Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 132, Issue 1–2, pp 103–114 | Cite as

Summer weather characteristics and periodicity observed over the period 1888–2013 in the region of Belgrade, Serbia

  • Dragana Vujović
  • Nedeljko Todorović
  • Mira Paskota
Original Paper


With the goal of finding summer climate patterns in the region of Belgrade (Serbia) over the period 1888–2013, different techniques of multivariate statistical analysis were used in order to analyze the simultaneous changes of a number of climatologic parameters. An increasing trend of the mean daily minimum temperature was detected. In the recent decades (1960–2013), this increase was much more pronounced. The number of days with the daily minimum temperature greater or equal to 20 °C also increased significantly. Precipitation had no statistically significant trend. Spectral analysis showed a repetitive nature of the climatologic parameters which had periods that roughly can be classified into three groups, with the durations of the following: (1) 6 to 7 years, (2) 10 to 18 years, and (3) 21, 31, and 41 years. The temperature variables mainly had one period of repetitiveness of 5 to 7 years. Among other variables, the correlations of regional fluctuations of the temperature and precipitation and atmospheric circulation indices were analyzed. The North Atlantic oscillation index had the same periodicity as that of the precipitation, and it was not correlated to the temperature variables. Atlantic multidecadal oscillation index correlated well to the summer mean daily minimum and summer mean temperatures. The underlying structure of the data was analyzed by principal component analysis, which detected the following four easily interpreted dimensions: More sunshine-Higher temperature, Precipitation, Extreme heats, and Changeable summer.


Summer climate patterns Climatologic parameters Principal component analysis Spectral analysis Increasing trend Atmospheric circulation indices 



The Serbian Ministry of Education and Science partially supported this study under Grant 176013.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dragana Vujović
    • 1
  • Nedeljko Todorović
    • 2
  • Mira Paskota
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Physics, Department of MeteorologyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.Weather Forecast DepartmentHydrometeorological Service of SerbiaBelgradeSerbia
  3. 3.Faculty of Transport and Traffic EngineeringUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia

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