Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 132, Issue 1–2, pp 209–217 | Cite as

Annual distributions and variations of dust weather occurrence over the Tarim Basin, China

  • Yong Zhao
  • Yang Zhou
  • Minzhong Wang
  • Wen Huo
  • Anning Huang
  • Xinhua Yang
  • Fan Yang
Original Paper


The annual distribution and variations in dust weather occurrence (DWO) have been analyzed using monthly DWO data from 26 stations over the Tarim Basin during the period of 1961 to 2010. The results show that the DWO presents a significant decreasing trend for different parts of the Tarim Basin in recent decades. The monthly DWO has two peaks in the east and west. In the first half of the year, the peak is in April, but in the second half of the year, the peak is in September. According to the concentration period and concentration degree (CD) of DWO, we can find that the maximum DWO occurs in April in the eastern, western, and northern parts of the basin, but it occurs in May in the southern part. The dust weather season is shorter for the northern and eastern parts of the basin than those of the remaining parts. On average, the dust weather season initiates in April in the northeast and in May for the rest of the region. As an indicator for the length of dust weather season, the CD is significantly related to DWO, with a correlation coefficient of −0.51, revealing an interesting feature of regional climate change with declining DWO and declining dust weather season over the Tarim Basin. The correlation analysis exhibits that all the Arctic Oscillation, Antarctic Oscillation, and North Atlantic Oscillation have a negative relation with the DWO but a positive relation with the length of dust weather season.



We acknowledge the support by the Nation Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 41575008.


  1. Buishand TA (1982) Some methods for testing the homogeneity of rainfall records. J Hydrol 58:11–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chen HW, Wang X, Ma Y (2003) A study on the local and regional strong sandstorm process in Tarim Basin (in Chinese). J Desert Res 23(5):533–538Google Scholar
  3. Ding RQ, Wang SG, Shang KZ et al (2003) Analysis of sandstorm and sand-blowing weather trend and jump in China in recent 45 years (in Chinese). J Desert Res 23(3):306–310Google Scholar
  4. Duce RA, Unni CK, Ray BJ et al (1980) Long-range atmospheric transport of soil dust from Asia to the tropical North Pacific: temporal variability. Science 209:1522–1524CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fan K, Wang HJ (2004) Antarctic oscillation and the dust weather occurrence in North China. Geophys Res Lett 31:L10201. doi: 10.1029/2004/2004GL019465 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gong DY, Mao R, Fan YD (2006) East Asian dust storm and weather disturbance: possible links to the Arctic Oscillation. Int J Climatol 26:1379–1396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Goudie AS (1983) Dust storms in space and time. Prog Phys Geogr 7(4):502–530Google Scholar
  8. Goudie AS, Middleton NJ (1992) The changing occurrence of dust storms through time. Clim Chang 20:197–225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Han YX, Fang XM, Song LC et al (2005) A study of atmospheric circulation and dust storm causes of formation in the Tarim Basin—the restructured wind field by shapes of dune and observed prevailing wind (in Chinese). J Atmos Sci 29(4):625–635Google Scholar
  10. Isao A, Yasunori K, Ryoichi O et al (2005) Dust storms generated by meso-scale cold fronts in the Tarim Basin, Northwest China. Geophys Res Lett 32:L06807. doi: 10.1029/2004GL021776 Google Scholar
  11. Kendall MG (1975) Rank correlation measures. Charles Griffin, London 202 ppGoogle Scholar
  12. Li HJ, Li J, He Q (2008a) Study on sand storm trend and abrupt change in Xinjiang (in Chinese). J Desert Res 28(5):915–919Google Scholar
  13. Li JC, Dong ZB, Wang XM et al (2008b) Seasonal distribution and causes of dust events in Tarim Basin, China (in Chinese). J Desert Res 28(1):142–148Google Scholar
  14. Li XM, Jiang FQ, Li LH et al (2011) Spatial and temporal variability of precipitation concentration index, concentration degree and concentration period in Xinjiang, China. Int J Climatol 31:1679–1693Google Scholar
  15. Littmann T (1991) Dust storm occurrence in Asia: climatic control and variability. Int J Climatol 11:393–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mann HB (1945) Nonparametric tests against trend. Econometrica 13:245–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mao R, Ho CH, Shao YP et al (2010) Influence of Arctic Oscillation on dust activity over northeast Asia. Atmos Envir doi. doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.10.020 Google Scholar
  18. Merrill JT, Uematsu M, Bleck R (1989) Meteorological analysis of long range transport of mineral aerosols over the North Pacific. J Geophys Res 94:8584–8598CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Qian WH, Quan LS, Shi SY et al (2002) Variations of the dust storm in China and its climatic control. J Clim 15:1216–1229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Shi YF, Shen YP, Li DL et al (2003) Discussion on the present climate change from warm-day to warm-wet in Northeast China (in Chinese). Quat Sci 23(2):152–164Google Scholar
  21. Thompson DWJ, Wallace JM (2000) Annular modes in the extratropical circulation: part I: month to month variability. J Clim 13:1000–1016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Thompson DWJ, Wallace JM (2001) Regional climate impacts of the northern hemisphere annular mode. Science 293:85–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Wallace JM, Gutzler DS (1981) Teleconnections in geopotential height field during the northern hemisphere winter. Mon Wea Rev 109:784–812CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Wang SG (1996) A study on dust storm over the desert region in the northern China (in Chinese). J Natural Disaster 5(2):86–94Google Scholar
  25. Wang SG, Wang JY, Zhou ZJ et al (2003a) Regional characteristics of dust events in China (in Chinese). Acta Geograph Sin 58(2):193–200Google Scholar
  26. Wang X, Ma Y, Chen HW et al (2003b) Analysis on the climatic characteristics of sandstorms in south Xinjiang (in Chinese). J Desert Res 23(2):148–151Google Scholar
  27. Yan H (1993) A nationwide meeting summary of discussing sand-dust storm weathers occurred in Gansu Province (in Chinese). J Gansu Meteor 11(3):6–11Google Scholar
  28. Yang XY, Wang DX (2003) Notes of difference between the Arctic Oscillation and North Atlantic Oscillation (in Chinese). Adv Clim Chang Res 2(2):82–84Google Scholar
  29. Yang XH, Shen SH, Yang F et al (2015) Spatial and temporal variations of blowing dust events in the Taklimakan desert. Theor Apll Climatol. doi: 10.1007/s00704-015-1537-4 Google Scholar
  30. Yasunori K, Masao M (2003) Recent frequent dust events and their relation to surface wind in East Asia. Geophys Res Lett 30:1736. doi: 10.1029/2003GL017261 Google Scholar
  31. Yeh TC, Koo CC (1955) On the influence of Tibetan Plateau on the circulation over Eastern Asia and weather in China (in Chinese). Sci Sinica 4:29–33Google Scholar
  32. Zhang JB, Deng ZF (1987) Precipitation conspectus in Xinjiang (in Chinese). China Meteorological Press, Beijing 12 ppGoogle Scholar
  33. Zhang LJ, Qian YF (2003) Annual distribution features of precipitation in China and their interannual variations. Acta Meteor Sin 17(2):146–163Google Scholar
  34. Zhang LJ, Qian YF (2004) A study on the feature of precipitation concentration and its relation to flood-producing in the Yangtze River Valley of China (in Chinese). J Geophys 47(4):622–630Google Scholar
  35. Zhao Y, Li HJ, He Q (2012) Variation of dust storm days in Tarim Basin and its relation with North Atlantic Oscillation (in Chinese). J Desert Res 32(4):1082–1088Google Scholar
  36. Zhao Y, Huang AN, Zhu XS et al (2013) The impact of the winter North Atlantic Oscillation on the occurrence of spring dust storms over Tarim Basin in northwest China in the past half-century. Environ Res Lett 8(2):024026CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Zhou ZJ (2001) Blowing-sand and sandstorm in China in recent 45 years (in Chinese). Quat Sci 21(1):9–17Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yong Zhao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yang Zhou
    • 3
  • Minzhong Wang
    • 2
  • Wen Huo
    • 2
  • Anning Huang
    • 3
  • Xinhua Yang
    • 2
  • Fan Yang
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Atmospheric SciencesChengdu University of Information TechnologyChengduChina
  2. 2.Institute of Desert MeteorologyChina Meteorological AdministrationUrumqiChina
  3. 3.School of Atmospheric SciencesNanjing University (Xianlin Campus)NanjingChina

Personalised recommendations