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Tomato leaf curl Burkina Faso virus: a novel tomato-infecting monopartite begomovirus from Burkina Faso

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In this report, we present the first description of the complete genome sequence of a new monopartite begomovirus isolated from tomatoes collected in Burkina Faso and presenting with symptoms of tomato leaf curl disease. We propose the tentative name “tomato leaf curl Burkina Faso virus’’ (ToLCBFV). DNA-A-like nucleotide sequence of ToLCBFV shares the highest nucleotide sequence identity (85%) with the pepper yellow vein Mali virus (PepYVMLV). Phylogenetic analysis confirmed the affiliation of ToLCBFV to Old World monopartite begomoviruses. This discovery of a new species confirms the existence of high genetic diversity in monopartite begomoviruses in sub-Saharan Africa and particularly in West Africa.

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Correspondence to Jean-Michel Lett.

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This study was funded by the EMEB project (PEERS-AIRD, 2013-2014), the European Union (FEDER), the Région Réunion and CIRAD. AO is a recipient of a PhD fellowship from CIRAD (2015-2017).

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Supplementary table 1. Description of the open reading frames (ORFs) of the ToLCBFV genome (XLS 22 kb)


Supplementary table 2. Percentage of pairwise nucleotide identities shared between full DNA-A-like sequences of ToLCBFV and selected Old World monopartite begomoviruses originating from Africa and in the case of ToLCV, from Australia. Percentages were determined using SDT v1.2, calculated as 1-p distance, with pairwise deletion of gaps [5]. Abbreviations and accession numbers of viruses are listed in supplementary table 3 (XLS 29 kb)


Supplementary table 3. Name, acronyms and GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession numbers of begomoviruses used in pairwise identity comparisons and phylogenetic analysis (XLS 32 kb)

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Ouattara, A., Tiendrébéogo, F., Lefeuvre, P. et al. Tomato leaf curl Burkina Faso virus: a novel tomato-infecting monopartite begomovirus from Burkina Faso. Arch Virol 162, 1427–1429 (2017).

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