Urban field classification by “local climate zones” in a medium-sized Central European city: the case of Olomouc (Czech Republic)

Abstract

The stations of the Metropolitan Station Network in Olomouc (Czech Republic) were assigned to local climatic zones, and the temperature characteristics of the stations were compared. The classification of local climatic zones represents an up-to-date concept for the unification of the characterization of the neighborhoods of climate research sites. This study is one of the first to provide a classification of existing stations within local climate zones. Using a combination of GIS-based analyses and field research, the values of geometric and surface cover properties were calculated, and the stations were subsequently classified into the local climate zones. It turned out that the classification of local climatic zones can be efficiently used for representative documentation of the neighborhood of the climate stations. To achieve a full standardization of the description of the neighborhood of a station, the classification procedures, including the methods used for the processing of spatial data and methods used for the indication of specific local characteristics, must be also standardized. Although the main patterns of temperature differences between the stations with a compact rise, those with an open rise and the stations with no rise or sparsely built areas were evident; the air temperature also showed considerable differences within particular zones. These differences were largely caused by various geometric layout of development and by unstandardized placement of the stations. For the direct comparison of temperatures between zones, particularly those stations which have been placed in such a way that they are as representative as possible for the zone in question should be used in further research.

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Acknowledgments

This research project was funded by the Czech Grant Agency, Project No. 205/09/1297: “Multilevel analysis of the urban and suburban climate taking medium-sized towns as an example”.

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Correspondence to Michal Lehnert.

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Lehnert, M., Geletič, J., Husák, J. et al. Urban field classification by “local climate zones” in a medium-sized Central European city: the case of Olomouc (Czech Republic). Theor Appl Climatol 122, 531–541 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00704-014-1309-6

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Keywords

  • Urban Heat Island
  • Maximum Daily Temperature
  • Urban Climate
  • Lower Maximum Temperature
  • Geometric Layout