Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 126, Issue 1–2, pp 151–159 | Cite as

Nonlinear characteristics of hydroclimate variability in the mid-latitude Asia over the past seven centuries

  • Feifei Zhou
  • Keyan FangEmail author
  • Yingjun Li
  • Qiuyan Chen
  • Dan Chen
Original Paper


Hydroclimate variations in the mid-latitude Asia have received considerable attention due to its significance for the regional ecosystem and livelihood, while its nonlinear characteristics over the past centuries are not fully understood yet. Hydroclimate patterns for the mid-latitude Asia are classified into eastern and western modes based on a network of the reconstructed Palmer drought severity index (PDSI) of 197 grids spanning since 1300. The hydroclimate variations of western mode are more complex than that of eastern mode based on the Higuchi’s fractal dimension (HFD) analysis, which may be related to the complex atmospheric circulation patterns that dominate them. The relationships of the hydroclimate variations between western and eastern modes at different time scales extracted by ensemble empirical mode decomposition method (EEMD) are detected. The anti-phase relationship of the hydroclimatic variations between western and eastern modes at the interdecadal variations occurs during the periods with the enhanced El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) variance. Similarly, the multidecadal hydroclimate variations are anti-phase when the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) is in its warm phases. The inverse relationship between western and eastern modes is stable for the centennial scale.


Pacific Decadal Oscillation Palmer Drought Severity Index Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition Method Hydroclimate Variation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors acknowledge funding from the National Science Foundation of China (41171039) and the Minjiang Special-term Professor fellowship.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Feifei Zhou
    • 1
  • Keyan Fang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Yingjun Li
    • 1
  • Qiuyan Chen
    • 3
  • Dan Chen
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Humid Subtropical Eco-geographical Process (MOE)Fujian Normal UniversityFuzhouChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment, Institute of Geology and GeophysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Western Environment and Climate Change (MOE)Lanzhou UniversityLanzhouChina

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