Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 129, Issue 1–2, pp 185–200 | Cite as

Storm surge evolution and its relationship to climate oscillations at Duck, NC

  • Robert Munroe
  • Scott CurtisEmail author
Original Paper


Coastal communities experience increased vulnerability during storm surge events through the risk of damage to coastal infrastructure, erosion/deposition, and the endangerment of human life. Policy and planning measures attempt to avoid or mitigate storm surge consequences through building codes and setbacks, beach stabilization, insurance rates, and coastal zoning. The coastal emergency management community and public react and respond on shorter time scales, through temporary protection, emergency stockpiling, and evacuation. This study utilizes time series analysis, the Kolmogorov-Smirnov (K-S) test, Pearson’s correlation, and the generalized extreme value (GEV) theorem to make the connection between climate oscillation indices and storm surge characteristics intra-seasonally to inter-annually. Results indicate that an El Niño (+ENSO), negative phase of the NAO, and positive phase of the PNA pattern all support longer duration and hence more powerful surge events, especially in winter. Increased surge duration increases the likelihood of extensive erosion, inland inundation, among other undesirable effects of the surge hazard.


Cyclone Tropical Cyclone Generalize Extreme Value Federal Emergency Management Agency Extratropical Cyclone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Weather Service/NOAALos Angeles/Oxnard Weather Forecast OfficeOxnardUSA
  2. 2.Department of Geography, Planning, and EnvironmentEast Carolina UniversityGreenvilleUSA

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