Avian paramyxovirus 6

[117]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Avulavirus

Avian avulavirus 7

1 species renamed. Previous name: Avian paramyxovirus 7

[117]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Avulavirus

Avian avulavirus 8

1 species renamed. Previous name: Avian paramyxovirus 8

[117]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Avulavirus

Avian avulavirus 9

1 species renamed. Previous name: Avian paramyxovirus 9

[117]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Avulavirus

Avian avulavirus 1

1 species renamed. Previous name: Newcastle disease virus

[117]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Avulavirus

Avian avulavirus 13

1 new species

[117]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Ferlavirus

Reptilian ferlavirus

1 species renamed. Previous name: Fer-de-Lance paramyxovirus

[116]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Henipavirus

Hendra henipavirus, Nipah henipavirus

2 species renamed (*virus→ *henipavirus)

[116]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Morbillivirus

Canine morbillivirus

1 species renamed. Previous name: Canine distemper virus

[116]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Morbillivirus

Measles morbillivirus

1 species renamed. Previous name: Measles virus

[116]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Morbillivirus

Small ruminant morbillivirus

1 species renamed. Previous name: Peste-des-petits-ruminants virus

[116]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Morbillivirus

Phocine morbillivirus

1 species renamed. Previous name: Phocine distemper virus

[116]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Morbillivirus

Rinderpest morbillivirus

1 species renamed. Previous name: Rinderpest virus

[116]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Respirovirus

Bovine respirovirus 3

1 species renamed. Previous name: Bovine parainfluenza virus 3

[116]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Respirovirus

Human respirovirus 1

1 species renamed. Previous name: Human parainfluenza virus 1

[116]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Respirovirus

Human respirovirus 3

1 species renamed. Previous name: Human parainfluenza virus 3

[116]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Respirovirus

Porcine respirovirus 1

1 species renamed. Previous name: Porcine parainfluenza virus 1

[116]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Respirovirus

Murine respirovirus

1 species renamed. Previous name: Sendai virus

[116]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Rubulavirus

Human rubulavirus 2

1 species renamed. Previous name: Human parainfluenza virus 2

[116]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Rubulavirus

Human rubulavirus 4

1 species renamed. Previous name: Human parainfluenza virus 4

[116]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Rubulavirus

Mapuera rubulavirus

1 species renamed. Previous name: Mapuera virus

[116]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Rubulavirus

Mumps rubulavirus

1 species renamed. Previous name: Mumps virus

[116]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Rubulavirus

Mammalian rubulavirus 5

1 species renamed. Previous name: Parainfluenza virus 5

[116]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Rubulavirus

Simian rubulavirus

1 species renamed. Previous name: Simian virus 41

[116]

Mononegavirales

Paramyxoviridae

Unassigned

Rubulavirus

Achimota rubulavirus 1, Achimota rubulavirus 2, Bat mumps rubulavirus, Menangle rubulavirus, Sosuga rubulavirus, Teviot rubulavirus, Tioman rubulavirus, Tuhoko rubulavirus 1, Tuhoko rubulavirus 2, Tuhoko rubulavirus 3

10 new species

[118]

Mononegavirales

Pneumoviridae

Unassigned

Orthopneumovirus

Bovine orthopneumovirus

1 species renamed. Previous name: Bovine respiratory syncytial virus

[119]

Mononegavirales

Pneumoviridae

Unassigned

Orthopneumovirus

Human orthopneumovirus

1 species renamed. Previous name: Human respiratory syncytial virus

[119]

Mononegavirales

Pneumoviridae

Unassigned

Orthopneumovirus

Murine orthopneumovirus

1 species renamed. Previous name: Murine pneumonia virus

[119]

Mononegavirales

Rhabdoviridae

Unassigned

Almendravirus

Arboretum almendravirus, Balsa almendravirus, Coot Bay almendravirus, Puerto Almendras almendravirus (type), Rio Chico almendravirus

5 new species in new genus

[120]

Mononegavirales

Rhabdoviridae

Unassigned

Curiovirus

Curionopolis curiovirus (type), Iriri curiovirus, Itacaiunas curiovirus, Rochambeau curiovirus

4 new species in new genus

[121]

Mononegavirales

Rhabdoviridae

Unassigned

Cytorhabdovirus

Colocasia bobone disease-associated cytorhabdovirus

1 new species

[122]

Mononegavirales

Rhabdoviridae

Unassigned

Ephemerovirus

Kimberley ephemerovirus, Koolpinyah ephemerovirus, Yata ephemerovirus

3 new species

[123]

Mononegavirales

Rhabdoviridae

Unassigned

Hapavirus

Flanders hapavirus (type), Ngaingan hapavirus, Wongabel hapavirus

3 species moved and renamed (*virus→ *hapavirus) assigning them to new genus. Previous taxonomic position: Mononegavirales/Rhabdoviridae/unassigned/unassigned

[124]

Mononegavirales

Rhabdoviridae

Unassigned

Hapavirus

Gray Lodge hapavirus, Hart Park hapavirus, Joinjakaka hapavirus, Kamese hapavirus, La Joya hapavirus, Landjia hapavirus, Manitoba hapavirus, Marco hapavirus, Mosqueiro hapavirus, Mossuril hapavirus, Ord River hapavirus, Parry Creek hapavirus

11 new species in new genus

[124]

Mononegavirales

Rhabdoviridae

Unassigned

Ledantevirus

Barur ledantevirus, Fikirini ledantevirus, Fukuoka ledantevirus, Kern Canyon ledantevirus, Keuraliba ledantevirus, Kolente ledantevirus, Kumasi ledantevirus, Le Dantec ledantevirus (type), Mount Elgon bat ledantevirus, Nishimuro ledantevirus, Nkolbisson ledantevirus, Oita ledantevirus, Wuhan ledantevirus, Yongjia ledantevirus

14 new species in new genus

[125]

Mononegavirales

Rhabdoviridae

Unassigned

Novirhabdovirus

Salmonid novirhabdovirus

1 species renamed. Previous name: Oncorhynchus 1 novirhabdovirus

[126]

Mononegavirales

Rhabdoviridae

Unassigned

Novirhabdovirus

Piscine novirhabdovirus

1 species renamed. Previous name: Oncorhynchus 2 novirhabdovirus

[126]

Mononegavirales

Rhabdoviridae

Unassigned

Sripuvirus

Almpiwar sripuvirus, Chaco sripuvirus, Niakha sripuvirus (type), Sena Madureira sripuvirus, Sripur sripuvirus

5 new species in new genus

[127]

Mononegavirales

Rhabdoviridae

Unassigned

Tibrovirus

Bas-Congo tibrovirus, Ekpoma 1 tibrovirus, Ekpoma 2 tibrovirus, Sweetwater Branch tibrovirus

4 new species

[128]

Mononegavirales

Rhabdoviridae

Unassigned

Tupavirus

Klamath tupavirus

1 new species

[129]

Mononegavirales

Rhabdoviridae

Unassigned

Vesiculovirus

American bat vesiculovirus, Jurona vesiculovirus, Malpais Spring vesiculovirus, Morreton vesiculovirus, Perinet vesiculovirus, Radi vesiculovirus, Yug Bogdanovac vesiculovirus

7 new species

[130]

Unassigned

Arenaviridae

Unassigned

Mammarenavirus

Loei River mammarenavirus, Solwezi mammarenavirus

2 new species

[131, 132]

Unassigned

Nyamiviridae

Unassigned

Peropuvirus

Pteromalus puparum peropuvirus (type)

1 new species in new genus

[133]

Unassigned

Orthomyxoviridae

Unassigned

Influenzavirus D

Influenza D virus (type)

1 new species in new genus

[134]

Unassigned

Reoviridae

Sedoreovirinae

Rotavirus

Rotavirus I

1 new species

[135]

Unassigned

Unassigned

Unassigned

Tilapinevirus

Tilapia tilapinevirus (type)

1 new species in new genus

[136]

Table 6

Taxonomic changes from the Subcommitee for Plant Viruses (new taxa are in bold typeface; plant-infecting viruses are also affected by changes listed in Table 5 to the genera Emaravirus [105], Tenuivirus [113], Tospovirus [114] and Cytorhabdovirus [122] and the creation of the order Bunyavirales [114])

Order

Family

Subfamily

Genus

Species

Taxonomic change

Ref.

Bunyavirales

Fimoviridae

Unassigned

Emaravirus

Actinidia chlorotic ringspot-associated emaravirus

1 new species in genus previously unassigned that is now reassigned to new family in new order

[114, 137]

Bunyavirales

Fimoviridae

Unassigned

Emaravirus

Pigeonpea sterility mosaic emaravirus 2

1 new species in genus previously unassigned that is now reassigned to new family in new order

[114, 138]

Bunyavirales

Fimoviridae

Unassigned

Emaravirus

Redbud yellow ringspot-associated emaravirus

1 new species in genus previously unassigned that is now reassigned to new family in new order

[114, 139]

Picornavirales

Secoviridae

Unassigned

Cheravirus

Currant latent virus

1 new species

[140]

Picornavirales

Secoviridae

Unassigned

Torradovirus

Squash chlorotic leaf spot virus

1 new species

[141]

Picornavirales

Secoviridae

Unassigned

Unassigned

Chocolate lily virus A

1 new species

[141]

Picornavirales

Secoviridae

Unassigned

Waikavirus

Bellflower vein chlorosis virus

1 new species

[141]

Tymovirales

Tymoviridae

Unassigned

Marafivirus

Nectarine marafivirus M

1 new species

[142]

Tymovirales

Tymoviridae

Unassigned

Tymovirus

Tomato blistering mosaic tymovirus

1 new species

[142]

Unassigned

Caulimoviridae

Unassigned

Badnavirus

Taro bacilliform CH virus, Yacon necrotic mottle virus, Mulberry badnavirus 1

3 new species

[143, 144]

Unassigned

Caulimoviridae

Unassigned

Caulimovirus

Atractylodes mild mottle virus

1 new species

[145]

Unassigned

Closteroviridae

Unassigned

Closterovirus

Rose leaf rosette-associated virus, Tobacco virus 1

2 new species

[146]

Unassigned

Closteroviridae

Unassigned

Crinivirus

Tetterwort vein chlorosis virus

1 new species

[146]

Unassigned

Closteroviridae

Unassigned

Unassigned

Persimmon virus B

1 new species

[146]

Unassigned

Closteroviridae

Unassigned

Velarivirus

Areca palm velarivirus 1

1 new species

[146]

Unassigned

Endornaviridae

Unassigned

Alphaendornavirus

Oryza sativa alphaendornavirus (new type), Vicia faba alphaendornavirus (type designation removed), Basella alba alphaendornavirus 1, Bell pepper alphaendornavirus, Helicobasidium mompa alphaendornavirus 1, Oryza rufipogon alphaendornavirus, Persea americana alphaendornavirus 1, Phaseolus vulgaris alphaendornavirus 1, Phaseolus vulgaris alphaendornavirus 2, Phytophthora alphaendornavirus 1, Yerba mate alphaendornavirus

Genus and 11 species renamed (endornavirus → *alphaendornavirus)

[148]

Unassigned

Endornaviridae

Unassigned

Alphaendornavirus

Cucumis melo alphaendornavirus, Erysiphe cichoracearum alphaendornavirus, Grapevine endophyte alphaendornavirus, Hordeum vulgare alphaendornavirus, Hot pepper alphaendornavirus, Lagenaria siceraria alphaendornavirus, Rhizoctonia cerealis alphaendornavirus 1

7 new species in renamed genus (previously Endornavirus)

[147, 148]

Unassigned

Endornaviridae

Unassigned

Betaendornavirus

Sclerotinia sclerotiorum betaendornavirus 1 (type)

1 species moved and reassigned to new genus. Previous taxonomic position: unassigned/Endornaviridae/unassigned/Endornavirus

[148]

Unassigned

Endornaviridae

Unassigned

Betaendornavirus

Alternaria brassicicola betaendornavirus 1, Gremmeniella abietina betaendornavirus 1, Tuber aestivum betaendornavirus

3 new species in new genus

[147, 148]

Unassigned

Geminiviridae

Unassigned

Capulavirus

Alfalfa leaf curl virus, Euphorbia caput-medusae latent virus (type), French bean severe leaf curl virus, Plantago lanceolata latent virus

4 new species in new genus

[149]

Unassigned

Geminiviridae

Unassigned

Grablovirus

Grapevine red blotch virus (type)

1 new species in new genus

[149]

Unassigned

Geminiviridae

Unassigned

Unassigned

Citrus chlorotic dwarf associated virus, Mulberry mosaic dwarf associated virus

2 new species

[149]

Unassigned

Luteoviridae

Unassigned

Enamovirus

Alfalfa enamovirus 1

1 new species

[150]

Unassigned

Potyviridae

Unassigned

Macluravirus

Broad-leafed dock virus A, Yam chlorotic mosaic virus

2 new species

[151]

Unassigned

Potyviridae

Unassigned

Potyvirus

Open image in new window

5 species abolished

[152]

Unassigned

Potyviridae

Unassigned

Potyvirus

Jasmine virus T, Zucchini shoestring virus, Lettuce Italian necrotic virus

3 new species

[152]

Unassigned

Tolecusatellitidae

Unassigned

Betasatellite

Ageratum leaf curl Buea betasatellite, Ageratum leaf curl Cameroon betasatellite, Ageratum yellow leaf curl betasatellite, Ageratum yellow vein betasatellite (type), Ageratum yellow vein India betasatellite, Ageratum yellow vein Sri Lanka betasatellite, Alternanthera yellow vein betasatellite, Andrographis yellow vein leaf curl betasatellite, Bhendi yellow vein mosaic betasatellite, Cardiospermum yellow leaf curl betasatellite, Chili leaf curl betasatellite, Chili leaf curl Jaunpur betasatellite, Chili leaf curl Sri Lanka betasatellite, Cotton leaf curl Gezira betasatellite, Cotton leaf curl Multan betasatellite, Croton yellow vein mosaic betasatellite, Eupatorium yellow vein betasatellite, Eupatorium yellow vein mosaic betasatellite, French bean leaf curl betasatellite, Hedyotis yellow mosaic betasatellite, Honeysuckle yellow vein betasatellite, Honeysuckle yellow vein mosaic betasatellite, Malvastrum leaf curl betasatellite, Malvastrum leaf curl Guangdong betasatellite, Mirabilis leaf curl betasatellite, Momordica yellow mosaic betasatellite, Mungbean yellow mosaic betasatellite, Okra leaf curl Oman betasatellite, Papaya leaf curl betasatellite, Papaya leaf curl China betasatellite, Papaya leaf curl India betasatellite, Rhynchosia yellow mosaic betasatellite, Rose leaf curl betasatellite, Siegesbeckia yellow vein betasatellite, Tomato leaf curl Laguna betasatellite, Tobacco curly shoot betasatellite, Tobacco leaf curl betasatellite, Tobacco leaf curl Japan betasatellite, Tobacco leaf curl Patna betasatellite, Tomato leaf curl betasatellite, Tomato leaf curl Bangalore betasatellite, Tomato leaf curl Bangladesh betasatellite, Tomato leaf curl China betasatellite, Tomato leaf curl Gandhinagar betasatellite, Tomato leaf curl Java virus betasatellite, Tomato leaf curl Joydebpur betasatellite, Tomato leaf curl Laos betasatellite, Tomato leaf curl Malaysia betasatellite, Tomato leaf curl Nepal betasatellite, Tomato leaf curl Patna betasatellite, Tomato leaf curl Philippine betasatellite, Tomato leaf curl Sri Lanka betasatellite, Tomato leaf curl Yemen betasatellite, Tomato yellow leaf curl China betasatellite, Tomato yellow leaf curl Rajasthan betasatellite, Tomato yellow leaf curl Shandong betasatellite, Tomato yellow leaf curl Thailand betasatellite, Tomato yellow leaf curl Vietnam betasatellite, Tomato yellow leaf curl Yunnan betasatellite, Vernonia yellow vein betasatellite, Vernonia yellow vein Fujian betasatellite

61 new species in new genus in new family

[153]

Unassigned

Tolecusatellitidae

Unassigned

Deltasatellite

Croton yellow vein deltasatellite, Malvastrum leaf curl deltasatellite, Sida golden yellow vein deltasatellite 1, Sida golden yellow vein deltasatellite 2, Sida golden yellow vein deltasatellite 3, Sweet potato leaf curl deltasatellite 1, Sweet potato leaf curl deltasatellite 2, Sweet potato leaf curl deltasatellite 3, Tomato leaf curl deltasatellite (type), Tomato yellow leaf distortion deltasatellite 1, Tomato yellow leaf distortion deltasatellite 2

11 new species in new genus in new family

[153]

Unassigned

Tombusviridae

Unassigned

Umbravirus

Ethiopian tobacco bushy top virus, Opium poppy mosaic virus

2 new species

[154]

Unassigned

Unassigned

Unassigned

Blunervirus

Blueberry necrotic ring blotch virus (type)

1 new species in new genus

[155]

Unassigned

Unassigned

Unassigned

Cilevirus

Citrus leprosis virus C2

1 new species

[156]

Unassigned

Virgaviridae

Unassigned

Pomovirus

Colombian potato soil-borne virus

1 new species

[157]

Unassigned

Virgaviridae

Unassigned

Tobamovirus

Plumeria mosaic virus, Tomato brown rugose fruit virus

2 new species

[158]

Table 7

Taxonomic changes from the Subcommitee for Animal Viruses with ssRNA+ Genomes (new taxa are in bold typeface)

Order

Family

Subfamily

Genus

Species

Taxonomic change

Ref.

Nidovirales

Arteriviridae

Unassigned

Dipartevirus

Wobbly possum disease virus (type)

1 species moved and reassigned to new genus. Previous taxonomic position: Nidovirales/Arteriviridae/unassigned/Arterivirus

[159]

Nidovirales

Arteriviridae

Unassigned

Equartevirus

Equine arteritis virus (type)

1 species moved and reassigned to new genus. Previous taxonomic position: Nidovirales/Arteriviridae/unassigned/Arterivirus

[159]

Nidovirales

Arteriviridae

Unassigned

Nesartevirus

African pouched rat arterivirus (type)

1 species renamed, moved and reassigned to new genus. Previous name: Forest pouched giant rat arterivirus. Previous taxonomic position: Nidovirales/Arteriviridae/unassigned/Arterivirus

[159]

Nidovirales

Arteriviridae

Unassigned

Porartevirus

Lactate dehydrogenase-elevating virus (type), Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus 1, Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus 2

3 species moved and reassigned to new genus. Previous taxonomic position: Nidovirales/Arteriviridae/unassigned/Arterivirus

[159]

Nidovirales

Arteriviridae

Unassigned

Porartevirus

Rat arterivirus 1

1 new species in new genus

[159]

Nidovirales

Arteriviridae

Unassigned

Simartevirus

DeBrazza’s monkey arterivirus, Kibale red colobus virus 1, Kibale red colobus virus 2, Kibale red-tailed guenon virus 1, Mikumi yellow baboon virus 1, Pebjah virus, Simian hemorrhagic encephalitis virus, Simian hemorrhagic fever virus (type)

8 species moved and reassigned to new genus. Previous taxonomic position: Nidovirales/Arteriviridae/unassigned/Arterivirus

[159]

Nidovirales

Arteriviridae

Unassigned

Simartevirus

Free State vervet virus, Kafue kinda chacma baboon virus

2 new species in new genus

[159]

Nidovirales

Arteriviridae

Unassigned

Open image in new window

 

Genus abolished

[159]

Nidovirales

Coronaviridae

Torovirinae

Unassigned

Bovine nidovirus 1, Chinook salmon nidovirus 1

2 new species

[160]

Picornavirales

Iflaviridae

Unassigned

Iflavirus

Brevicoryne brassicae virus

1 new species

[161]

Picornavirales

Picornaviridae

Unassigned

Ampivirus

Ampivirus A (type)

1 new species in new genus

[162]

Picornavirales

Picornaviridae

Unassigned

Avisivirus

Avisivirus B, Avisivirus C

2 new species

[163]

Picornavirales

Picornaviridae

Unassigned

Cosavirus

Cosavirus B, Cosavirus D, Cosavirus E, Cosavirus F

4 new species

[164]

Picornavirales

Picornaviridae

Unassigned

Enterovirus

Enterovirus I

1 new species

[165]

Picornavirales

Picornaviridae

Unassigned

Harkavirus

Harkavirus A (type)

1 new species in new genus

[166]

Picornavirales

Picornaviridae

Unassigned

Hepatovirus

Hepatovirus B, Hepatovirus C, Hepatovirus D, Hepatovirus E, Hepatovirus F, Hepatovirus G, Hepatovirus H, Hepatovirus I

8 new species

[167]

Picornavirales

Picornaviridae

Unassigned

Kobuvirus

Aichivirus D, Aichivirus E, Aichivirus F

3 new species

[168]

Picornavirales

Picornaviridae

Unassigned

Mischivirus

Mischivirus B, Mischivirus C

2 new species

[169]

Picornavirales

Picornaviridae

Unassigned

Parechovirus

Parechovirus C, Parechovirus D

1 new species

[170]

Picornavirales

Picornaviridae

Unassigned

Rabovirus

Rabovirus A (type)

1 new species in new genus

[171]

Picornavirales

Picornaviridae

Unassigned

Torchivirus

Torchivirus A (type)

1 new species in new genus

[172]

Unassigned

Flaviviridae

Unassigned

Hepacivirus

Hepacivirus C

1 species renamed. Previous name: Hepatitis C virus

[173]

Unassigned

Flaviviridae

Unassigned

Hepacivirus

Hepacivirus A, Hepacivirus B, Hepacivirus D, Hepacivirus E, Hepacivirus F, Hepacivirus G, Hepacivirus H, Hepacivirus I, Hepacivirus J, Hepacivirus K, Hepacivirus L, Hepacivirus M, Hepacivirus N

13 new species

[173]

Unassigned

Flaviviridae

Unassigned

Pegivirus

Pegivirus C, Pegivirus D, Pegivirus E, Pegivirus F, Pegivirus G, Pegivirus H, Pegivirus I, Pegivirus J, Pegivirus K

9 new species

[174]

Unassigned

Solinviviridae

Unassigned

Invictavirus

Solenopsis invicta virus 3 (type)

1 new species in new genus in new family

[175]

Unassigned

Solinviviridae

Unassigned

Nyfulvavirus

Nylanderia fulva virus 1 (type)

1 new species in new genus in new family

[175]

Changes to the International Code of Virus Classification and Nomenclature

Additions to the Code Rule 3.32 and a new Rule 3.34 were proposed [176] to enable the classification of satellite nucleic acids (see Plant Virus proposal to create the family Tolecusatellitidae [153]). The additions are shown in bold, below:

Viroidsand satellite nucleic acids

3.32

Rules concerned with the classification of viruses shall also apply to the classification of viroids and satellite nucleic acids.

3.34

The formal endings for taxa of satellite nucleic acids are the suffix "-satellite” for genera, the suffix “-satellitinae” for sub-families (should this taxon be needed) and “-satellitidae” for families.

Conclusion

All of the taxonomic proposals listed were unanimously (or almost unanimously) approved by the 90 members who voted (a return rate of about 60%). The changes are now part of the official ICTV taxonomy. An up-to-date list of all approved taxa can be found on the ICTV online website: http://www.ictv.global/msl.htm.

Compliance with ethical standards

Funding

A.R.M. is a Program Director at the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF); his work on this project was supported in part by the NSF Independent Research and Development program, but the statements and opinions expressed herein are made in the personal capacity and do not constitute the endorsement by NSF or the government of the United States. The content of this publication does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the US Department of Health and Human Services or of the institutions and companies affiliated with the authors. This work was supported in part through Battelle Memorial Institute’s prime contract with the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) under Contract No. HHSN272200700016I. A subcontractor to Battelle Memorial Institute who performed this work is: J.H.K., an employee of Tunnell Government Services, Inc. N.J.K. is partially supported by core funding provided by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, UK. B.H. is partially supported by National Research, Development and Innovation Office—NKFIH, K100163. A.E.G. is partially supported by EU project EVAg 653316 and the Leids Universiteits Fonds. A.J.D. is supported by the Medical Research Council (MC_UU_12014/3). S.S. acknowledges partial support from Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station (MAFES).

Conflict of interest

All authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ICTV Business SecretaryStevenageUK
  2. 2.Department of MicrobiologyUniversity of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB)BirminghamUSA
  3. 3.Sunfield, Dawney Hill, PirbrightWokingUK
  4. 4.Institute for Veterinary Medical ResearchCentre for Agricultural Research, Hungarian Academy of SciencesBudapestHungary
  5. 5.Invasive Insect Biocontrol and Behavior LaboratoryUSDABeltsvilleUSA
  6. 6.The Pirbright InstitutePirbrightUK
  7. 7.Departments of Food Science, Molecular and Cellular Biology, and PathobiologyUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada
  8. 8.Department of MicrobiologyInstitut PasteurParisFrance
  9. 9.NIH/NIAID/DCR Integrated Research Facility at Fort Detrick (IRF-Frederick)FrederickUSA
  10. 10.Division of Molecular and Cellular BiosciencesNational Science FoundationArlingtonUSA
  11. 11.Department of Microbiology and ImmunobiologyHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  12. 12.Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Entomology and Plant PathologyMississippi State UniversityMississippi StateUSA
  13. 13.Summerland Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food CanadaSummerlandCanada
  14. 14.Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, School of Cellular and Molecular MedicineUniversity of BristolBristolUK
  15. 15.Nuffield Department of Experimental MedicineUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  16. 16.The Biodesign Center for Fundamental and Applied Microbiomics, School of Life Sciences, Center for Evolution and MedicineArizona State UniversityTempeUSA
  17. 17.Departamento de Fitopatologia/BIOAGROUniversidade Federal de ViçosaViçosaBrasil
  18. 18.Department of Medical MicrobiologyLeiden University Medical CenterLeidenThe Netherlands
  19. 19.Faculty of Bioengineering and BioinformaticsLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  20. 20.MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus ResearchGlasgowUK

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