Skip to main content

Advertisement

Log in

Updated precipitation reconstruction (AD 1482–2012) for Huashan, north-central China

  • Original Paper
  • Published:
Theoretical and Applied Climatology Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

We developed a tree-ring width chronology from pine trees (Pinus tabulaeformis and Pinus armandii) stand near the peaks of Huashan, Shaanxi, north-central China. Growth-climate response analyses showed that the radial growth of pine trees is mainly influenced by April–June precipitation. A model to reconstruct precipitation based on tree widths was constructed, accounting for 55 % of the instrumental variance during the period 1953–2012. Spatial correlation analyses between the reconstruction and observed gridded precipitation data shows that the seasonal precipitation reconstruction captures regional climatic variations over north China. Compared with the historical archives and other tree-ring records in north China, many large-scale drought events, linked to the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO), were found. Many of these events have had profound impacts on the people of north China over the past several centuries. Composite maps of sea surface temperatures and 500 hPa geopotential heights for selected extremely dry and wet years in Huashan show characteristics similar to those related to the ENSO patterns, particularly with regard to ocean and atmospheric conditions in the equatorial and north Pacific. Our 531-year precipitation reconstruction for Huashan provides a long-term perspective on current and 20th century wet and dry events in north China, and is useful to guide expectations of future variability, and helps us to address climate change.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Biondi F, Waikul K (2004) DENDROCLIM2002: A C++ program for statistical calibration of climate signals in tree-ring chronologies. Comput Geosci 30:303–311

  • Chen F, Yuan Y, Wei W, Yu S, Li Y, Zhang R, Fan Z, Zhang T, Shang H (2010) Long-term drought severity variations recorded in tree rings in the Northern Helan Mountains. Adv Clim Chang Res 6:344–348

    Google Scholar 

  • Chen F, Yuan YJ, Wei WS, Fan ZA, Yu SL, Zhang TW, Zhang RB, Shang HM, Qin L (2013) Reconstructed precipitation for the north-central China over the past 380 years and its linkages to East Asian summer monsoon variability. Quat Int 283:36–45

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Chen F, Yuan YJ, Wei WS, Fan ZA, Zhang RB, Yu SL (2014) April–June precipitation reconstruction for Xi’an and drought assessment for the Guanzhong Plain from tree rings of Chinese pine. J Water Clim Chang. doi:10.2166/wcc.2014.245

    Google Scholar 

  • Chen F, Yuan YJ, Wei WS, Yu SL, Fan ZA, Zhang RB, Zhang TW, Shang HM (2012) Tree-ring-based reconstruction of precipitation in the Changling Mountains, China, since A.D.1691. Int J Biometeorol 56:765–774

  • Cook ER (1985) A time-series analysis approach to tree-ring standardization. The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, PhD dissertation

    Google Scholar 

  • Cook ER, Kairiukstis L (1990) Methods of dendrochronology: applications in the environmental sciences. Springer, New York

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Cook ER, Krusic PJ (2007) Program ARSTAN: a tree-ring standardization program based on detrending and autoregressive time series modeling, with interactive graphics. Tree-Ring Laboratory Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia. University, Palisades

    Google Scholar 

  • Cook ER, Anchukaitis KJ, Buckley BM, D’Arrigo RD, Jacoby GC, Wright WE (2010) Asian monsoon failure and megadrought during the Last Millennium. Science 328:486–489

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Dai A (2011) Drought under global warming: a review. Wiley Interdiscip Rev Clim Chang. doi:10.1002/wcc.81

    Google Scholar 

  • Dai AG, Trenberth KE, Qian T (2004) A global dataset of Palmer drought severity index for 1870–2002: relationship with soil moisture and effects of surface warming. J Hydrometeorol 5:1117–1130

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Fang K, Gou X, Chen F, D’Arrigo R, Li J (2010) Tree-ring based drought reconstruction for the Guiqing mountain (china): linkages to the Indian and pacific oceans. Int J Climatol 30:1137–1145

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Feng S, Hu Q (2004) Variations in the teleconnection of ENSO and summer rainfall in northern China: a role of the Indian summer monsoon. J Clim 17:4871–4881

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Fritts HC (1976) Tree ring and climate. Academic, London

    Google Scholar 

  • Fu G, Charles SP, Yu J, Liu C (2009) Decadal climatic variability, trends, and future scenarios for the North China Plain. J Clim 22:2111–2123

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gergis JL, Fowler AM (2009) A history of ENSO events since A.D. 1525: implications for future climate change. Clim Chang 92:343–387

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gong D, Wang S (1999) Impacts of ENSO on rainfall of global land and China. Chin Sci Bull 44:852–857

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gou X, Chen F, Jacoby G, Cook E, Yang M, Peng J, Zhang Y (2007) Rapid tree growth with respect to the last 400 years in response to climate warming, northeastern Tibetan Plateau. Int J Climatol 27:1497–1503

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Harris I, Jones PD, Osborn TJ, Lister DH (2014) Updated high-resolution grids of monthly climatic observations—the CRU TS3.10 Dataset. Int J Climatol 34:623–642

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Holmes RL (1983) Computer-assisted quality control in tree-ring dating and measurement. Tree Ring Bull 43:69–95

    Google Scholar 

  • Huang R, Wu Y (1989) The influence of ENSO on the summer climate change in China and its mechanism. Adv Atmos Sci 6:21–32

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hughes MK, Wu X, Shao XM, Garfin G (1994) A preliminary reconstruction of rainfall in north-central China since A.D. 1600 from tree-ring density and width. Quat Res 42:88–99

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kalnay E, Kanarmitsu M, Kistler R, Collins W, Deaven D, Gandin L, Iredell M, Saha S, White G, Woollen J, Zhu Y, Chelliah M, Ebisuzaki W, Higgins W, Janowiak J, Mo KC, Ropelewski C, Wang J, Leetmaa A, Reynolds R, Jenne R, Joseph D (1996) The NCEP/NCAR reanalysis 40-year project. Bull Am Meteorol Soc 77:437–471

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Li J, Chen FH, Cook ER, Gou X, Zhang Y (2007) Drought reconstruction for north central China from tree rings: the value of the Palmer drought severity index. Int J Climatol 27:903–909

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Li JB, Cook ED, D’Arrigo R, Chen FH, Gou XH, Peng JF, Huang JG (2008) Common tree growth anomalies over the northeastern Tibetan plateau during the last six centuries: implications for regional moisture change. Glob Chang Biol 14:2096–2107

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Li Q, Nakatsuka T, Kawamura K, Liu Y, Song HM (2011) Hydroclimate variability in the North China Plain and its link with El Niño–Southern Oscillation since 1784 A.D.: insights from tree‐ring cellulose δ18O. J Geophys Res 116, D22106. doi:10.1029/2011JD015987

    Google Scholar 

  • Liu YX, Yan JH, Wu TW, Guo YF, Chen LH, Wang JP (2008) Prediction research of climate change trends over North China in the future 30 years. J Meteorol Res 22:42–50

    Google Scholar 

  • Liu Y, Tian H, Song H, Liang J (2010) Tree ring precipitation reconstruction in the Chifeng-Weichang region, China, and East Asian Summer Monsoon variation since AD 1777. J Geophys Res 115, D06103

    Google Scholar 

  • Liu HW, Zhou TJ, Zhu YX, Lin YH (2012) The strengthening East Asia summer monsoon since the early 1990s. Chin Sci Bull 57:1553–1558

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ma ZG (2007) The interdecadal trend and shift of dry/wet over the central part of North China and their relationship to the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO). Chin Sci Bull 52:2130–2139

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Osborn TJ, Briffa KR, Jones PD (1997) Adjusting variance for sample-size in tree-ring chronologies and other regional mean timeseries. Dendrochronologia 15:89–99

    Google Scholar 

  • PAGES 2 k Consortium (2013) Continental-scale temperature variability during the past two millennia. Nat Geosci 6:339–346

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Qian WH, Liu DZ (2003) Relationships between four seasonal rainfall variability in Northern China and sea level pressure anomalies for the last century. Acta Geograph Sin 58:49–60

    Google Scholar 

  • Qin DH (2002) The evaluation for environmental change of western China. Science Press, Beijing

    Google Scholar 

  • Quinn WH, Neal VT (1992) The historical record of El Nino events, in climate since AD 1500. pp. 623–648, Routledge, London

  • Shao XM, Xu Y, Yin ZY, Liang E, Zhu HF, Wang S (2010) Climatic implications of a 3585-year tree-ring width chronology from the northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Quat Sci Rev 29:2111–2122

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Shen C, Wang WC, Gong W, Hao Z (2006) A Pacific Decadal Oscillation record since 1470 AD reconstructed from proxy data of summer rainfall over eastern China. J Geophys Res 33, L03702. doi:10.1029/2005GL024804

    Google Scholar 

  • Sheppard P, Tarasov P, Graumlich L, Heussner K, Wagner M, Ö sterle H, Thompson LG (2004) Annual precipitation since 515 BC reconstructed from living and fossil juniper growth of Northeast Qinghai Province, China. Clim Dynam 23:869–881

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Trouet V, van Oldenborgh GJ (2013) KNMI climate explorer: a web-based research tool for high-resolution paleoclimatology. Tree-Ring Res 69:3–13

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wang H (2001) The weakening of the Asian monsoon circulation after the end of 1970’s. Adv Atmos Sci 18:376–386

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wigley TML, Briffa KR, Jones PD (1984) On the average value of correlated time series, with applications in dendroclimatology and hydrometeorology. J Clim Appl Meteorol 23:201–213

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Yang XQ, Xie Q, Zhu YM, Sun XG, Guo YJ (2005) Decadal-to-interdecadal variability of precipitation in North China and associated atmospheric and oceanic anomaly patterns. Chin J Geophys 48:789–797

    Google Scholar 

  • Yang B, Qin C, Bräuning A, Burchardt I, Liu J (2011) Rainfall history for the Hexi Corridor in the arid northwest China during the past 620 years derived from tree rings. Int J Climatol 31:1166–1176

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Yi L, Yu H, Xu X, Yao J, Su Q, Ge J (2010) Exploratory precipitation in North-Central China during the past four centuries. Acta Geol Sin 84(1):223–229

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Yuan L (1994) Disaster history in Northwest China. Gansu People’s Press, Lanzhou

    Google Scholar 

  • Zheng JY, Wang WC, Ge QS, Man ZM, Zhang PY (2006) Precipitation variability and extreme events in eastern China during the past 1500 years. Terr Atmos Ocean Sci 17(3):579–592

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program) (No. 2012CB955301), the Basic Research Operating Expenses of the Central-level Non-profit Research Institutes (IDM201105), the Open Foundation of MOE Key Laboratory of Western China’s Environmental System, Lanzhou University and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (lzujbky-2011-t02). We thank the reviewers very much whose comments greatly benefitted this manuscript. We are also grateful to Prof. Hughes and Shao for providing tree-ring data.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Feng Chen.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Chen, F., Zhang, R., Wang, H. et al. Updated precipitation reconstruction (AD 1482–2012) for Huashan, north-central China. Theor Appl Climatol 123, 723–732 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00704-015-1387-0

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00704-015-1387-0

Keywords

Navigation