This single center study aims to compare the treatment outcomes and procedure-related complications of coil embolization in elderly patients (60–79 years) and very elderly patients (aged 80 years or older) with cerebral aneurysms.
Data was collected from 504 elderly patients aged 60 years or older who underwent coil embolization for intracranial aneurysms from 2018 to 2021. The study evaluated patient-related and anatomical factors and assessed various outcomes, comparing results between groups using statistical analysis and propensity score matching.
A total of 503 cerebral aneurysms were analyzed from individuals aged 60–79 years (n = 472) and those aged 80 years or older (n = 31). The majority of the aneurysms were unruptured with an average size of 3.5 mm in height and 3.4 mm in width. The patients were compared using 1:1 propensity score matching, and no significant differences were found in factors other than age and aortic elongation. Logistic analysis revealed that being over 80 years old and having a severe aortic arch elongation were identified as risk factors for procedure-related events in both total and unruptured cases.
The study compared coil embolization treatment for cerebral aneurysms in patients aged 60–79 and over 80, finding no significant difference in treatment outcomes except for procedure-related events. Procedure-related events were associated with severe aortic arch elongation and being over 80 years old. Coil embolization can be considered safe and effective for patients over 80, but further trials are needed for accurate conclusions.
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Choi, HZ., Kim, SU., Huh, J. et al. Comparison of treatment outcomes and complications of coil embolization in elderly and very elderly patients with cerebral aneurysms: a propensity score matching analysis. Acta Neurochir 165, 3361–3369 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00701-023-05793-2