Decision-making on an explicit risk-taking task in preadolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
- 793 Downloads
Inappropriate risk-taking and disadvantageous decision-making have been described as major behavioural characteristics of patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However these behaviours are difficult to measure in laboratory contexts and recent studies have yielded inconsistent results which might be related to task characteristics. The present study adopted the Game of Dice Task, a test procedure in which risks are made explicit and the load on working memory is minimal. As a result, preadolescents with ADHD (N = 23) made significantly more risky choices and suffered major losses of money compared to normal controls (N = 24) but only when they played the game a second time. Differences in risk-taking correlated significantly with hyperactivity as rated by parents and with inhibitory control, but not with working memory performance. The results are discussed in the context of current theories of ADHD.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Achenbach, T 1991Manual for the child behavior checklist/4–18 and 1991 profileUniversity of Vermont, Department of PsychiatryBurlingtonGoogle Scholar
- Barkley, RA 2006Attention-deficit/hyperactity disorder3GuilfordNew YorkGoogle Scholar
- Conners C (1997, 2002) Conners teacher rating scale-revised (CTRS- R:L). (Erckenbrecht I, Mästele A, Steinhausen H-C, German translation). Multi-health systems, North Tonawanda, NYGoogle Scholar
- Culbertson, W, Zillmer, EA 2001Tower of LondonDrexel University, Multi-Health Systems Inc.North Tonawanda, NYGoogle Scholar
- Gioia, G, Isquit, PK, Guy, SC, Kenworthy, L 2000Behavior rating inventory of executive function BRIEFPsychological Assessment Resources PARLutz, FLGoogle Scholar
- Heaton, RK, Par, S 2000WCST-64: computer version 2PAR Psychological Assessment ResourcesLutz, FLGoogle Scholar
- Kelly, AMC, Scheres, A, Sonuga-Barke, ESJ, Castellanos, FX 2007Functional neuroimaging of reward and motivational pathways in ADHDBellgrove, MFitzgerald, MGill, M eds. The handbook of attention deficit hyperactivity disorderWileyHoboken209235Google Scholar
- Schallberger U (2005) [Which short-forms of the HAWIK-III are the best according to statistical criteria?] German. Psychologisches Institut der Universität Zürich, ZürichGoogle Scholar
- Swanson, J 1992School-based assessments and interventions for ADD studentsK. C. PublishingIrvineGoogle Scholar
- Zimmermann P, Fimm B (2002) [Test for Attentional Performance, TAP 1.7.] German. Psytest, HerzogenrathGoogle Scholar