Advertisement

Theoretical and Applied Climatology

, Volume 84, Issue 4, pp 243–251 | Cite as

Barometric pressure, dry bulb temperature and vapor pressure at the lowest terrestrial site on earth, Dead Sea basin, Neve Zohar, Israel

  • A. I. Kudish
  • E. G. Evseev
Article
  • 70 Downloads

Summary

The Dead Sea basin is located at the lowest terrestrial site on the earth and, thereby, has the tallest atmospheric air column above its surface. Consequently, the Dead Sea basin is expected, a priori, to have the highest terrestrial barometric pressure and, thereby, the highest molecular oxygen density on the earth. The barometric pressure and dry bulb temperature have been monitored continuously at Neve Zohar, located on the western shore of the Dead Sea, since January 1995. The monthly average daily barometric pressure values exceed normal atmospheric pressure by a maximum of 4.83 hPa (4.77%) and a minimum of 33.1 hPa (3.26%) for December and July, respectively. This increase in barometric pressure can serve as a simple way to improve arterial oxygenation in hypoxemic patients. As a result, a number of research projects have been initiated on the treatment of patients suffering from pulmonary and cardiac diseases at the Dead Sea basin. The hourly barometric pressure data with regard to both its diurnal and monthly variation and the correlation between barometric pressure and dry bulb temperature will be analyzed.

Keywords

Climate Change Waste Water Water Pollution Vapor Pressure Molecular Oxygen 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abels, DJ, Kattan, BJ 1985Psoriasis treatment at the Dead Sea.J Am Acad Dermatol12639643Google Scholar
  2. Abinader, EG, Sharif, D, Rauchflieich, S, Pinzur, S, Tanchilevitz, A 1999aEffect of low altitude (Dead Sea location) on exercise performance and wall motion in patients with coronary artery disease.Am J Cardiol83250251A5Google Scholar
  3. Abinader, EG, Sharif, D, Goldhammer, E 1999bEffects of low altitude on exercise performance in patients with congestive heart failure after healing of acute myocardial infarction.Am J Cardiol83383387Google Scholar
  4. Avrach, WW, Niordson, AM 1974Treatment of psoriasis at the Dead Sea.Ugeskr Laeg1326872690Google Scholar
  5. Berkovits, EM, Sabo, E, Tal, A 1999The effect of a winter camp for cystic fibrosis patients at the Dead Sea region.Netherlands Journal Medicine54S65, A129Google Scholar
  6. Dostrovsky, A, Sagher, F 1959The therapeutic effect of the Dead Sea on some skin diseases.Harefuah57143145Google Scholar
  7. Greenberg, D, Goldbart, A, Porat, N, Yagupski, P, Peled, N, Trefler, R, Tal, A 2000Epidemiology and transmission of pseudomonas aeruginosa among European cystic fibrosis patients attending health camps on the Dead Sea, Israel.Israel Pediatrics Pulmonary20312, A486Google Scholar
  8. Kramer, MR, Springer, C, Berkman, N, Bar-Yishay, E, Avital, A, Mandelberg, A, Efron, D, Godfrey, S 1994Effect of natural oxygen enrichment at low altitude on oxygen-dependent patients with end-stage lung disease.Annals Internal Medicine121658662Google Scholar
  9. Kramer, MR, Springer, C, Berkman, N, Glazer, M, Bublil, M, Bar-Yishay, E, Godfrey, S 1998Rehabilitation of hypoxemic patients with COPD at low altitude at the Dead Sea, the lowest place on earth.Chest113571575Google Scholar
  10. Kudish, AI, Evseev, EG, Kushelevsky, AP 1997The analysis of ultraviolet radiation in the Dead Sea Basin.Int J Climatol1716971704CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kudish, AI, Evseev, EG 2000Statistical relationships between solar UVB and UVA radiation and global radiation measurements at two sites in Israel.Int J Climatol20759770CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kudish, AI, Abels, D, Harari, M 2003Ultraviolet radiation properties as applied to photoclimatherapy at the Dead Sea.Int J Dermatol42359365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kudish, AI, Lyubansky, V, Evseev, EG, Ianetz, A 2005Inter-comparison of Solar UVB, UVA and global radiation clearness indices and UV indices for Beer Sheva and Neve Zohar (Dead Sea), Israel.Energy3016231641CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kudish, AI, Lyubansky, V, Evseev, EG, Ianetz, A 2005aStatistical analysis and inter-comparison of the solar UVB, UVA and global radiation for Beer Sheva and Neve Zohar (Dead Sea), Israel.Theor Appl Climatol80115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Linacre, E 1992Climate data and resources: a reference and guide.RoutledgeLondon366Google Scholar
  16. Stanhill, G 1970Measurements of global solar radiation in Israel.Israel J Earth Sci199196Google Scholar
  17. Stanhill, G 1987The radiation climate of the Dead Sea.J Climatol7247256Google Scholar
  18. Stanhill, G, Ianetz, A 1997Long-term trends in, and the spatial variation of, global irradiance in Israel.Tellus49B112122Google Scholar
  19. Sukenik, S 1994Spa treatment for arthritis at the Dead Sea area.Israel Journal Medical Science30919921Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. I. Kudish
    • 1
    • 2
  • E. G. Evseev
    • 1
  1. 1.Solar Energy Laboratory, Institutes for Applied Research, Ben-Gurion University of the NegevBeer ShevaIsrael
  2. 2.Dead Sea Research CenterNeve ZoharIsrael

Personalised recommendations