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Estimation of anthropogenic heat emission in the Gyeong-In region of Korea

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The anthropogenic heat emission in the Gyeong-In region of Korea in 2002 is estimated based on the energy consumption statistics data. The energy consumption over the region is categorized into four energy sectors: electricity use, transportation, point sources, and area sources. The estimated annual mean anthropogenic heat emissions in Seoul, Incheon, and Gyeonggi are found to be 55, 53, and 28 W m−2, respectively. A major contributing energy sector to anthropogenic heat emission in the Gyeong-In region is area sources including the residential, commercial, and small industrial sectors, which account for 40% of the total heat emission from the three administrative districts, and transportation and electricity use follow. The distributions of the annual, monthly, and hourly mean anthropogenic heat emission for all energy sectors are presented in the 0.01° longitude × 0.01° latitude grid domain. The presently estimated anthropogenic heat emission data can be used in mesoscale meteorological and environmental modeling in the Gyeong-In region.

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The authors are grateful to Dr. Kyu-Tak Cho for providing some emission sources. This work was funded by the Korea Meteorological Administration Research and Development Program under Grant CATER 2006–2202. Thanks are given to Dr. Toshiaki Ichinose and anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.

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Correspondence to S.-U. Park.

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Lee, SH., Song, CK., Baik, JJ. et al. Estimation of anthropogenic heat emission in the Gyeong-In region of Korea. Theor Appl Climatol 96, 291–303 (2009).

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