Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 118, Issue 1–2, pp 57–68 | Cite as

Variability and trends in daily minimum and maximum temperatures and in the diurnal temperature range in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia in 1951–2010

  • Jaak Jaagus
  • Agrita Briede
  • Egidijus Rimkus
  • Kalle Remm
Original Paper

Abstract

Spatial distribution and trends in mean and absolute maximum and minimum temperatures and in the diurnal temperature range were analysed at 47 stations in the eastern Baltic region (Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia) during 1951–2010. Dependence of the studied variables on geographical factors (latitude, the Baltic Sea, land elevation) is discussed. Statistically significant increasing trends in maximum and minimum temperatures were detected for March, April, July, August and annual values. At the majority of stations, the increase was detected also in February and May in case of maximum temperature and in January and May in case of minimum temperature. Warming was slightly higher in the northern part of the study area, i.e. in Estonia. Trends in the diurnal temperature range differ seasonally. The highest increasing trend revealed in April and, at some stations, also in May, July and August. Negative and mostly insignificant changes have occurred in January, February, March and June. The annual temperature range has not changed.

Supplementary material

704_2013_1041_MOESM1_ESM.xls (2.5 mb)
ESM 1(XLS 2510 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jaak Jaagus
    • 1
  • Agrita Briede
    • 2
  • Egidijus Rimkus
    • 3
  • Kalle Remm
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geography, Institute of Ecology and Earth SciencesUniversity of TartuTartuEstonia
  2. 2.Department of GeographyUniversity of LatviaRigaLatvia
  3. 3.Department of Hydrology and ClimatologyVilnius UniversityVilniusLithuania

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