Characteristics and risk analysis of hydrological disaster events from 1949 to 2015 in Urumqi, China

  • Xingwei Li
  • Jianguo DuEmail author
  • Hongyu Long
  • Guili Sun
Original Paper


According to the statistics and collation of data on the main hydrological disasters that occurred in Urumqi from 1949 to 2015, the risk characteristics of the main hydrological disasters in the city are identified and analyzed to reveal the distribution of local hydrological hazard risk based on the comprehensive disaster risk assessment theory for historical disasters. The research findings are as follows: (1) the main hydrological disasters in Urumqi are caused by floods, snow, and droughts, among which floods have the greatest risk, while the risk of droughts is minimal. (2) There are various and complex types of flood disasters in Urumqi, which have frequent occurrences, a wide range of influence, and easily cause secondary disasters. Snow disasters are complex and diverse, with frequent occurrences. Moreover, there are varied and complex types of drought disasters in Urumqi, which have frequent occurrences. Drought disasters in Urumqi, which last for a long time, have enormous effects on agricultural and forestry crops, while the frequencies of frost and hail disasters in Urumqi are lower. (3) Historical hydrological disasters in Urumqi mainly occurred from May to August and November to March of the following year, which are high-frequency months for hydrological disasters. (4) Flood disasters in Urumqi occur every 1.59 years, on average, while snow disasters in Urumqi occur every 1.65 years, on average. Additionally, flood and snow disasters could easily occur in the next 15 years. (5) The hydrological disaster environment in Urumqi is mainly affected by local temperature, sunshine, elevation, topography, precipitation, plant resources, and the social economy.


Funding information

This work was supported by the Special Funds of the National Social Science Fund of China (18VSJ038) and supported in part by the National Science Foundation of China (under grant 71471076).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xingwei Li
    • 1
  • Jianguo Du
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hongyu Long
    • 2
  • Guili Sun
    • 3
  1. 1.School of ManagementJiangsu UniversityZhenjiangChina
  2. 2.School of Civil Engineering and ArchitectureSouthwest Petroleum UniversityChengduChina
  3. 3.College of Forestry and HorticultureXinjiang Agricultural UniversityUrumqiChina

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