Hyperbaric oxygen therapy of air embolus in the cerebral venous sinuses after intracranial surgery: a case report
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A case with cerebral venous air embolism (CVAE) after neurosurgery and treated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is presented. This is a rare and potentially fatal complication that neurosurgeons should be aware of. A 52-year-old male was diagnosed with an intracerebral hematoma. An emergency evacuation of the hematoma was performed with a craniotomy and the postoperative CT scan showed a complete evacuation of the hematoma, but it also revealed a CVAE. The patient was immediately referred to HBOT and received three sessions within 48 h. The CT scan after the first HBOT showed no CVAE, venous thrombosis, or new hematoma.
KeywordsCentral venous air embolism Hyperbaric oxygen treatment Intracerebral hematoma Intracranial surgery
Compliance with ethical standards
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. We have obtained informed written consent from the patient for publication of this case report.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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