Nucleotide sequence, genome organization and phylogenetic analysis of Strawberry pallidosis associated virus, a new member of the genus Crinivirus
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The complete nucleotide sequence of Strawberry pallidosis associated virus (SPaV), a newly identified member of the genus Crinivirus, family Closteroviridae has been determined. RNA 1 is 8067 nucleotides long and encodes at least three open reading frames (ORFs). The first ORF (ORF 1a) specifies a multifunctional protein that has papain-like proteinase, methyltransferase and RNA helicase domains. The RNA-dependent-RNA polymerase is encoded in ORF 1b and is probably expressed by a +1 ribosomal frameshift. The 3′ ORF of RNA 1 encodes a small protein with two potential transmembrane helices. RNA 2 is 7979 nucleotides long and encodes 8 ORFs, similar in amino acid sequence and arrangement with those of other criniviruses. SPaV encodes the largest structural protein of closteroviruses sequenced to date as the minor coat protein of the virus has molecular mass of approximately 80 kDa. The 3′ non-translated regions share nucleotide sequence identities of about 56% and the predicted folding of the non-translated regions is similar. Phylogenetic analyses reveal that SPaV is related most closely to Abutilon yellows virus and Beet pseudo-yellows virus, another virus that has been identified recently to cause identical symptoms on strawberry indicator plants as SPaV.
KeywordsCoat Protein Transmembrane Helix Complete Nucleotide Sequence Nucleotide Sequence Identity Yellow Virus
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