Archives of Virology

, Volume 158, Issue 3, pp 531–542 | Cite as

Host range and genetic diversity of croton yellow vein mosaic virus, a weed-infecting monopartite begomovirus causing leaf curl disease in tomato

  • D. Pramesh
  • Bikash MandalEmail author
  • Chigurupati Phaneendra
  • V. Muniyappa
Original Article


Croton yellow vein mosaic virus (CYVMV) is a widely occurring begomovirus in Croton bonplandianum, a common weed in the Indian subcontinent. In this study, CYVMV (genus Begomovirus, family Geminiviridae) was transmitted by whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci) to as many as 35 plant species belonging to 11 families, including many vegetables, tobacco varieties, ornamentals and weeds. CYVMV produced bright yellow vein symptoms in croton, whereas in all the other host species, the virus produced leaf curl symptoms. CYVMV produced leaf curl in 13 tobacco species and 22 cultivars of Nicotiana tabacum and resembled tobacco leaf curl virus (TobLCV) in host reactions. However, CYVMV was distinguished from TobLCV in four differential hosts, Ageratum conyzoides, C. bonplandianum, Euphorbia geniculata and Sonchus bracyotis. The complete genome sequences of four isolates originating from northern, eastern and southern India revealed that a single species of DNA-A and a betasatellite, croton yellow vein mosaic betasatellite (CroYVMB) were associated with the yellow vein mosaic disease of croton. The sequence identity among the isolates of CYVMV DNA-A and CroYVMB occurring in diverse plant species was 91.8-97.9 % and 83.3-100 %, respectively. The CYVMV DNA-A and CroYVMB generated through rolling-circle amplification of the cloned DNAs produced typical symptoms of yellow vein mosaic and leaf curling in croton and tomato, respectively. The progeny virus from both the croton and tomato plants was transmitted successfully by B. tabaci. The present study establishes the etiology of yellow vein mosaic disease of C. bonplandianum and provides molecular evidence that a weed-infecting monopartite begomovirus causes leaf curl in tomato.


Croton Progeny Virus Yellow Vein Tomato Leaf Host Reaction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



A fellowship provided by the Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR), New Delhi, India, and Postgraduate School, Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi, India, to the first author is thankfully acknowledged. We thank Neha Tiwari for her help in biolistic inoculation. We are thankful to Dr. M.N. Maruthi, Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, UK, for critically reviewing the manuscript.

Supplementary material

705_2012_1511_MOESM1_ESM.doc (96 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 96 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Pramesh
    • 1
  • Bikash Mandal
    • 1
    Email author
  • Chigurupati Phaneendra
    • 1
  • V. Muniyappa
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Plant Pathology, Advanced Centre for Plant VirologyIndian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Plant pathologyUniversity of Agricultural SciencesBangaloreIndia

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